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Sutherland, Earl of (S, 1235)

 

Creation: let. pat. 1235

 

Family name: Sutherland later Gordon later Sutherland later Leveson-Gower later Sutherland-Leveson-Gower later Sutherland

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Arms:

Gules three Mullets Or (as the ancient arms of Sutherland of that Ilk) on a Bordure of the second a Double Tressure flory counterflory of the first (as an Honourable Augmentation)

Crest:

A Cat-a-Mountain sejant rampant proper

Supporters:

On the dexter side a Savage Man wreathed about the head and loins with Laurel proper, holding in his exterior hand a Club Gules resting upon his shoulder, and on the sinister side another like Savage sustaining in his sinister hand and against his shoulder, upon a Staff ensigned by the Coronet of an Earl a Bannerette Gules, charged of three Mullets Or

Motto:

Sans Peur (Without fear)

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William [de Moravia later Sutherland], 1st Earl of Sutherland

1st son and heir of Hugh Freskin of Moray, Lord of Duffus and Strabock

born

mar.

children

1. William Sutherland, later 2nd Earl of Sutherland

2. Walter of Duffus (d. 1263), mar. Eupheme of Ross, sister of William, 2nd Earl of Ross

died

c. 1248

created

c. 1235 Lord Strathnaver and Earl of Sutherland

suc. by

son

 

William [Sutherland], 2nd Earl of Sutherland

born

mar.

children

1. William Sutherland, later 3rd Earl of Sutherland

2. Kenneth Sutherland, later 4th Earl of Sutherland

died

betw. Apr 1306 and Sep 1307

suc. by

son

note

said to be a supporter of the claim to the Scottish Crown by the de Bruce family following the death of Queen Margaret in 1290; he signed the Homage Roll at Berwick in 1296 and did not take part in the insurrection started by Sir William Wallace in 1297 against King Edward I of England, supporting Sir Brian FitzAlan, the newly appointed Keeper of Scotland

 

William [Sutherland], 3rd Earl of Sutherland

born

died

bef. Dec 1330

suc. by

brother

note

he was still a minor when he succeeded his father and was placed under the guardianship of Sir John Ross, son of William, 3rd Earl of Ross; the young Earl tried to maintain his loyalty to King Edward II of England as his father had been loyal to the King's father but eventually he and his guardian submitted to King Robert I of Scotland in 1308; a signatory of the Declaration of Arbroath sent to Pope John XXII in 1320

 

Kenneth [Sutherland], 4th Earl of Sutherland

born

mar.

Lady Marjorie of Mar (widow of John of Strathbogie, 9th Earl of Atholl), 2nd dau. of Donald, 6th Earl of Mar, by his wife Helen of Gwynedd (widow of Malcolm, 7th Earl of Fife), dau. of Llewellyn the Great, Prince of North Wales

children

1. William Sutherland, later 5th Earl of Sutherland

2. Nicholas Sutherland of Torboll, mar., and had issue

1. Lady Eustachia Sutherland, mar. Dec 1330 Gilbert Moray, son and heir of Reginald Moray of Culbin, and had issue

died

19 Jul 1333

suc. by

son by first wife

note

killed at the Battle of Halidon Hill

 

William [Sutherland], 5th Earl of Sutherland

born

mar. (1)

betw. 3 Aug and 28 Sep 1345 the Princess Margaret (d. betw. 30 Mar 1346 and Nov 1347), yst. dau. of Robert I, King of Scotland, by his second wife Lady Elizabeth de Burgh, 1st dau. of Richard [de Burgh], 2nd Earl of Ulster

only child by first wife

1. John Sutherland, Master of Sutherland, sent to England as a hostage for his uncle, King David II of Scotland, in 1351 when he was very young, and again in 1357 under the Treaty of Berwick and died at Lincoln of the plague (b. c. 1346; dvp. c. 8 Sep 1361)

mar. (2)

bef. 6 Dec 1363 Joanna Moray (widow of (1) Malise, 7th Earl of Strathearn, (2) John [Campbell], 1st and last Earl of Atholl, and (3) Maurice [Moray], 1st and last Earl of Strathearn), dau. of Sir John Menteith of Rusky and Knapdale

children by second wife

2. Robert Sutherland, later 6th Earl of Sutherland

3. Kenneth Sutherland of Drummoy, mar. and had issue

died

bef. 19 Jun 1371

suc. by

son by second wife

note

took part in the siege of Cupar 1335/6 and in a a devastating raid into Northumberland 1340; following his marriage to the Princess Margaret the Earldom of Sutherland was erected into a Regality; with his brother-in-law King David II at the Battle of Neville's Cross 1346, where the Scots were defeated and he and the King taken prisoner; he escaped and negotiated the ransom of King David in 1351; a hostage with his eldest son under the Treaty of Berwick 1357 for the payment of the King's ransom of 100,000 marks; during the next ten years he was often allowed to return to Scotland, being finally released in 1367; he had a land dispute with his neighbour, Iye MacDonald Mackay, which culminated in Iye and his elder son Donald being murdered by Nicholas Sutherland of Torboll, the Earl's brother; it has been suggested that his own death may have been the result of revenge for this murder

 

Robert [Sutherland], 6th Earl of Sutherland

born

mar.

1389 Margaret Stewart, illegit. dau. of Alexander [Stewart], Earl of Buchan (by his mistress Mariot Athyn), 4th son of Robert II, King of Scotland

children

1. John Sutherland, later 7th Earl of Sutherland

died

in or bef. 1427

suc. by

son

note

with the Duke of Albany when he raided Cumberland in 1388; present at the church at Inverness when his father-in-law Alexander, Earl of Buchan, was excommunicated

 

John [Sutherland], 7th Earl of Sutherland

born

mar.

in or bef. 1432 Margaret Baillie (b. c. 1415; mar. (2) Alexander Dunbar;  d. betw. 30 Apr 1509 and 19 May 1510), dau. of Sir William Baillie of Lamington by his wife Marion Seton, dau. of Sir John Seton of Seton

children

1. Alexander Sutherland, Master of Sutherland (b. in or bef. 1433; dvp. bef. 22 Feb 1455/6)

2. John Sutherland, later 8th Earl of Sutherland

3. Nicholas Sutherland (d. after May 1448)

4. Thomas Sutherland

5. Robert Sutherland  (living 3 Feb 1444/5)

1. Lady Janet Sutherland (d. c. 1512), mar. c. 1480 Alexander Dunbar of Altcash (d. betw. 25 and 31 March 1498), brother of Gavin Dunbar, Bishop of Aberdeen, and 3rd son of Sir Alexander Dunbar of Westfield, and had issue

died

c. 1460

suc. by

son

note

knighted by his uncle, Alexander [Stewart], Earl of Mar, at the Siege of Liége 1408; in 1427 he was one of the hostages for the payment of the ransom of King James I and was confined at Pontefract Castle; he resigned the Earldom in to the hands of King James II on 22 Feb 1455/6, who next day re-granted it to John, Master of Sutherland

 

John [Sutherland], 8th Earl of Sutherland

born

mar. (1)

..... ....., murdered by a robber just after she had escaped drowning while crossing the ferry at Unes (d. in or bef. 1490)

children by first wife

1. John Sutherland, later 9th Earl of Sutherland

1. Lady Elizabeth Sutherland, later suo jure Countess of Sutherland

mar. (2)

Fingole Munro (widow of John Munro, 11th of Foulis), and dau. of Sir William Calder of Calder

mar. (3)

Catherine .....

died

c. 1508

suc. by

son by first wife

note

granted the Earldom of Sutherland 23 Feb 1455/6 following his father's resignation of the Earldom; as he became older he became more quarrelsome and violent, especially with his neighbours, this resulting in a brieve of idiotcy being issued by King James IV in 1494 along with the appointment of a tutor or mentor, Sir James Dunbar of Cumnock

 

John [Sutherland], 9th Earl of Sutherland

born

died

Jul 1514

suc. by

sister

 

Lady Elizabeth Sutherland, suo jure Countess of Sutherland

born

mar.

c. 1500 her second cousin Adam Gordon of Aboyne, later jure uxoris Earl of Sutherland (b. bef. 14 Oct 1474; d. 17 Mar 1537/8), 2nd son of George [Gordon], 2nd Earl of Huntly, by his second wife the Princess Annabella, 6th dau. of James I, King of Scotland

children

1. Hon Alexander Gordon, Master of Sutherland (b. c. 1501; dvm. and sp. 15 Jan 1529/30), mar. c. 16 Jun 1520 Lady Janet Stewart (mar. (2) bef. 15 May 1532 Sir Hugh Kennedy of Girvanmains;  mar. (3) bef. 4 Nov 1544 as his second wife Henry [Stewart], 1st Lord Methven;  mar. (4) after 9 Apr 1557 as his second wife Patrick [Ruthven], 3rd Lord Ruthven), 1st dau. of John [Stewart], 2nd Earl of Atholl, by his wife Lady Janes Campbell, 3rd dau. of Archibald [Campbell], 2nd Earl of Argyll, and had issue:

1a. Hon John Sutherland, later 11th Earl of Sutherland

2a. Hon Alexander Gordon of Kintessock (d. 1552)

3a. Hon William Gordon

1a. Lady Janet Gordon, mar. Sir Patrick Dunbar of Westfield and Cumnock

2a. Lady Beatrice Gordon, mar. William Sinclair of Dunbeath

2. Hon John Gordon of Tillichaudie, mar., and had issue

3. Hon Adam Gordon of Ferrar, killed at the Battle of Pinkie (d. Sep 1547)

4. Hon Gilbert Gordon of Garty (d. after 1563), mar. Isabel Sinclair, dau. of Alexander Sinclair of Dunbeath, and had issue

1. Lady Beatrix Gordon, mar. ..... ..... of Gormack

2. Lady Eleanor Gordon, mar. (1) ..... Gordon of Tilliwhoudie, and (2) George Gordon of Craig

3. Lady Elizabeth Gordon, mar. ..... ..... of Lethintie

4. Lady ..... Gordon, mar. ..... ..... of Leys and Birkenbog

died

Sep 1535

suc. by

grandson

note

resigned the Earldom of Sutherland to her eldest son, Alexander. and his heirs 1527, reserving the liferent therein for the lives of both herself and her husband and for the longer liver of the two, and received a charter from the Crown confirming the resignation

 

John [Gordon], 11th Earl of Sutherland

born

mar. (1)

betw. 21 Nov 1545 and 12 Jun 1546 his first cousin once removed Lady Elizabeth Stewart (widow of James [Stewart], 1st Earl of Moray;  dsp. bef. 15 May 1548), 1st dau. of Colin [Campbell], 3rd Earl of Argyll, by his wife Lady Jane Gordon, 1st dau. by his first wife of Alexander [Gordon], 3rd Earl of Huntly

mar. (2)

5 Apr 1548 his first cousin once removed Lady Helen Hay (widow of William [Hay], 6th Earl of Erroll;  d. bef. 25 Nov 1564), only dau. of John [Stewart], 3rd or 12th Earl of Lennox, by his wife Lady Anne Stewart, 7th dau. by his second wife of John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl

children by second wife

1. Hon John Gordon (d. young)

2. Hon Alexander Gordon, later 12th Earl of Sutherland

1. Lady Margaret Gordon (d. unm.)

2. Lady Jean Gordon (d. Jan 1584), mar. (1) Alexander Innes, 18th of that Ilk, and (2) Hon Thomas Gordon, 9th son of George [Gordon], 4th Earl of Huntly, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Keith, sister of William [Keith], 3rd Earl Marischal, and 1st dau. of Hon Robert Keith, styled Lord Keith (by his wife Lady Elizabeth Douglas, 1st dau. of John [Douglas], 2nd Earl of Morton), 1st son and heir ap. of William [Keith], 2nd Earl Marischal

3. Lady Eleanor Gordon (d. unm.)

mar. (3)

c. 1564 Hon Marion Graham (widow of John [Graham], 4th Earl of Menteith;  d. 23 Jun 1567), 1st dau. of George [Seton], 4th Lord Seton, by his first wife Hon Elizabeth Hay, 1st dau. by his first wife of John [Hay], 3rd Lord Hay of Yester

died

23 Jun 1567

suc. by

son by 2nd wife

note

his wardship and marriage were granted to the Earl of Huntly and after his grandfather's death to Sir John Campbell of Cawdor; he supported the French interest in Scotland and sided with the Catholic Lords, though generally following the somewhat tortuous policies of his cousin, George, Earl of Huntly; Joint Keeper with his first wife of the Castle of Dernway and Baillie of the Earldom of Moray 1546; Lieutenant North of the Spey 1547; fought at the Battle of Pinkie 1547; accompanied the Dowager Queen of Scotland to France 1550; a Lord of the Articles 1558 and joined the Lords of the Congregation 1560, being wounded in a skirmish against the French two days later; he was in personal attendance on Queen Mary after her return from France 1561, but had knowledge of Huntly's rebellion in 1562 and along with Huntly's corpse was found guilty of treason 1563, thereby forfeiting all his titles and lands; he escaped to Flanders and remained until recalled by the Queen in 1565, when his forfeiture was reversed; he was at the Palace of Holyrood on the night of Rizzio's murder 1566; a supporter of the Earl of Bothwell, he was a witness to the marriage of Bothwell and Queen Mary only a month before the death of himself and his wife from the effects of poison administered by his aunt Isabel, wife of George Gordon of Garty, on the instigation of her cousin George, Earl of Caithness, who was feuding with Earl John

 

Alexander [Gordon], 12th Earl of Sutherland

born

1552

mar. (1)

c. 1567 (div. 30 Jun 1572) Lady Beatrix Sinclair (d. 1573), 1st dau. of his guardian George [Sinclair], 4th Earl of Caithness, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Graham, 2nd dau. of William [Graham], 2nd Earl of Montrose

mar. (2)

13 Dec 1573 his third cousin Lady Jane Hepburn (b. 1546; former wife of James [Hepburn], 4th Earl of Bothwell later 1st Duke of Orkney;  mar. (3) after 10 Dec 1599 Alexander Ogilvie of Boyne;  d. 14 May 1629), 3rd dau. of George [Gordon], 4th Earl of Huntly, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Keith, sister of William [Keith], 3rd Earl Marischal, and 1st dau. of Hon Robert Keith, styled Lord Keith (by his wife Lady Elizabeth Douglas, 1st dau. of John [Douglas], 2nd Earl of Morton), 1st son and heir ap. of William [Keith], 2nd Earl Marischal

children by second wife

1. Hon John Gordon, later 13th Earl of Sutherland

2. Hon Alexander Gordon (d. young)

3. Hon Adam Gordon (d. young)

4. Hon Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun, 1st Bt. cr. a Baronet of Nova Scotia 28 May 1625 (b. 14 May 1580; d. Mar 1656), mar. 16 Feb 1613 Louisa Gordon, only dau. and hrss. of Very Rev John Gordon, Dean of Salisbury, and had issue

5. Hon Sir Alexander Gordon (b. 5 Mar 1585), mar. Margaret Macleod of Assynt, and had issue

1. Lady Jane Gordon (b. 1 Nov 1574), mar. Dec 1589 Hugh Mackay of Farr, and had issue

2. Lady Mary Gordon (b. 14 Aug 1582; dsp. 1605), mar. after 21 Feb 1597/8 David Ross of Balnagown

died

6 Dec 1594

suc. by

son by second wife

note

narrowly avoided his parents' fate in 1567 but his wardship was bought by George, Earl of Caithness, who had probably been behind hid parents' murder; he escaped from the Earl of Caithness in 1569; he had signed the Hamilton bond in 1568 but submitted to the Regent, the Earl of Moray, in 1569; he was present at the Parliament held at Stirling in 1571, when he and other nobles were seized by the Earl of Huntly in his raid on the town and the new Regent, the Duke of Lennox, slain; resigned the Earldom of Sutherland to his son and heir apparent, with reservation of the liferent to himself, 1581; after this he took little part in public life, being generally at feud with the Earl of Caithness; Hereditary Sheriff of Inverness with Sutherland

 

John [Gordon], 13th Earl of Sutherland

born

20 Jul 1576

mar.

5 Feb 1599/1600 Hon Agnes Elphinstone (b. 27 Oct 1579; d. 18 Sep 1617), 1st dau. of Alexander [Elphinstone], 4th Lord Elphinstone, by his wife Hon Jean Livingston, 1st dau. of William [Livingston], 6th Lord Livingston

children

1. Hon Patrick Gordon, Master of Sutherland (b. 1604; dvp. an infant)

2. Hon Alexander Gordon, Master of Sutherland (dvp. an infant)

3. Hon Robert Gordon, Master of Sutherland (dvp. an infant)

4. Hon John Gordon, later 14th Earl of Sutherland

5. Lt Col Hon Adam Gordon, killed in the Battle of Nordlingen during the Thirty Years' War (b. 15 May 1613; d. 27 Aug 1634)

6. Hon George Gordon (b. post. 9 Feb 1616), mar. Lady Rose MacDonnell, 3rd dau. of Randal MacSorley [MacDonnell], 1st Earl of Antrim, by his wife and cousin Lady Alice O'Neill, dau. of Hugh [O'Neill], 2nd Earl of Tyrone, by his second wife Joanna O'Donnell, dau. of Hugh McManus O'Donnell

1. Lady Jane Gordon (bapt. 30 Jun 1601; dvp. an infant)

2. Lady Elizabeth Gordon, mar. 25 Feb 1619 James Crichton of Frendraught, and had issue

3. Lady Anne Gordon, drowned in a shipwreck off the coast of Holland (d. Jul 1648), mar. Dec 1623 Sir Gilbert Menzies of Pitfodels, and had issue

4. Lady Mary Gordon (b. 19 Nov 1614; dvp. 2 Feb 1615)

died

11 Sep 1615

suc. by

son

note

on 29 Apr 1601 he obtained a novodamus of the Earldom in favour, failing heirs male of his body, of his brothers Robert and Alexander Gordon, and their issue male, with an extended remainder to Lord Adam Gordon, 3rd son of George [Gordon], 1st Marquess of Huntly, and his heirs male whatsoever; by the same charter the Earldom of Sutherland was again erected into a Regality; like his father he was often at feud with the Earl of Caithness

 

John [Gordon], 14th Earl of Sutherland, PC

born

9 Mar 1608/9

mar. (1)

19 Feb 1632 Lady Jean Drummond (d. 29 Dec 1637), only child of James [Drummond], 1st Earl of Perth, by his wife Lady Isabel Seton, only dau. of Robert [Seton], 1st Earl of Winton

children by first wife

1. Hon John Gordon, styled Lord Strathnaver (b. 21 Nov 1632; dvp. 14 Oct 1637)

2. Hon George Gordon, later 15th Earl of Sutherland

3. Hon Robert Gordon (b. 31 Dec 1635; dsp. 1671), mar. after 14 Nov 1665 Hon Jane Mackay (mar. (2) Mar 1676 Hugh Mackay of Strathy), only dau. of John [Mackay], 2nd Lord Reay, by his first wife Lady Isabella Sinclair, 2nd dau. of George [Sinclair], 5th Earl of Caithness

1. Lady Jean Gordon (b. 10 Oct 1634), mar. after 11 Jul 1657 Capt Robert Stewart of Eday, and had issue

mar. (2)

24 Jan 1639 Hon Anne Fraser (b. 1619; dsp. 23 Jul 1658), 2nd dau. of Hugh [Fraser], 7th Lord Lovat, by his wife Isabel Wemyss, sister of John [Wemyss], 1st Earl of Wemyss, and 3rd dau. by his second wife of Sir John Wemyss of Wemyss

died

1663

suc. by

son by first wife

note

under the guardianship of his uncle, Sir Robert Gordon of Gordonstoun; Hereditary Sheriff of Sutherland under a new charter from 1641; the first to sign the Covenant 1637/8; Privy Councillor [S] 1641

 

George [Gordon], 15th Earl of Sutherland, PC

born

2 Nov 1633

mar.

11 Aug 1659 Lady Jean Douglas (b. 19 Jun 1629; widow of Lord Archibald Douglas, styled Earl of Angus, 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of William [Douglas], 1st Marquess of Douglas;  d. 5 Jan 1714/5), only surv. child of David [Wemyss], 2nd Earl of Wemyss, by his first wife Hon Jean Balfour, 1st dau. of Hon Margaret Balfour, suo jure Lady Balfour of Burleigh

children

1. Hon John Gordon later Sutherland, later 16th Earl of Sutherland

2. Hon David Gordon (b. 22 Dec 1670)

1. Lady Anne Gordon (d. Jun 1695), mar. 3 May 1683 Robert [Arbuthnott], 3rd Viscount of Arbuthnott, and had issue

2. Lady Jean Gordon (b. 24 Apr 665 ; d. bef. 1680)

died

4 Mar 1702/3

suc. by

son

 

John [Gordon later Sutherland], 16th Earl of Sutherland, KT

bapt.

3 Mar 1661

mar. (1)

28 Apr 1680 Lady Helen Cochrane (d. bef. 22 Jul 1690), sister of John [Cochrane], 2nd Earl of Dundonald, and 2nd dau. of Hon William Cochrane, styled Lord Cochrane (by his wife Lady Katharine Kennedy, 2nd dau. by his first wife of John [Kennedy], 6th Earl of Cassillis), 1st son of William [Cochrane], 1st Earl of Dundonald, by his wife Eupheme Scott, dau. of Sir William Scott of Ardross, co. Fife

children by first wife

1. Col Hon William Sutherland, styled Lord Strathnaver, Member of Parliament (Whig) for Wick Burghs 1708-09 (b. bef. 19 Dec 1683; dvp. 19 Jul 1720), mar. 9 Oct 1705 Catherine Morison (d. 21 Mar 1765), 1st dau. of William Morison of Prestongrange MP, and had issue:

1a. Hon John Sutherland, Master of Strathnaver later styled Lord Strathnaver (b. Nov 1706; bur. 13 Dec 1720)

2a. Hon William Sutherland, later 17th Earl of Sutherland

3a. Hon George Sutherland (b. Jul 1711; dvp. Jul 1714)

4a. Hon Alexander Sutherland (b. Jul 1712; dvp. bef. 18 May 1713)

5a. Hon Charles Sutherland (b. Aug 1713; d. Aug 1732)

6a. Hon George Sutherland (b. Sep 1714; d. 18 Mar 1736)

7a. Hon Robert Sutherland (b. Oct 1715; dvp. young)

8a. Hon Frederick Sutherland (b. Sep 1718; dvp. an infant)

1a. Lady Helen Sutherland (b. 8 Apr 1717; d. 7 Jan 1791), mar. 12 Apr 1740 Sir James Colquhoun of Colquhoun and Luss, 1st Bt., and had issue

2a. Lady Janet Sutherland (b. bef. 16 May 1720; d. 9 Jun 1795), mar. 24 Oct 1740 George Sinclair of Ulbster, and had issue

1. Lady Jean Sutherland (d. 11 Feb 1747), mar. after 31 Aug 1702 Hon James Maitland, styled Viscount Maitland (b. c. 1680; dvp. and spm. 1709), 1st son and heir ap. of John [Maitland], 5th Earl of Lauderdale, by his wife Lady Margaret Cunningham, only child and hrss. of Alexander [Cunningham], 10th Earl of Glencairn, and had issue

2. Lady Helen Sutherland (d. 19 Sep 1749)

3. Hon ...... Sutherland (dvp. young 1686)

mar. (2)

Lady Catherine Stuart (widow of Hon James Stuart, styled Lord Doune, 1st son and heir ap. of Alexander [Stuart], 5th Earl of Moray;  d. 1703), 2nd dau. of Sir Lionel Tollemache, 3rd Bt., of Helmingham Hall, co. Suffolk, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Murray, suo jure Countess of Dysart

mar. (3)

12 Aug 1727 Frances Travell (widow of Sir John Travell, of Milborne Weeke, co. Somerset;  dsp. 20 Dec 1732)

died

27 Jun 1733

suc. by

grandson

note

obtained a novodamus 29 Mar 1706 after resignation of the Earldom in favour of his son and himself and the heirs male of their respective bodies, which failing to the heirs female thereof without division, which failing to the Earl's heirs general

 

William [Sutherland], 17th Earl of Sutherland

born

2 Oct 1708

mar.

2 Apr 1734 his second cousin once removed Lady Elizabeth Wemyss (d. 20 Feb 1747), 1st dau. of David [Wemyss], 4th Earl of Wemyss, by his third wife Hon Elizabeth St Clair, 4th dau. of Henry [St Clair], 10th Lord Sinclair

children

1. Hon William Sutherland, later 18th Earl of Sutherland

1. Lady Elizabeth Sutherland (d. 24 Jan 1803), mar. 29 Aug 1757 her half-cousin Hon James Wemyss of Wemyss, Member of Parliament for Sutherland (b. 23 Feb 1726; d. 10 May 1786), 3rd son of James [Wemyss], 5th Earl of Wemyss, by his wife Janet Charteris, only dau. and hrss. of Col Francis Charteris of Amisfield, and had issue

died

7 Dec 1750

suc. by

son

 

William [Sutherland], 18th Earl of Sutherland

born

29 May 1735

mar.

14 Apr 1761 Mary Maxwell (d. 1 Jun 1766), 1st dau. and cohrss. of William Maxwell, of Preston, Kirkcudbright, by his wife Elizabeth Hairstanes, dau. of William Hairstanes of Craigs, co. Kirkcudbright

children

1. Lady Catherine Sutherland (b. 24 May 1764; dvp. 3 Jan 1766)

2. Lady Elizabeth Sutherland, later suo jure Countess of Sutherland

died

s.p.m. 16 Jun 1766

suc. by

daughter

 

Lady Elizabeth Sutherland, suo jure Countess of Sutherland

born

24 May 1765

mar.

4 Sep 1785 George Granville [Leveson-Gower], 1st Duke of Sutherland, only son of Granville [Leveson-Gower], 1st Marquess of Stafford, by his second wife Lady Louisa Egerton, 1st dau. and event. cohrss. in her issue by his second wife of Scrope [Egerton], 1st Duke of Bridgewater

children

1. Lord George Granville Leveson-Gower, later 2nd Duke of Sutherland and 20th Earl of Sutherland

2. Hon William Leveson-Gower (b. 4 Jun 1792; dvp. 14 Sep 1793)

3. Lord Francis Leveson-Gower later Egerton, later 1st Earl of Ellesmere

4. Hon Henry Leveson-Gower (b. 17 Jun 1801; dvp. an infant)

5. Hon William John Leveson-Gower (b. 5 May 1803 ; dvp. 17 Jun 1804)

1. Lady Charlotte Sophia Leveson-Gower (b. 8 Jun 1788;  d. 7 Jul 1870), mar. 27 Dec 1814 Henry Charles [Howard], 13th Duke of Norfolk, and had issue

2. Lady Elizabeth Mary Leveson-Gower (b. 8 Nov 1797;  d. 11 Nov 1891), mar. 16 Sep 1819 Richard [Grosvenor], 2nd Marquess of Westminster, and had issue

died

29 Jan 1839

suc. by

son

note

her succession to the title was confirmed 21 Mar 1771 by a decision of the House of Lords

 

George Granville [Leveson-Gower later Sutherland-Leveson-Gower], 5th Baron Gower later 2nd Duke of Sutherland and 20th Earl of Sutherland, KG

note

sum. to Parliament v.p. in his father's Barony of Gower 22 Nov 1826; suc. his father 19 Jul 1833 as 2nd Duke of Sutherland and his mother 29 Jan 1839 as 20th Earl of Sutherland

 

The Earldom of Sutherland was held by the Dukes of Sutherland from 29 Jan 1839 until 1 Feb 1963, when on the death of George Granville [Sutherland-Leveson-Gower], 5th Duke of Sutherland, 23rd Earl of Sutherland, etc., the Dukedom of Sutherland passed to the male heir, a third cousin once removed, and the Earldom of Sutherland passed to his first cousin and heiress of line,

 

Elizabeth Millicent Sutherland-Leveson-Gower later Sutherland, suo jure Countess of Sutherland

only child of Lord Alastair St Clair Sutherland-Leveson-Gower MC (by his wife Elizabeth Helene Demarest, dau. of Warren Gardener Demarest, of New York), 2nd son of Cromartie [Sutherland-Leveson-Gower], 4th Duke of Sutherland, 22nd Earl of Sutherland, etc.

born

30 Mar 1921

mar.

5 Jan 1946 Capt Charles Noel Janson (b. 25 Dec 1917), 1st son of Capt Charles Wilfrid Janson, of Wilton Crescent, Belgravia, London, by his wife Nora Cook, dau. of Arthur Cook, of Aigburth, co. Lancaster

children

1. Hon Alistair Charles St Clair Sutherland, Master of Sutherland, styled Lord Strathnaver (b. 7 Jan 1947), mar. (1) 29 Nov 1968 (div. 1980) Eileen Elizabeth Baker, only dau. of Richard Wheeler Baker, Jr., of Princeton, New Jersey, USA, and has issue:

1a. Hon Rachel Elizabeth Sutherland (b. 10 Aug 1970)

2a. Hon Rosemary Millicent Sutherland (b. 10 Sep 1972)

Lord Strathnaver mar. (2) 21 Mar 1980 Gillian Murray, 1st dau. of Robert Murray, of Gourock, co. Renfrew, and has issue:

1a. Hon Alexander Charles Robert Sutherland, Master of Strathnaver (b. 1 Oct 1981)

3a. Hon Elizabeth Sutherland (b. 24 Apr 1984)

2. Hon Martin Dearman Sutherland Janson (b. 7 Jan 1947), mar. 14 Feb 1974 Hon Mary Ann Balfour (b. 22 Jul 1949), only dau. of Harold Harington [Balfour], 1st Baron Balfour of Inchyre, by his second wife Baroness Mary Ainslie Profumo, 2nd dau. of Baron Albert Peter Anthony Profumo, of Avon Carron, Avon Dassett, co. Warwick, and has issue

3. Hon Matthew Peter Demarest Sutherland (b. 8 Apr 1955; dvm. 5 Dec 1969)

1. Lady Annabel Elizabeth Helene Sutherland (b. 16 May 1952), mar. 29 Oct 1982 John Vernon Bainton, of Darling Point, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia, only son of Richard Bainton, of Point Piper, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

 

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Titles:

Countess of Sutherland (24th in line)

(Scotland, let. pat. 1235)

Lady Strathnaver (24th in line)

(Scotland, let. pat. 1235)

Chief of Clan Sutherland

 

Addresses:

39 Edwardes Square, London W8 6JH

House of Tongue, By Lairg, Sutherland IV27 4XH

Dunrobin Castle, Golspie, Sutherland

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