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Scrope of Bolton, Baron (E, 1371 - 1630)

 

Creation: writ sum. 8 Jan 1370/1

 

Extinct: 30 May 1630

 

Family name: Scrope

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Garter stall plate of John [Scrope], 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG

A somewhat thin quadrangular gilt plate with a narrow twisted red border. The arms are:

Quarterly: 1st and 4th, Azure a Bend Or (for Scrope); 2nd and 3rd, Argent a Saltire engrailed

Gules (for Tiptoft). The helm is silver with black sight, and shoulder piece garnished gold with

red rings and lines, with a blue mantling with dagged edges, lined ermine and tasselled gold

and red. The crest is out of a Crown Or a Bush of Feathers Azure. The blue enamel was

intended to be translucent, but through insufficient fusion it is in parts semi-crystalline and of

varying degrees of intensity.

 

(Plate LXX from W H St John Hope: The Stall Plates of the Knights of the Garter 1348-1485)

 

Arms:

See Earl of Sunderland

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Richard [Scrope], 1st Baron Scrope of Bolton

brother and heir of William le Scrope, of Bolton, co. York, and 3rd son of Sir Henry le Scrope, of Bolton, co. York, Chief Justice of the King's Bench, by his wife Cecily .....

born

c. 1327

mar.

bef. 21 Feb 1351/2 Blanche de la Pole (d. after 1378), sister of Michael [de la Pole], 1st Earl of Suffolk, and 1st dau. of Sir William de la Pole MP, of Kingston-upon-Hull, co. York, Baron of the Exchequer, by his wife Catherine de Norwich, dau. of Sir Walter de Norwich, Chief Baron of the Exchequer

children

1. Sir William Scrope KG, later 1st Earl of Wiltshire

2. Sir Roger Scrope, later 2nd Baron Scrope of Bolton

3. Sir Stephen Scrope, of Bentley, co. York, and Castlecombe, co. Wiltshire (d. 4 Sep 1408), mar. Milicent Tybotot, heiress of Castlecombe , co. Wiltshire, and Oxenden, co. Gloucester (mar. (2) Sir John Fastolf KG), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Robert [Tybotot], 3rd Baron Tybotot, by his wife Margaret [Deincourt], dau. of William [Deincourt], 2nd Baron Deincourt, and had issue

4. Richard Scrope, of Langley, co. Durham (d. young)

died

30 May 1403

created

by writ 8 Jan 1370/1 Baron Scrope of Bolton

suc. by

son

note

 

Roger [Scrope], 2nd Baron Scrope of Bolton

born

bef. 1373

mar.

bef. 23 Nov 1385 Margaret Tybotot, heiress of Langar, co. Nottingham (mar. (2) c. 1405 John Niandser; d. bef. 14 May 1431), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Robert [Tybotot], 3rd Baron Tybotot, by his wife Margaret Deincourt, dau. of William [Deincourt], 2nd Baron Deincourt

children

1. Sir Richard Scrope, later 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton

2. Thomas Scrope (d. after 1448)

1. Maud Scrope

died

3 Dec 1403

suc. by

son

note

 

Richard [Scrope], 3rd Baron Scrope of Bolton

born

31 May 1394

mar.

bef. 31 Dec 1413 Lady Margaret Nevile (mar. (2) bef. 5 Nov 1427 William Cressener, of Sudbury, co. Suffolk; d. betw. 4 Mar 1463/4 and 3 Mar 1464/5), 6th dau. of Ralph [Nevile], 1st Earl of Westmorland, by his first wife Lady Margaret de Stafford, 1st dau. of Hugh [de Stafford], 2nd Earl of Stafford

children

1. Sir Henry Scrope, later 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton

2. Richard Scrope, Bishop of Carlisle 1464-68 (b. 1419; d. 10 May 1468)

died

29 Aug 1420

suc. by

son

note

 

Henry [Scrope], 4th Baron Scrope of Bolton

born

4 Jun 1418

mar.

1435 Elizabeth Scrope (d. aft. 20 Oct 1498), 4th dau. of John [Scrope], 4th Baron Scrope of Masham, by his wife Elizabeth Chaworth, dau. of Sir Thomas Chaworth, of Wiverton, co. Nottingham

children

1. Sir John Scrope, later 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton

2. Sir Richard Scrope, of Upsall, co. York (d. bef. 28 Jun 1485), mar. after 27 Nov 1467 Eleanor Washbourne (mar. (2) as his second wife Sir John Wyndham, of Felbrigge, co. Norfolk; d. bef. Jan 1505/6), dau. of Norman Washbourne, and had issue:

1a. Stephen Scrope (dsp.)

1a. Elizabeth Scrope (dsp. 26 Jun 1537), mar. (1) 24 Apr 1486 as his second wife William [Beaumont], 2nd Viscount Beaumont, and (2) betw. 28 Nov 1508 and 10 Apr 1509 as his second wife John [de Vere], 13th Earl of Oxford

2a. Eleanor Scrope, mar. as his first wife Sir Thomas Wyndham, of Felbrigge, co. Norfolk (d. bef. 4 Mar 1522), and had issue

3a. Mary Scrope (d. 15 Aug 1528), mar. (1) Sir Edward Jerningham, of Somerleyton, co. Suffolk (d. 6 Jan 1515), and (2) Sir William Kingston KG, Constable of the Tower of London (d. 15 Sep 1540), and had issue by her first husband

4a. Katherine Scrope, mar. Richard Audley, of Swaffham, co. Norfolk

5a. Jane Scrope, mar. Thomas Brewes, of Wenham, co. Suffolk

6a. Margaret Scrope (d. Feb 1515/6), mar. bef. 10 Oct 1496 Edmund [de la Pole], 6th Earl of Suffolk formerly 3rd Duke of Suffolk, and had issue

3. Ralph Scrope, Archdeacon of Northumberland 1493-1516 (d. 20 Mar 1516)

4. Robert Scrope, of Hambleden, co. Buckingham (d. 25 Aug 1500), mar. Katherine Zouche, and had issue:

1a. Elizabeth Scrope, mar. Sir John Percehay

2a. Anne Scrope, mar. Thomas Redman, of Bassall

3a. Margaret Scrope, a nun

4a. Agnes Scrope

1. Agnes Scrope, mar. (1) Sir Christopher Boynton, of Sudbury, and (2) Sir Richard Radclyffe KG (d. 21 Aug 1485)

2. Elizabeth Scrope (d. 12 Jun 1503), mar. (1) Sir John Bigod, of Settrington, co. York, (2) Henry Rochford, of Stoke Rochford, co. Lincoln, and (3) Oliver St John, of Lydiard Tregoze, co. Wiltshire (d. bef. 10 Apr 1497), 2nd son of Sir Oliver St John, of Bletso, co. Bedford, and has issue by her third husband

3. Margaret Scrope, mar. (1) William Plessington, (2) Hugh Stafford, and (3) John Bernard, of Abingdon, co. Northampton (d. 1486)

died

14 Jan 1458/9

suc. by

son

note

 

John [Scrope], 5th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG

born

22 Jul 1437

mar. (1)

(disp. 1447) Joan FitzHugh (d. bef. 1470), 7th dau. of William [FitzHugh], 4th Baron FitzHugh, by his wife Margery de Willoughby, dau. by his first wife of William [de Willoughby], 5th Baron Willoughby de Eresby

children by first wife

1. Sir Henry Scrope, later 6th Baron Scrope of Bolton

1. Mary Scrope, mar. after 21 Jun 1479 as his first wife William [Conyers], 1st Baron Conyers

mar. (2)

bef. 10 Dec 1471 Elizabeth la Zouche (widow of William [la Zouche], 5th Baron Zouche of Haryngworth; d. before 3 Jul 1494), dau. of Sir Oliver St John by his wife Margaret Beauchamp, de jure suo jure Baroness Beauchamp of Bletso, sister and hrss. of John [Beauchamp], 4th Baron Beauchamp of Bletso, and only dau. of John [Beauchamp], 3rd Baron Beauchamp of Bletso

mar. (3)

aft. 9 Feb 1490/1 Anne Wingfield (widow of (1) Sir William Chamberlayne KG, and (2) Sir Robert Wingfield MP, Controller of the Household; d. 18 Sep 1498), dau. and hrss. of Sir Robert Harling, of East Harling, co. Norfolk, by his wife Jane Gunville, dau. and hrss. of Edmund Gunville

died

17 Aug 1498

suc. by

son by first wife

note

 

Henry [Scrope], 6th Baron Scrope of Bolton

born

c. 1468

mar.

Lady Elizabeth Percy (d. aft. 20 May 1512), 1st dau. of Henry [Percy], 2nd Earl of Northumberland, by his wife Eleanor de Poynings, suo jure Baroness Poynings, dau. and hrss. of Sir Richard de Poynings (by his second wife Elizabeth FitzAlan or Arundel, widow of John [FitzAlan or Arundel], 13th or 6th Earl of Arundel, and dau. of Sir John Berkeley, of Beverston, co. Gloucester), son and heir ap. by his first wife of Robert [de Poynings], 4th Baron Poynings

children

1. Sir Henry Scrope, later 7th Baron Scrope of Bolton

2. John Scrope, of Spennithorne, co. York, and Hambleden, co. Buckingham (b. bef. 1498; d. bef. 27 Nov 1547), mar. Phyllis Rokeby, dau. of Ralph Rokeby, of Rokeby and Mortham, by his wife Margery Danby, dau. of Robert Danby, of Danby, co. York, and had issue:

1a. Henry Scrope (d. 10 May 1591), mar. after 14 Aug 1567 Elizabeth Conyers (d. 3 Mar 1609), dau. and hrss. of Simon Conyers, of Danby Castle, co. York, by his wife Elizabeth Fulthorpe, dau. and hrss. of Thomas Fulthorpe, of Hipswell, co. York, and from whom is descended the Scropes of Spennithorne and of Danby Castle

2a. Ralph Scrope, of Hambleden, co. Buckingham, and of Cockerington, co. Lincoln (d. 1572), mar. bef. 22 Jul 1560 Hon Elizabeth Paulet (widow of (1) Hon Henry Sandys, 1st son of Thomas [Sandys], 2nd Baron Sandys, and (2) Sir George Paulet, of Crondall), dau. of William [Windsor], 2nd Baron Windsor, and from whom is descended the Scropes of Cockerington

3a. Adrian Scrope, ancestor of the Protestant Scropes of Wormsley

1. Elizabeth Scrope, mar. c. 8 Aug 1498 Sir Brian Stapleton, of Carlton, co. York (d. 20 Mar 1550/1), and had issue

2. Anne Scrope, mar. c. 1510 John Vavasour, of Hazlewood, co. York (d. Aug 1524), and had issue

3. Agnes Scrope, mar. Thomas Ryther, of Harewood. co. York

4. Eleanor Scrope

5. Katherine Scrope

died

1506

suc. by

son

note

 

Henry [Scrope], 7th Baron Scrope of Bolton

born

c. 1480

mar. (1)

bef. 20 Apr 1494 Alice le Scrope, de jure Baroness Scrope of Masham (dsps. c. 1510), only child of Thomas [le Scrope], 6th Baron Scrope of Masham, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Neville, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of John [Neville], 1st Marquess of Montagu

children by first wife

1. Hon Alice Scrope (dvm. an infant)

2. Hon Elizabeth Scrope (dvm. an infant)

mar. (2)

Hon Mabel Dacre (d. aft. Dec 1533), 2nd dau. of Thomas [Dacre], 2nd Baron Dacre of Gilsland, by his wife Elizabeth de Greystock, suo jure Baroness Greystock, only dau. and sole hrss. of Sir Robert de Greystock (by his second wife Lady Elizabeth Grey, 1st dau. of Edmund [Grey], 1st Earl of Kent), 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of Ralph [de Greystock], 5th Baron Greystock

children by second wife

1. Hon Henry Scrope (dvp. 25 Mar 1525)

2. Hon Richard Scrope (dvp. 28 Jul 1525)

3. Hon Sir John Scrope, later 8th Baron Scrope of Bolton

1. Hon Joan Scrope, mar. John [Lumley], 5th and 4th Baron Lumley, and had issue

died

c. Dec 1533

suc. by

son by second wife

note

 

John [Scrope], 8th Baron Scrope of Bolton

born

mar.

c. 1530 Lady Katherine Clifford (mar. (2) as his second wife Sir Richard Cholmley MP, of Roxby, Thornton and Whitby Abbey, co. York; d. 1598), 1st dau. of Henry [Clifford], 1st Earl of Cumberland, by his second wife Lady Margaret Percy, only dau. of Henry Algernon [Percy], 4th Earl of Northumberland

children

1. Hon John Scrope (dvpsp.)

2. Hon Henry Scrope, later 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton

3. Hon George Scrope (dsp.)

4. Hon Edward Scrope (dsp.)

5. Hon Thomas Scrope (dsp.)

1. Hon Margaret Scrope, mar. Sir John Constable, of Burton Constable, co. York (d. 25 May 1579), and had issue

2. Hon Elizabeth Scrope (bur. 6 Nov 1620), mar. Thomas Pudsey, of Barforth, co. York (d. 4 Sep 1576), and had issue

3. Hon Eleanor Scrope (dsp. bef. 1578), mar. Sir Richard Tempest, of Bracewell, co. York

4. Hon Catherine Scrope (dsp.)

5. Hon Joan Scrope (d. young)

died

22 Jun 1549

suc. by

son

note

 

Henry [Scrope], 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG

born

c. 1534

mar. (1)

Hon Mary North (bur. spm. 27 Nov 1558), 2nd dau. of Edward [North], 1st Baron North, by his first wife Alice Squire, dau. of Oliver Squire, of Southby, co. Dorset

only child by first wife

1. Hon Mary Scrope, mar. Sir William Bowes, of Streatlam Castle, co. Durham (d. 1613), and had issue

mar. (2)

bef. 10 Sep 1565 Lady Margaret Howard (bapt. 30 Jan 1543; d. 17 Mar 1590/1), sister of Thomas [Howard], 4th Duke of Norfolk, and 3rd dau. of Lord Henry Howard KG, styled Earl of Surrey (by his wife Lady Frances de Vere, 3rd dau. by his second wife of John [de Vere], 15th Earl of Oxford), 1st son and heir ap. by his second wife of Thomas [Howard], 3rd Duke of Norfolk

children by second wife

1. Hon Thomas Scrope, later 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton

2. Hon Henry Scrope. of Easby, co. York, and Greenwich, co. Kent (dsp. 5 Oct 1625)

died

13 Jun 1592

suc. by

son by second wife

note

 

Thomas [Scrope], 10th Baron Scrope of Bolton, KG

born

c. 1567

mar.

c. 1584 Hon Philadelphia Carey, a Lady-in-Waiting to Queen Elizabeth I and to Queen Anne of Denmark (d. 8 Feb 1626/7), 2nd dau. of Henry [Carey], 1st Baron Hunsdon, by his wife Ann Morgan, dau. of Sir Thomas Morgan, of Arkestone, co. Hereford

only child

1. Hon Emanuel Scrope, later 11th Baron Scrope of Bolton later 1st Earl of Sunderland

died

2 Sep 1609

suc. by

son

note

 

Emanuel [Scrope], 11th Baron Scrope of Bolton later 1st Earl of Sunderland

created

19 Jun 1627 Earl of Sunderland

 

The Barony of Scrope of Bolton was held by the 1st Earl of Sunderland from 19 Jun 1627 until his death s.p.legit on 30 May 1630, when the Earldom of Sunderland became extinct. On his death the Barony of Scrope of Bolton became dormant if not extinct. Any right to this barony would lie with the descendants of Hon Mary Bowes, only daughter and only child by his first wife of Henry [Scrope], 9th Baron Scrope of Bolton.

 

 First written 28 Sep 2003

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