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Salisbury, Marquess of (GB, 1789)

 

Creation: let. pat. 18 Aug 1789

 

Family name: Cecil later Gascoyne-Cecil

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, barry of ten Argent and Azure over all six Escutcheons Sable three two and one each charged with a lion rampant of the first;  a Crescent for difference (Cecil);  2nd and 3rd, Argent on a Pale Sable a Conger's Head erased and erect Or charged with an Ermine Spot (Gascoyne)

Crests:

1st:  six Arrows in saltire Or barbed and flighted Argent bound together with a Belt Gules buckled and garnished Gold over the arrows a Morion Cap proper (Cecil);  2nd:  a Conger's Head erased and erect Or charged with an Ermine Spot (Gascoyne)

Supporters:

On either side a Lion Ermine

Motto:

Seo Sed Serio (Late but seriously)

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James [Cecil], 7th Earl of Salisbury later 1st Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC

1st son of James [Cecil], 6th Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Elizabeth Keet, dau. of Edward Keet, of Canterbury, co. Kent

born

4 Sep 1748

mar.

2 Dec 1773 Lady Emily Mary Hill (b. 16 Aug 1750;  d. 27 Nov 1835), 3rd dau. of Wills [Hill], 1st Marquess of Downshire, by his first wife Lady Margaret Fitzgerald, only surv. dau. of Robert [Fitzgerald], 19th Earl of Kildare

children:

1. Lord James Brownlow William Cecil later Gascoyne-Cecil, later 2nd Marquess of Salisbury

1. Lady Georgiana Cecil (b. 20 Mar 1786;  d. 18 Jan 1860), mar. 27 Feb 1816 as his second wife Henry [Wellesley], 1st Baron Cowley, and had issue

2. Lady Emily Cecil, Extra Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Adelaide (b. 14 Jul 1789;  d. 21 Jan 1858), mar. 29 May 1812 (div. 1827) as his first wife George Thomas John [Nugent], 1st Marquess of Westmeath, and had issue

3. Lady Caroline Cecil (d. young)

died

13 Jun 1823

created

18 Aug 1789 Marquess of Salisbury

suc. by

son

note

Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire 1771-1823; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Great Bedwin 1774-80 and for Launceston 1780; suc. his father 19 Sep 1780 as 7th Earl of Salisbury; Treasurer of the Household 1780-82; High Steward of Hertford 1780; Privy Councillor 1780; Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1783-1804; Knight of the Garter 1793; Joint Postmaster General 1816-23

 

James Brownlow William [Cecil later Gascoyne-Cecil],  2nd Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC

born

17 Apr 1791

mar. (1)

2 Feb 1821 Frances Mary Gascoyne (b. 25 Jan 1802;  d. 15 Oct 1839), dau. and hrss. of Bamber Gascoyne, of Childwell Hall, co. Lancaster, by his wife Sarah Bridget Frances Price, dau. of Chase Price, of Knighton

children by first wife:

1. Lord James Emilius William Evelyn Gascoyne-Cecil, styled Viscount Cranborne (b. 29 Oct 1821;  dvp. 14 Jun 1865)

2. Lord Arthur George Villiers Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 15 Dec 1823;  dvp. 25 Apr 1825)

3. Lord Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, later 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

4. Lt Col Lord Eustace Brownlow Henry Gascoyne-Cecil MP, of Lytchett Heath, Poole. co. Dorset (b. 24 Apr 1834;  d. 3 Jul 1921), mar. 18 Sep 1860 Lady Gertrude Louisa Scott (d. 30 Apr 1919), 4th dau. of John [Scott], 2nd Earl of Eldon, by his wife Hon Louisa Duncombe, 2nd surv. dau. of Charles [Duncombe], 1st Baron Feversham, and had issue

1. Lady Mildred Arabella Charlotte Gascoyne-Cecil (d. 18 Mar 1881), mar. 7 Jul 1842 Rt Hon Alexander James Beresford Beresford-Hope MP, of Bedgebury Park, co. Kent (d. 3 Sep 1887), and had issue

2. Lady Blanche Mary Harriet Gascoyne-Cecil (d. 16 May 1872), mar. 15 Aug 1843 James Maitland Balfour, of Whittinghame, East Lothian (d. 23 Feb 1856), and had issue

mar. (2)

29 Apr 1847 Lady Mary Catherine Sackville-West (b. 23 Jul 1824; mar. (2) 5 Jul 1870 Edward Henry [Smith-Stanley later Stanley], 15th Earl of Derby;  d. 6 Dec 1900), 2nd dau. of George John [West later Sackville-West], 5th Earl De La Warr, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Sackville, suo jure Baroness Buckhurst, sister and cohrss. of George John Frederick [Sackville], 4th Duke of Dorset, and 2nd dau. of John Frederick [Sackville], 3rd Duke of Dorset

children by second wife:

5. Lord Sackville Arthur Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 16 Mar 1848;  d. 29 Jan 1898)

6. Capt Lord Arthur Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 3 Jul 1851;  d. 16 Jul 1913), mar. (1) 8 Jan 1874 Elizabeth Ann Wilson (d. 11 Oct 1901), 1st dau. of Joseph Wilson, of Woodhorn Manor, co. Northumberland, and (2) 4 Nov 1902 Baroness Frederica von Klenck (mar. (2) 29 Apr 1922 Arthur Leigh Barker;  d. 17 Mar 1941), 1st dau. of Baron Otto von Klenck, of Gmunden, Austria, and had issue by his first wife

7. Lt Col Lord Lionel Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 21 Mar 1853;  d. 13 Jan 1901)

3. Lady Mary Arabella Arthur Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 26 Apr 1850;  dsp. 18 Aug 1903), mar. 25 Mar 1872 Alan Plantagenet [Stewart], 10th Earl of Galloway

4. Lady Margaret Elizabeth Gascoyne-Cecil (d. 11 Mar 1919)

died

12 Apr 1868

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Member of Parliament (Tory) for Weymouth 1813-17 and for Hertford 1817-23; a Commissioner for Indian Affairs 1818-27; took the name of Gascoyne before that of Cecil by Royal Licence 1821; High Steward of Hertford 1823; Privy Councillor 1826; Provincial Grand Master of Freemasons, co. Hertford, 1833-44 and Deputy Grand Master, United Lodge of Freemasons 1841-44; Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex 1842-68; Knight of the Garter 1842; Lord Privy Seal 1852-53;  Lord President of the Council 1858-59

 

Robert Arthur Talbot [Gascoyne-Cecil], 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, KG GCVO PC

born

3 Feb 1830

mar.

11 Jul 1857 Georgiana Charlotte Alderson VA CI (b. c.1827; d. 20 Nov 1899), 1st dau. of Sir Edward Hall Alderson, a Baron of the Exchequer, by his wife Georgina Drewe, dau. of Rev Edward Drewe, of Broadhembury, co. Devon

children:

1. Lord James Edward Hubert Gascoyne-Cecil, later 4th Marquess of Salisbury

2. Rt Rev Lord Rupert Ernest William Gascoyne-Cecil DD, Bishop of Exeter 1916-36 (b. 9 Mar 1863;  d. 23 Jun 1936), mar. 16 Aug 1887 Lady Florence Mary Bootle-Wilbraham (d. 17 May 1944), 2nd dau. of Edward [Bootle-Wilbraham], 1st Earl of Lathom, and had issue

3. Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil MP, later 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood

4. Lord Edward Herbert Gascoyne-Cecil KCMG DSO (b. 12 Jul 1867;  d. 13 Dec 1918), mar. 18 Jun 1894 Violet Georgina Maxse DGStJ (mar. (2) 26 Feb 1921 Alfred [Milner], 1st Viscount Milner;  d. 10 Oct 1958), 2nd dau. of Adm Frederick Augustus Maxse (by his wife Cecilia Steel, dau. of Gen Steel), 2nd son of James Maxse by his wife Lady Caroline Fitzhardinge Berkeley, 3rd dau. of Frederick Augustus [Berkeley], 5th Earl of Berkeley, and had issue

5. Rt Hon Lord Hugh Richard Heathcote Gascoyne-Cecil MP, later 1st Baron Quickswood

1. Lady Beatrix Maud Gascoyne-Cecil (d. 27 Apr 1950), mar. 27 Oct 1863 William Waldegrave [Palmer], 2nd Earl of Selborne, and had issue

2. Lady Gwendolen Gascoyne-Cecil (d. 28 Sep 1945)

3.Lady Fanny Georgina Mildred Gascoyne-Cecil (d. 24 Apr 1867)

died

22 Aug 1903

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Stamford 1853-68; Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery 1856-89; Secretary of State for India 1866-67 and 1874-78; Privy Councillor 1866; Chancellor of the University of Oxford 1869-1903; Foreign Secretary 1878-80, 1885-86, 1887-92 and 1895-1900;  Knight of the Garter 1878; Elder Brother of the Trinity House 1885-1903; Prime Minister 1885-86, 1886-92 and 1895-1902;  First Lord of the Treasury 1886-87; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1896-1903; High Steward of Westminster and of Great Yarmouth; Lord Privy Seal 1900-02; GCVO 1902

 

James Edward Hubert [Gascoyne-Cecil], 4th Marquess of Salisbury, KG GCVO CB PC

born

23 Oct 1861

mar.

17 May 1887 Lady Alice Cicely Gore OStJ, an Extra Lady of the Bedchamber to HM Queen Alexandra 1907-10 (b. 15 Jul 1867; d. 5 Feb 1955), 2nd dau. of Arthur Saunders William Charles Fox [Gore], 5th Earl of Arran, by his first wife Lady Edith Elizabeth Henrietta Jocelyn, sister and in her issue sole hrss. of Robert [Jocelyn], 4th Earl of Roden, and only dau. of Hon Robert Jocelyn, styled Viscount Jocelyn

children:

1. Lord Robert Arthur James Gascoyne-Cecil, later 12th Baron Cecil of Essendon later 5th Marquess of Salisbury

2. Lord Edward Christian David Gascoyne-Cecil CH (b.9 Apr 1902;  d. 1 Jan 1986), mar. 13 Oct 1932 Rachel MacCarthy (d. 29 Jul 1982), only dau. of Sir Desmond MacCarthy, and had issue

1. Lady Beatrice Edith Mildred Gascoyne-Cecil DCVO, Lady of the Bedchamber to HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother 1941, Extra Lady of the Bedchamber 1946 (b. 10 Aug 1891), mar. 12 Apr 1913 William George Arthur [Ormsby-Gore], 4th Baron Harlech, and has issue

2. Lady Mary Alice Gascoyne-Cecil GCVO CBE, Mistress of the Robes to HM the Queen 1953-66 (b. 29 Jul 1895;  d. 24 Dec 1988), mar. 21 Apr 1917 Edward William Spencer [Cavendish], 10th Duke of Devonshire, and had issue

died

4 Apr 1947

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Conservative) for North East Lancashire 1885-92 and for Rochester 1893-1903; CB 1900; Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs 1900-03; High Steward of Westminster 1903 and of Hertford 1905; ADC to the Edward VIII 1903-10 and George V 1910-29; Lord Privy Seal 1903-05 and 1924-29;  President of the Board of Trade 1905;  GCVO 1909; Knight of the Garter 1917; Lord President of the Council 1922-24; Deputy Leader of the House of Lords 1922; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1922; Lord Privy Seal 1924-29; Leader of the House of Lords 1925-29; Lord High Steward of England for the Coronation of George VI 1937

 

Robert Arthur James [Gascoyne-Cecil], 12th Baron Cecil of Essendon later 5th Marquess of Salisbury, KG PC

born

27 Aug 1893

mar.

8 Dec 1915 Elizabeth Vere Cavendish (b. 22 Jan 1897; d. 5 Jun 1982), 1st dau. of Lord Richard Frederick Cavendish (yr. brother of Victor Christian William [Cavendish], 9th Duke of Devonshire), by his wife Lady Moyra de Vere Beauclerk, 3rd dau. by his second wife of William Amelius Aubrey de Vere [Beauclerk], 10th Duke of St Albans

children:

1. Lord Robert Edward Peter Gascoyne-Cecil, later 6th Marquess of Salisbury

2. Lord Michael Charles James Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 21 Oct 1918;  d. 27 Oct 1934)

3. Lord Richard Hugh Vere Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 31 Jan 1924;  d. 12 Aug 1944)

died

23 Feb 1972

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Unionist) for South Dorset 1929-41; Parliamentary Secretary to Lord Privy Seal 1934; Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs 1935-38; Privy Councillor 1940; Paymaster-General 1940;  Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs 1940-42 and 1943-45;  sum. to the House of Lords v.p. 1941 in his father's Barony of Cecil of Essendon;  Secretary of State for the Colonies 1942;  Lord Privy Seal 1942-43 and 1951-52;  Leader of the House of Lords 1942-45 and 1951-57; Knight of the Garter 1946; High Steward of Hertford 1947; Chancellor of the University of Liverpool 1951-71; Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations 1952;  Lord President of the Council 1952-57; Acting Foreign Secretary 1953; Chancellor of the Order of the Garter 1960-72; Trustee of the National Gallery 1960-66

 

Robert Edward Peter [Gascoyne-Cecil], 6th Marquess of Salisbury

born

24 Oct 1916

mar.

18 Dec 1945 Marjorie Olein Wyndham-Quin (b. 15 Jul 1922; d. 12 Dec 2016), 2nd dau. of Capt Hon Valentine Maurice Wyndham-Quin RN, of Chieveley House, co. Berkshire (by his wife Marjorie Elizabeth Pretyman, 2nd dau. of Rt Hon Ernest George Pretyman DL, of Orwell Park and Bacton, co. Suffolk, and Riby Grove, co. Lincoln), 2nd son of Windham Henry [Wyndham-Quin], 5th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl

children:

1. Lord Robert Michael James Gascoyne-Cecil, later 13th Baron Cecil of Essendon later 7th Marquess of Salisbury

2. Lord Richard Valentine Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 26 Jan 1948;  d. 20 Apr 1978)

3. Lord Charles Edward Vere Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 13 Jul 1949), mar. 1993 Virginia Edith Zervudachi, 2nd dau. of Paul Zervudachi, of Morges, Switzerland, and Levanto, Italy

4. Maj Lord Valentine William Gascoyne-Cecil, Page of Honour to HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother 1966-67 (b. 13 May 1952)

5. Lord Henry Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 3 May 1955;  d. 6 May 1955)

6. Lord Michael Hugh Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 23 Mar 1960), mar. 1986 Camilla Julia Scott, 2nd dau. of Maj Richard Jervoise Scott, and has issue

1. Lady Rose Alice Elizabeth Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 11 Sep 1956), mar. (1) 9 Feb 1985 (div. 1992) Mark Flawn-Thomas (mar. (2) 31 Oct 1996 Hon Clare Priscilla Lowther, 2nd dau. of Nicholas James Christopher [Lowther], 2nd Viscount Ullswater), yst. son of Peter Flawn-Thomas, of Shortbridge Mill, Piltdown, co. Sussex, and (2) 9 Oct 1996 Malachy Dunne

died

11 Jul 2003

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Bournemouth West 1950-54; High Steward of Hertford 1972

 

Robert Michael James [Gascoyne-Cecil], 13th Baron Cecil of Essendon later 7th Marquess of Salisbury, KCVO

born

30 Sep 1946

mar.

7 Jan 1970 Hannah Ann Stirling, 1st dau. of Lt Col William Joseph Stirling of Keir, by his wife Susan Rachel Bligh, 2nd dau. of Lt Col Hon Noel Gervase Bligh DSO (by his first wife Mary Jack Frost, dau. of Capt George Alfred Frost), 2nd son of Ivo Francis Walter [Bligh], 8th Earl of Darnley

children:

1. Lord Robert Edward William Gascoyne-Cecil, styled Viscount Cranborne, Page of Honour to HM the Queen 1983-86 (b. 18 Dec 1970)

2. Lord James Richard Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 1973)

1. Lady Elizabeth Anne Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 30 May 1972)

2. Lady Georgiana Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 1977), mar. 14 Sep 2002 Michael James Douglas Campbell (b. 3 Nov 1970), 2nd son of Cmdr Peter Colin Drummond Campbell LVO RN, of Hollybrook House, Ramalton, co. Antrim, by his wife Lady Moyra Kathleen Hamilton CVO, 1st dau. of James Edward [Hamilton], 4th Duke of Abercorn

3. Lady Katherine Gascoyne-Cecil (b. 1977)

created

by writ of acceleration v.p. 1992 13th Baron Cecil of Essendon

17 Nov 1999 Baron Gascoyne-Cecil, of Essendon in the County of Rutland (Life Peerage)

note

Lord Privy Seal 1994-97; Chairman, Thames Diamond Jubilee Foundation; KCVO 2012

 

 Last updated 15 Jan 2017

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Titles:

7th Marquess of Salisbury

(Great Britain, let. pat. 18 Aug 1789)

13th Earl of Salisbury

(England, let. pat. 4 May 1605)

13th Viscount Cranborne

(England, let. pat. 20 Aug 1604)

13th Baron Cecil of Essendon

(England, let, pat. 13 May 1603)

 

Addresses:

Hatfield House, Hatfield, Hertfordshire AL9 5NF

The Manor House, Cranborne, Wimborne, Dorset

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