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Perth, Earl of (S, 1604/5)

 

Creation: let. pat. 4 Mar 1605

 

Family name: Drummond

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Arms:

Or three Bars wavy Gules

Crest:

Out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Falcon rising proper

Supporters:

On either side a Wild Man wreathed about the temples and loins with Oak and each holding a Club resting on the exterior shoulder proper

Mottoes:

Above the Crest:  Virtutem Coronat Honos (Honour crowns virtue);  below the Compartment:  Gang Warily

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James [Drummond], 4th Lord Drummond later 1st Earl of Perth, PC

1st son and heir of Patrick [Drummond], 3rd Lord Drummond, by his first wife Lady Elizabeth Lindsay, 1st dau. by his second wife of David [Lindsay], 9th Earl of Crawford

born

c.1580

mar.

19 Apr 1608 Lady Isabel Seton (b. 30 Nov 1593; mar. (2) 2 Aug 1614 Hon Francis Stewart (b. 1584; d. 1639), 1st son of Francis [Stewart], 1st Earl of Bothwell), only dau. of Robert [Seton], 1st Earl of Winton, by his wife Lady Margaret Montgomerie, 1st dau. by his second wife of Hugh [Montgomerie], 3rd Earl of Eglinton

only child

1. Lady Jean Drummond (d. 29 Dec 1637), mar. 19 Feb 1632 as his first wife John [Gordon], 14th Earl of Sutherland, and had issue

died

s.p.m. 18 Dec 1611 (bur. at Seton in East Lothian)

created

11 Feb 1604/5 Earl of Perth, with remainder to his heirs male whatsoever

suc. by

brother

note

suc. his father 1602 as 4th Lord Drummond; attached to the Court of King James I & VI in England; took part in the embassy to the Court of Spain 1605; Privy Councillor [S] 1607/8 and 1609/10; present at the conventions in Edinburgh 1608 and 1608/9; a Commissioner of the Scottish Exchequer 1610

 

John [Drummond], 2nd Earl of Perth, PC

born

c. 1584

mar.

after 28 Aug 1614 Lady Jean Ker (d. Oct 1622), 1st dau. of Robert [Ker], 1st Earl of Roxburghe, by his first wife Margaret Maitland, dau. of Sir William Maitland of Leithington

children

1. Hon Henry Drummond, styled Lord Drummond (b. 1 Aug 1614; dvp. Sep 1622)

2. Hon James Drummond, later 3rd Earl of Perth

3. Hon Robert Drummond (d. unm.)

4. Hon Sir John Drummond, of Logie Almond, d. and had issue

5. Hon William Drummond later Ker, later 2nd Earl of Roxburghe

1. Lady Jean Drummond (d. aft. 19 Mar 1657/8), mar. bef. 1 Feb 1633/4 John [Fleming], 3rd Earl of Wigtown, and had issue

2. Lady Lilias Drummond (d. bef. 12 Jan 1663/4), mar. 3 Jun 1643 as his first wife James [Murray], 2nd Earl of Tullibardine, and had issue

died

11 Jun 1662

suc. by

son

note

Privy Councillor [S] 1616; signed the Covenant 1648 but also signed the Earl of Montrose's Band of Cumbernauld against the Earl of Angus in 1640 ; appointed by Parliament a Commissioner of War for Perthshire 1644; Col of Horse and Foot for Perthshire 1648; fined with his eldest son £5,000 under Cromwell's Act of Grace 1654

 

James [Drummond], 3rd Earl of Perth, PC

born

c.1615

mar.

6 Nov 1639 Lady Anne Gordon (d. 9 Jan 1656; bur. at Innerpeffray), 1st dau. of George [Gordon], 2nd Marquess of Huntly, by his wife Lady Anne Campbell, 1st dau. by his first wife of Archibald [Campbell], 7th Earl of Argyll

children

1. Hon James Drummond, later 4th Earl of Perth

2. Hon John Drummond, later 1st Earl of Melfort

1. Lady Anne Drummond, mar. 1 Oct 1674 John [Hay], 12th Earl of Erroll, and had issue

died

2 Jun 1675

suc. by

son

note

signed with his father the Band of Cumbernauld 1640; Col of a Regiment of Foot and with the Scottish Army at Newcastle 1640; appointed by Parliament Col of Foot for Perthshire 1643; commanded the Covenanters' Horse at the Battle of Tippermuir 1644; changed sides and joined the Marquess of Montrose; taken prisoner after the Battle of Philiphaugh 1645; appointed Col of Horse for Perthshire 1650; Privy Councillor [S] 1662 and 1674; in joint command of the men of Perth against the Pentland Rising 1666; a Commissioner of Supply 1666/7; Capt of Horse 1668; Col of a Regiment of Foot in the Perthshire Militia 1669

 

James [Drummond], 4th Earl of Perth, KT

born

7 Jul 1648

mar. (1)

10 Jan 1670 his cousin once removed Lady Jane Douglas (d. after 14 Jul 1675), 4th dau. of William [Douglas], 1st Marquess of Douglas, by his second wife Lady Mary Gordon, 3rd dau. of George [Gordon], 1st Marquess of Huntly

children by first wife

1. Hon James Drummond, styled Lord Drummond later titular 2nd Duke of Perth, accompanied King James II & VII to Ireland 1689, returned to Scotland 1694, imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle 1695/6-1696/7, made Knight of the Thistle by the titular King 1705, suspected of aiding the abortive invasion of Scotland 1708 he was again arrested and imprisoned in Edinburgh Castle and in the Tower of London, disposed of the Drummond estates in favour of his eldest son 1713, took part in the Rising of 1715 and commanded the cavalry at the Battle of Sheriffmuir, attainted by the Act of Parliament 17 Feb 1715/6, escaped to France in the same ship as the titular King James III, by whom he was appointed Lieut Gen of the forces in Scotland 1717, Master of the Horse to Queen Mary (b. Jan/Feb 1673/4; d. 6 Apr 1720; bur. in the Chapel of the Scots College, Paris), mar. after 5 Oct 1706 his second cousin Lady Jane Gordon (b. c. 1683; d. 30 Jan 1773), only dau. of George [Gordon], 1st Duke of Gordon, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Howard, 2nd dau. of Henry [Howard], 6th Duke of Norfolk, and had issue:

1b. James Drummond, titular 3rd Duke of Perth, taken to France by his mother on his father's death in 1720 but returned to Scotland in 1732, one of the seven who formed the "Association of Scottish Jacobites" c. 1739, joined in the 1745 Rising and had commands at the Battles of Prestonpans, Carlisle, Stirling and Culloden, after which he escaped to France with his brother John, attainted by Act of 1746 (b. 11 May 1713; d. at sea 13 May 1746)

2b. John Drummond, titular 4th Duke of Perth, in the French service as Col of the Royal Scots, joined in the 1745 Rising and fought at the Battles of Falkirk and Culloden, after which he escaped to France with his brother James, attainted by Act of 1746, a Maj General under Marshal Saxe at the Siege of Bergen op Zoom 1747, died of a fever (b. c.1714; d. 28 Sep 1747; bur. in the Chapel of the English Nuns in Antwerp)

1. Lady Mary Drummond (d. 7 Mar 1729), mar. 1690 William [Keith], 7th Earl Marischal, and had issue

mar. (2)

after 5 Oct 1676 his third cousin Lilias Murray (widow of James [Murray], 2nd Earl of Tullibardine;  d. c.1685), 1st dau. of Sir James Drummond of Machany (by his second wife Anna Hay, dau. of Hon George Hay of Killour (by his wife Isabel Hay, widow of Patrick Hay of Megginch and dau. of Patrick Cheyne of Esselmont), 1st son by his second wife of Andrew [Hay], 8th Earl of Erroll), 1st son and heir of Col Hon Sir James Drummond of Machany (by his wife Catherine Hamilton, sister of John [Hamilton], 1st Lord Bargeny, and dau. of Sir John Hamilton of Bargeny (by his wife Jean Campbell, dau. of Alexander Campbell, Bishop of Brechin), legitimated son of John [Hamilton], 1st Marquess of Hamilton), 2nd son of James [Drummond], 1st Lord Maderty

only child by second wife

2. Hon John Drummond, titular 5th Duke of Perth, in St Germain 1704 amd in Scotland 1707, one of the seven who formed the "Association of Scottish Jacobites" c. 1739 but took no prominent part in the 1745 Rising (b. 1679; dsp. 27 Oct 1757; bur. in the Chapel of Holyroodhouse), mar. (1) after 26 Nov 1707 Marjory Fotheringham (dsp. bef. 16 Jul 1712), dau. and hrss. of David Fotheringham by his wife Elizabeth Gray, dau. and hrss. of James Gray of Balledgarno, and (2) betw. 12 Apr and 3 Jun 1722 Lady Mary Stuart (b. 11 Aug 1702; d. 3 Feb 1773; bur. in the Chapel of Holyroodhouse), 5th dau. of Charles [Stuart], 4th Earl of Traquair, by his wife Lady Mary Maxwell, 1st dau. of Robert [Maxwell], 4th Earl of Nithsdale

mar. (3)

c. Jan 1685/6 his cousin Lady Mary Urquhart, a Lady of the Bedchamber to the exiled Queen Mary 1701 (widow of Adam Urquhart of Meldrum;  d. 13 Mar 1726; bur. beside her husband in the Chapel of the Scots College, Paris), 2nd dau. of Lewis [Gordon], 3rd Marquess of Huntly, by his wife Mary Grant, dau. of Sir John Grant of Freuchie

only child by third wife

3. Hon Edward Drummond, titular 6th Duke of Perth, a Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the titular King James III 1709, took an active part in the 1745 rising and afterwards fled to France from the Isle of Uist, imprisoned in the Bastille 1739, General of Cavalry in the French service (b. 1690; dsp. 7 Feb 1760; bur. in the Church of St Marguérite, Paris), mar. 25 Nov 1709 Lady Anne Elizabeth Middleton (b. 26 Jun 1690; d. after 1773), 1st dau. of Charles [Middleton], 2nd Earl of Middleton, by his wife Lady Catharine Brudenell, 1st dau. by his second wife of Robert [Brudenell], 2nd Earl of Cardigan

died

11 May 1716 (bur. in the Chapel of the Scots College, Paris)

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Privy Councillor [S] 1677/8; a Commissioner in the West 1677/8; Justice General of Scotland 1682-84; Capt of a Troop of Horse 1682; Col of a Regiment of Foot in the Perthshire Militia 1683; Governor of the Bass 1682; an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1682-84; Lord High Chancellor of Scotland 1684-88; Sheriff of co. Edinburgh 1684; Privy Councillor [E] 1685-88/9; declared himself a Catholic 1685 and was given the chief administration of affairs in Scotland under King James II & VII; Founding Knight of the Thistle 1687; after the deposition of King James II & VII he tried to escape to France but he was captured off Kirkcaldy and imprisoned in Stirling Castle 1688-93, after which he was released by the order of the Privy Council on the condition that he left the country; created 10 May 1689/90 Baron Concraig, Viscount Cargill, Earl of Stobhall, Marquess of Drummond and Duke of Perth, with remainder to heirs male, by the titular King James II in exile at St Germains;  these titles were confirmed in 1701 by King Louis XIV of France; he joined the Court in exile at St Germains 1696 and appointed Governor to the titular Prince of Wales 1696-1706; Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the titular King James III & VIII 1702/3 and Knight of the Garter 1706; Chamberlain to the exiles Queen Consort; took part in the attempted invasion of Scotland 1708

 

On the death of the 4th Earl of Perth the right to his titles passed to his son and heir, Hon James Drummond, styled Lord Drummond; however, as Lord Drummond had been attainted in 1716 before the death of his father, the titles became forfeited. The title of Earl of Perth was assumed by Lord Drummond and the succeeding titular Dukes of Perth; following the extinction of that line in 1760 it was assumed by the titular Dukes of Melfort until it was restored to the titular 6th Duke of Melfort by Act of Parliament on 28 Jun 1853,

 

George [Drummond], titular 6th Duke of Melfort later 5th Earl of Perth and 2nd Earl of Melfort

1st son and heir of Léon Maurice Drummond (by his wife Marie Elizabeth Lucie de Longuemarre), 4th son of James Drummond, titular 3rd Duke of Melfort (by his wife Marie de Berenger, dau. of Francoise de Berenger), 1st son and heir of Hon John Drummond, titular 2nd Duke of Melfort (by his wife Marie Gabrielle d'Audebert, suo jure Comtesse de Lussan, widow of Henry FitzJames, titular 1st Duke of Albemarle, and only dau. of Jean d'Audebert, Comte de Lussan), 1st son of John [Drummond], 1st Earl of Melfort and titular 1st Duke of Melfort (by his second wife Euphemia Wallace, dau. of Sir Thomas Wallace of Craigie, Lord Justice Clerk of Scotland), 2nd son of James [Drummond], 3rd Earl of Perth

born

6 May 1807

mar. (1)

19 May 1831 Baroness Albertine von Rotberg Rheinweiler Coligni (widow of Gen Comte Rapp;  d. 2 Jun 1842)

children by first wife

1. James Maurice Willoughby Drummond (b. 12 Aug 1832; dvp. Feb 1833)

2. Hon George Henry Charles Francis Malcolm Drummond, styled Viscount Forth, joined the 42nd Highlanders and served in the Crimean War at the Battle of Alma 1854 and the Siege of Sebastopol, resigned his commission 1854, committed suicide by poison (b. 13 May 1834; dvp. 8 Oct 1861 ; bur. at Gloucester), mar. 24 Oct 1855 (sep. 1858) Harriet Mary Capell (b. Feb 1836; mar. (2) 29 Oct 1861 (div. 1867) Capt Edward Cholmeley Dering; d. 30 Apr 1868), 1st dau. of Hon Adolphus Capell (by his wife Hon Charlotte Mary Maynard, 1st dau. of Henry [Maynard], 3rd Viscount Maynard), yr. brother of Arthur Algernon [Capel later Capell], 6th Earl of Essex, and 3rd son of Hon John Thomas Capel (by his wife Lady Caroline Paget, 1st dau. of Henry [Bayley later Paget], 1st Earl of Uxbridge), 1st son by his second wife of William Ann Holles [Capell later Capel], 4th Earl of Essex, and had issue:

1a. Hon George Essex Montifex Drummond, styled Lord Drummond, died of consumption in a hospital in New York USA (b. 3 Sep 1856; dva. 4 Aug 1887)

mar. (2)

9 Aug 1847 Susan Harriet Burrowes (widow of her cousin Col William Burrowes, of Dangan Castle, co. Meath;  dspm. 11 Sep 1886), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Thomas Bermingham Daly Henry Sewell, of Athenry, co. Galway, by his wife Hon Harriet Beresford, 3rd dau. of Most Rev William Beresford DD, Archbishop of Tuam, 1st Baron Decies

children by second wife

1. Lady Marie Auguste Gabrielle Berengere Blanche Drummond (b. 15 Dec 1848; dsp. 5 Feb 1874), mar. 24 Apr 1871 Col Mackenzie Fraser, of Castle Fraser and Inverlochy, Aberdeenshire (d. 19 May 1897)

2. Lady Marie Louise Susan Edith Grace Drummond, suo jure Comtesse de Lussan (b. 29 Apr 1854; d. 22 Jul 1937)

died

s.p.m.s. 28 Feb 1902 (bur. at Kensal Green, co. Middlesex)

suc. by

7th cousin twice removed

note

joined the 93rd Highlanders 1824; Capt serving in the West Indies 1826; established in France his right to the French titles of Duc de Melfort, Comte de Lussan and Baron de Valrose 1841; Maj in the Victoria Rifles 1853-59; restored to the Earldoms of Perth and Melfort by Act of Parliament on 28 Jun 1853;  on his death the French Dukedom of Melfort and the Scottish Earldom of Melfort, Viscountcy of Forth and Lordship of Drummond of Riccartoun became extinct, his French titles of Comte de Lussan and Baron de Valrose passed to his only surviving dau. and hrss., Lady Marie Louise Susan Edith Grace Drummond, and the Earldom of Perth and the Barony of Drummond passed to his kinsman,

 

William Huntly [Drummond], 9th Viscount of Strathallan later 6th Earl of Perth

1st son of James David [Drummond], 8th Viscount of Strathallan (by his first wife Ellen Thornhill, 2nd dau. of Cudbert Bensley Thornhill, ICS), 1st son of William Henry [Drummond], 7th Viscount of Strathallan (by his wife Christina Maria Hersey Baird, 2nd dau. of Robert Baird of Newbyth), 1st son of James Andrew John Laurence Charles [Drummond], 6th Viscount of Strathallan (by his wife Lady Amelia Sophia Murray, 3rd dau. by his first wife of John [Murray], 4th Duke of Atholl), 1st surv. son of Col Hon William Henry Drummond (by his wife Anne Nairn, 2nd dau. of Brig Gen David Nairn), 2nd son of William [Drummond], 4th Viscount of Strathallan (by his wife Hon Margaret Nairne, 1st dau. of William [Murray], 2nd Lord Nairne), 1st son of Sir John Drummond, formerly of Machany (by his wife Margaret Stewart, dau. of Sir William Stewart of Innernytie), 1st son of Sir James Drummond of Machany (by his second wife Anne Hay, dau. of Hon Sir George Hay, 1st of Keillour), 1st son of Col Hon Sir James Drummond of Machany (by his wife Catherine Hamilton, 1st dau. of Sir John Hamilton of Leitrick), 2nd son of James [Drummond], 1st Lord Maderty (by his wife Jane Chisholm, dau. of Sir James Chisholm of Cromlix), 2nd son by his second wife of David [Drummond], 2nd Lord Drummond, grandfather of James [Drummond], 1st Earl of Perth

born

5 Aug 1871

mar.

Jan 1911 Anna Strauss (d. 3 Oct 1957), dau. of Jacob Strauss, of Prague, Poland

children

1. Hon Henrietta Alice Drummond (b. 1869; dvp. Feb 1870)

2. Hon Ellen Hersey Drummond (b. 25 Oct 1872; dvp. 2 Dec 1873)

died

s.p. 20 Aug 1937 (bur. in the Chapel of Tullibardine)

suc. by

half-brother

note

suc. his father 5 Dec 1893 as 9th Viscount of Strathallan; Capt, 3rd Battalion Black Watch Militia

 

James Eric [Drummond], 7th Earl of Perth, GCMG CB PC

1st son of James David [Drummond], 8th Viscount of Strathallan (see above), by his second wife Margaret Smythe, 1st dau. of William Smythe, of Methven Castle, co. Perth

born

17 Aug 1876

mar.

20 Apr 1904 Hon Angela Mary Maxwell-Constable (b. 10 Dec 1877; d. 24 Apr 1965), 2nd dau. of Marmaduke Francis [Maxwell-Constable], 11th Lord Herries of Terregles and 1st Baron Herries, by his wife Hon Angela Mary Charlotte Fitzalan-Howard, 2nd dau. of Edward George [Fitzalan-Howard], 1st Baron Howard of Glossop

children

1. Hon John David Drummond, later 8th Earl of Perth

1. Lady Margaret Gwendolen Mary Drummond (b. 5 May 1905), mar. 3 Feb 1937 John Walker, son of Hay Walker, of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA, and has issue

2. Lady Angela Alice Maryel Drummond (b. 5 Mar 1912; d. 1 Feb 2002), mar. (1) 14 Jun 1937 (div. 1959) Count Alessandro Agosto Giovanni Giacinto Barnabo Manassei di Collestate (d. 20 Aug 1962), son of Count Manassei di Collestate, and (2) 26 Sep 1960 Viggo Dmitri de Wichfeld, 2nd son of Stamhusbesidder Jorgen Adalbert Wichfeld, of Denmark, and has issue by her first husband

3. Lady Gillian Mary Drummond (b. 17 Feb 1920; d. 10 Dec 2002), mar. 28 Jan 1946 Capt John Murray Anderson MC (d. 1991), son of Lt Col Ian Forest Anderson OBE, and had issue

died

15 Dec 1951

suc. by

son

note

Clerk in the Foreign Office 1900; Private Secretary to the Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1906-12, to the Prime Minister 1912-15 and to the Secretary of state for Foreign Affairs 1915-19; CB 1914; KCMG 1916; first Secretary-General to the League of Nations 1919-33; Privy Councillor 1933; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to Rome 1933-39; GCMG 1934; Chief Adviser on Foreign Publicity, Ministry of Information 1939-40; a Representative Peer for Scotland 1941-51; Chairman, Hampshire Rivers Catchment Board 1942-47; Deputy Leader of the Liberal Party in the House of Lords 1946-51

 

John David [Drummond], 8th Earl of Perth, PC

born

13 May 1907

mar.

4 Aug 1934 Nancy Seymour Fincke (d. 7 Jun 1996), dau. of Reginald Fincke, of New York, USA

children

1. Hon John Eric Drummond, later 9th Earl of Perth

2. Hon James Reginald Drummond (b. 28 Jul 1938), mar. (1) 24 Jul 1961 (div. 1985) Marybelle Gordon, dau. of Capt Charles Gordon, of Petersfield, co. Hampshire, and (2) 1988 Ferelith Alison Down (former wife of Ashley Gordon Down), 1st dau. of Mark Palmer

died

25 Nov 2002

suc. by

son

note

served in World War II 1939-45 as Lieut, Intelligence Corps; seconded to the War Cabinet Offices 1942-43 and to the Ministry of Production 1944-45; a Representative Peer for Scotland 1952-63; Minister of State for Colonial Affairs 1957-62; Privy Councillor 1957; First Crown Estate Commissioner 1963-66

 

John Eric [Drummond], 9th Earl of Perth

born

7 Jul 1935

mar. (1)

7 Jan 1963 (div. 1972) Margaret Anne Gordon, only dau. of Robin Gordon

children by first wife

1. Hon James David Drummond, styled Viscount Strathallan (b. 24 Oct 1965)

2. Hon Robert Eric Drummond (b. 7 May 1967)

1. Hon Annabella Margaret Drummond (b. 18 Jun 1964; dvp. 21 Jun 1964)

mar. (2)

1988 Mrs Marion Eliot

 

 Last updated 21 Dec 2003

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Titles:

9th Earl of Perth

(Scotland, let. pat. 4 Mar 1605)

12th Viscount of Strathallan

(Scotland, let. pat. 6 Sep 1686)

12th Lord Drummond

(Scotland, let. pat. 29 Jan 1487/8)

14th Lord Maderty

(Scotland, let. pat. 31 Jan 1609)

12th Lord Drummond of Cromlix

(Scotland, let. pat. 6 Sep 1686)

Hereditary Thane of Lennox

Hereditary Steward of Menteith and Strathearn

Chief of the Name and Arms of Drummond

 

Address:

Stobhall, by Perth, PH2 6DR

Tel:  01821 640332

14 Hyde Park Gardens Mews, London W2 2NU

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