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Northumberland, Earl of (E, 1377 - 1406)

 

Creation: let.pat. 16 Jul 1377

 

Forfeited: 4 Dec 1406

 

Family name: Percy

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Arms:

 See Earl of Northumberland

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Henry [de Percy], 4th Baron Percy later 1st Earl of Northumberland, KG

1st son and heir of Henry [de Percy], 3rd Baron Percy, by his wife Lady Mary Plantagent, 6th dau. of Henry "of Lancaster", 3rd Earl of Lancaster

born

10 Nov 1341

mar. (1)

12 Jul 1358 Margaret de Ros (widow of William [de Ros], 3rd Baron Ros; d. May 1372), 1st dau. of Ralph [de Neville], 2nd Baron Neville, by his wife Alice de Audley, sister of Hugh [de Audley], 1st Earl of Gloucester, and only dau. of Hugh [Audley], 1st Baron Audley of Stratton Audley

children by first wife

1. Sir Henry Percy KG "Hotspur", styled Lord Percy, knighted 1377, Warden of the East March 1384, 1388, 1393, 1396 and 1399, Knight of the Garter 1388, Lieutenant of Aquitaine 1394, Knight of the Bath 1400, Lieutenant in North and South Wales 1402, rebelled against King Henry IV and was killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury (b. 20 May 1364; dvp. 21 Jul 1403), mar. bef. 10 Dec 1379 Lady Elizabeth Mortimer (b. 12 Feb 1370/1; mar. (2) Thomas [Camoys], 1st Baron Camoys; d. 20 Apr 1417), 1st dau. of Edmund [Mortimer], 3rd Earl of March, by his wife Lady Philippa Plantagenet, suo jure Countess of Ulster, only child of Lionel "of Antwerp", 1st Duke of Clarence (3rd son of King Edward III), and had issue:

1a. Henry Percy, later 1st Earl of Northumberland (second creation)

1a. Lady Elizabeth Percy (d. 26 Oct 1437), mar. (1) c. 1407 John [de Clifford], 7th Baron Clifford, and (2) 20 Jul 1426 as his first wife Ralph [Neville], 2nd Earl of Westmorland, and had issue by both husbands

2. Sir Thomas Percy (d. 1388), mar. 1376 Lady Elizabeth Strabolgi (mar. (2) bef. 1391 Sir John le Scrope, 5th son of Henry [le Scrope], 1st Baron Scrope of Masham, and (3) Robert de Thorley; d. aft. 1416), 1st dau. and cohrss of David [Strabolgi], 12th or 3rd Earl of Atholl, by his wife Elizabeth de Ferrers, 2nd dau. of Henry [de Ferrers], 2nd Baron Ferrers of Groby, and had issue:

1a. Sir Henry Percy (d. 25 Oct 1432), mar. Elizabeth de Scales (widow of Robert [de Scales], 5th Baron Scales), dau. of William [Bardolph], 4th Baron Bardolph, and had issue:

1b. Elizabeth Percy (d. 28 Sep 1455), mar. (1) Thomas Burgh, and (2) Sir William Lucy (dsp. 1460), and had issue by her first husband

2b. Mary Percy (d. 28 Sep 1464), mar. (1) Henry [Grey], 3rd Baron Grey of Codnor, and (2) Sir Richard Vere, 4th son of John [Vere], 12th Earl of Oxford, and had issue by her first husband

2a. Thomas Percy (d. young)

3. Sir Ralph Percy (dsp. 15 Sep 1397), mar. bef. 20 Mar 1376/7 Lady Philippa Strabolgi (mar. (2) as his first wife John Halsham, of Coombs, co. Sussex; d. 2 Nov 1395), 2nd dau. and cohrss of David [Strabolgi], 12th or 3rd Earl of Atholl, by his wife Elizabeth de Ferrers, 2nd dau. of Henry [de Ferrers], 2nd Baron Ferrers of Groby

4. Alan Percy (d. young)

1. Lady Margaret Percy (d. young)

mar. (2)

c. 15 Dec 1381 Maud de Umfraville, suo jure Baroness Lucy (widow of Gilbert [de Umfraville], 10th Earl of Angus; dsps. 18 Dec 1398), 1st dau. of Thomas [de Lucy], 2nd Baron Lucy, by his wife Margaret de Multon, sister and cohrss. of John de Multon, of Egremont, co. Northumberland, and dau. Thomas de Multon, of Egremont, co. Northumberland

died

19 Feb 1407/8

created

16 Jul 1377 Earl of Northumberland

note

knighted c. 1361; Knight of the Garter c. 1366; Marshal of England 1376; Admiral of the North 1383; Sheriff of Northumberland 1384; presided over the Scrope v Grosvenor trial 1386-89; Captain of Calais 1389; Keeper of the East March and Keeper of Berwick 1391; a supporter of the Duke of Hereford later King Henry IV; Constable of England 1399; Warden of the West March 1399; rebelled against King Henry IV 1403 (his son being killed at the Battle of Shrewsbury 1403), submitted and was pardoned but again in rebellion 1405 and fled to Brittany; attainted 1406 and his lands and titles forfeited; returned to England in force but was defeated at the Battle of Bramham Moor where he was killed

 

Following the attainder of the 1st Earl of Northumberland, the ancient Barony of Percy (cr. 1299) and the Earldom of Northumberland were forfeited. There is no evidence of any Act of Parliament reversing this attainder.

 

 Last updated 7 Jun 2009

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