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Newcastle-under-Lyne, Duke of (GB, 1756 - 1988)

 

Creation: let. pat. 17 Nov 1756

 

Extinct: 25 Dec 1988

 

Family name: Pelham later Pelham-Holles later Pelham-Clinton later Pelham-Clinton-Hope

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Azure on a Chevron Or between three Bezants as many Laurel Leaves slipped Vert all within a Bordure wavy Argent (Hope);  2nd, Argent six Cross Crosslets fitchée Sable three two and one on a Chief Azure two Mullets Or pierced Gules (Clinton);  4th, Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Azure three Pelicans vulning themselves proper;  2nd and 3rd, Gules two Demi-Belts with Buckles Argent erect the buckles in chief (as an honorary augmentation in memory of Sir John Pelham taking John, King of France, prisoner) (Pelham)

Crests:

1st (central):  A broken Terrestrial Globe charged with a Laurel Leaf slipped and surmounted by a Rainbow in arch all proper, the whole debruised by a Bendlet sinister wavy Ermine (Hope);  2nd (dexter):  Out of a Ducal Coronet Gules a Plume of five Ostrich Feathers Argent banded with a Line laid chevron-ways Azure (Clinton);  3rd (sinister):  A Peacock in pride proper (Pelham)

Supporters:

On either side a Greyhound Argent plain collared and lined Gules

Motto:

Loyaulte n'a Honte

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Thomas [Pelham later Pelham-Holles], 2nd Baron Pelham later 1st Earl of Clare later 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne later 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KG PC

1st son and heir of Thomas [Pelham], 1st Baron Pelham, by his second wife Lady Grace Holles, sister and cohrss. of John [Holles], 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, and 4th dau. of Gilbert [Holles], 3rd Earl of Clare

born

1 Jul 1693

mar.

2 Apr 1717 Lady Henrietta Godolphin (d. 17 Jul 1776), 1st dau. and cohrss. of Francis [Godolphin], 2nd Earl of Godolphin, by his wife Lady Henrietta Churchill, suo jure Duchess of Marlborough, 1st dau. and cohrss. of John [Churchill], 1st Duke of Marlborough

died

s.p. 17 Nov 1768

created

19 Oct 1714 Viscount Haughton and Earl of Clare, with remainder failing his issue male to his younger brother Hon Henry Pelham

11 Aug 1715 Marquess of Clare and Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, with a like special remainder

17 Nov 1756 Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, with a special remainder, failing heirs male of his body, to Henry [Clinton], Earl of Lincoln, and the heirs male of his body, by Catherine, his wife, niece of the grantee

4 May 1762 Baron Pelham, of Stanmer in the County of Sussex, with a special remainder in favour of his cousin and heir male

suc. by

nephew

note

suc. his father 23 Feb 1711/2 as 2nd Baron Pelham;  Lord Lieutenant of Middlesex and Westminster 1714-62, of Nottinghamshire 1714-62 and 1765-68, and of Sussex 1761-62;  Steward of Sherwood Forest 1714-62;  Vice Admiral of Sussex 1715;  Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1717-24l  Privy Councillor 1717 and 1727;  Knight of the Garter 1718;  one of the Lords Justices (Regents of the Kingdom) during the King's absence;  Secretary of State for the South 1724-54;  First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1754-56 and 1757-62;  Lord Privy Seal 1765-66

 

On the death of the 1st Duke of Newcastle-upon-Tyne all his peerage titles became extinct except for the 1762 Barony of Pelham and the Dukedom of Newcastle-under-Lyne

 

Henry [Clinton later Pelham-Clinton], 9th Earl of Lincoln later 2nd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KG PC

2nd son of Henry [Clinton], 7th Earl of Lincoln, by his wife Hon Lucy Pelham, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Thomas [Pelham], 1st Baron Pelham, and sister of Thomas [Pelham later Pelham-Holles], 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

born

24 Apr 1720

mar.

16 Oct 1744 his cousin Catharine Pelham (b. 24 Jul 1727;  d. 27 Jul 1760), 1st surv. dau. and cohrss. of Rt Hon Henry Pelham, First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1743-54 (by his wife Lady Catharine Manners, 1st dau. by his first wife of John [Manners], 2nd Duke of Rutland), 2nd son of Thomas [Pelham], 1st Baron Pelham

children:

1. Hon George Clinton, styled Lord Clinton (b. 26 Nov 1745;  dvp. 19 Aug 1752)

2. Lord Henry Fiennes Pelham-Clinton, styled Earl of Lincoln, Member of Parliament (Tory) for Aldborough 1772-74 and for Nottinghamshire 1774-78 (b. 5 Nov 1750;  dvp. 18 Oct 1778), mar. 21 May 1775 Lady Frances Seymour-Conway (b. 4 Dec 1751;  d. 11 Nov 1820), 4th dau. of Francis [Seymour-Conway], 1st Marquess of Hertford, and had issue:

1a. Lord Henry Pelham-Clinton, styled Earl of Lincoln 1778-79 (b. 23 Dec 1777;  d. 23 Sep 1779)

1a. Lady Catherine Pelham-Clinton (b. 6 Apr 1776;  dspm. 18 May 1804), mar. 2 Oct 1801 as his first wife Hon William Pleydell-Bouverie, styled Viscount Folkestone later 3rd Earl of Radnor, and had issue

3. Lord Thomas Pelham-Clinton, later 3rd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

4. Lord John Pelham-Clinton MP (d. 1781)

died

22 Feb 1794

suc. by

son

note

suc. his brother 30 Apr 1730 as 9th Earl of Lincoln;  Lord Lieutenant of Cardiganshire 1742-57;  a Lord of the Bedchamber 1743-62;  Master of the Jewel Office 1744;  Cofferer of the Household 1746-54;  Joint Comptroller of the Customs of London 1749-94;  Ranger of Geddington Chase 1749-62;  an Auditor of the Exchequer 1751-94;  Knight of the Garter 1752;  High Steward of Westminster 1759-62;  Privy Councillor 1768;  Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 1768-94;  Steward of Sherwood Forest 1768

 

Thomas [Pelham-Clinton], 3rd Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

born

1 Jul 1762

mar.

2 May 1782 Lady Anna Maria Stanhope (b. 31 Mar 1760;  mar. (2) 7 Feb 1800 Lt Gen Sir Charles Gregan Crawfurd GCB;  d. 18 Oct 1834), 5th dau. of William [Stanhope], 2nd Earl of Harrington, by his wife Lady Caroline FitzRoy, 1st dau. of Charles [FitzRoy], 2nd Duke of Grafton

children:

1. Lord Henry Pelham Pelham-Clinton, later 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

2. Lord Thomas Pelham-Clinton (d. 8 Oct 1804)

1. Lady Anna Maria Pelham-Clinton (dsp. 31 May 1807), mar. 1 Jan 1801 as his first wife Stapleton [Cotton later Stapleton-Cotton], 1st Viscount Combermere

2. Lady Charlotte Pelham-Clinton (d. 23 May 1811)

died

17 May 1795

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Westminster 1774-75, and for East Retford 1781-94;  Captain, 1st Regt Foot Guards;  ADC to the King and Colonel 1780;  Major General 1787;  Colonel of the 75th Foot 1782;  Colonel of the 17th light Dragoons 1785;  Steward of Sherwood Forest and Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 1794-95

 

Henry Pelham [Pelham-Clinton], 4th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KG

born

31 Jan 1785

mar.

18 Jul 1807 Georgiana Elizabeth Mundy (b. 1 Jun 1789;  d. 26 Sep 1822), only child of Edward Miller Mundy, of Shipley, co. Derby, by his second wife Georgiana Willoughby, former wife of Thomas [Willoughby], 4th Baron Middleton, and 2nd dau. of Evelyn Chadwick, of West Leake, co. Nottingham

children:

1. Lord Henry Pelham Pelham-Clinton, later 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

2. Capt Lord Charles Pelham Pelham-Clinton, Member of Parliament for Sandwich (b. 3 Dec 1813;  d. 15 Dec 1894), mar. 10 Aug 1848 Elizabeth Grant (d. 7 Nov 1899), only surv. child of William Grant, of Congleton, and had issue:

1a. Charles Stapleton Pelham-Clinton, of Woodrow High House, Amersham, co. Buckingham (b. 23 Jul 1857;  dsp. 22 Oct 1911), mar. 6 Oct 1886 Elizabeth Zerega (dsp. 29 Sep 1946), only dau. of Louis H Zerega di Zerega, of New York, USA

2a. Henry William Pelham-Clinton (b. 21 Oct 1860;  d. 18 Dec1927), mar. 21 Jul 1886 Mary Wilkinson (d. 31 Oct 1936), dau. of Lt Gen Frederick Green Wilkinson, and had issue:

1b. Capt (Henry Charles) Frederick Pelham-Clinton, of Ockman House, Rye, co. Sussex (b. 6 Sep 1892;  d. 8 Jun 1968), mar. 24 Nov 1920 Dorothy Charlotte Middleton Carlon (d. 14 Oct 1969), only child of Capt J Carlon, of Toronto, Canada, and had issue:

1c. Ethne Mary Pelham-Clinton (b. 22 Sep 1923), mar. 6 Feb 1951 Jasper Picton Hubbard, of Hammonds, Lewes Heath, co. Kent, 2nd son of Eric Wyndham Hubbard JP, and has issue

2b. Capt Guy Edward Pelham-Clinton MC (b. 11 Apr 1894;  d. 18 Dec 1934), mar. 30 Jul 1918 Hermione Edith Agnes Tollemache, 2nd dau. of Arthur Frederick Churchill Tollemache, and had issue:

1c. Edward Charles Pelham-Clinton, later 10th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

2c. F/O Alastair Henry Pelham-Clinton RAF, killed in action over the Bay of Biscay (b. 29 Mar 1923;  d. 24 May 1943)

1b. Kathleen Lettice Mary Pelham-Clinton (b. 15 Aug 1887;  d. 19 Apr 1946)

3a. Hubert Edward Pelham-Clinton (b. 30 Mar 1862;  d. 29 Aug 1913), mar. (1) 23 Sep 1893 Louisa Brooks Browne (widow of Henry Fitzwilliam Browne;  d. 27 Aug 1911), dau. of E Macaulay Arnaud, of Bath, and (2) 28 Oct 1911 Helen Halcrow, yst. dau. of James William Halcrow, of Burton-on-Trent, and had issue by his second wife:

1b. Marjorie Pelham Clinton (b. 1910), mar. 1940 Edward Date Long (d. 1982), and has issue

2b. Georgiana Elizabeth May Pelham-Clinton (b. 7 May 1913), mar. 3 Mar 1951 John Stuart Bordewich MVO, of Drayton Gardens, London (d. 1986), yst. son of Peter Magnus Roness Bordewich, of Victoria Road, London W8, and has issue

1a. Emily Dora Pelham-Clinton (d. 30 Sep 1921), mar. 9 Feb 1881 Sir George William Hervey KCB, Secretary and Comptroller of the National Debt 1894-1910 (d. 17 Aug 1915), 1st son of Lord William Hervey CB (by his wife Cecilia Mary Fremantle, yst. dau. of Vice Adm Sir Thomas Fremantle GCB), 3rd son of Frederick William [Hervey], 1st Marquess of Bristol, and had issue

2a. Adela Harriett Pelham-Clinton (dsp. 21 May 1915), mar. (1) 2 Aug 1871 John Campbell of Stonefield (d. 1885), 1st son of Colin Campbell, of Stonefield, co. Argyll, and (2) 24 Feb 1903 as his second wife Col George Hastings Brooke (dsp. 5 Apr 1922), and had issue by her first husband

3a. Edith Elizabeth Pelham-Clinton (d. 11 May 1859)

3. Lord Thomas Charles Pelham-Clinton (b. 3 Dec 1813;  dsp. 28 Feb 1882), mar. 31 Jul 1843 (div. 1865) Marianne Gritton (dsp. 3 May 1887), dau. of Francis Gritton

4. Lord William Pelham-Clinton (b. 13 Jan 1815; dvp. 4 Sep 1850)

5. Lieut Lord Edward Pelham-Clinton RN (b. 18 Feb 1816; dvp. 12 May 1842)

6. Lord Robert Renebald Pelham-Clinton, Member of Parliament for North Nottinghamshire (b. 15 Oct 1820;  d. 25 Jul 1867)

1. Lady Georgiana Pelham-Clinton (d. 9 May 1874)

2. Lady Charlotte Pelham-Clinton (b. c. 1812; d. 1 May 1886)

3. Lady Caroline Augusta Pelham-Clinton (d. 3 Jun 1898), mar. 29 Jan 1852 as his second wife Sir Cornwallis Ricketts, 2nd Bt. (d. 30 Jan 1885), and had issue

4. Lady Henrietta Pelham-Clinton (dspm. 19 Aug 1890), mar. 1 Mar 1859 Admiral Edwin Clayton Tennyson-D'Eyncourt CB, of Bayons Manor, co. Lincoln (b. 4 Jul 1813;  dspm. 4 Jan 1903), and had issue

died

12 Jan 1851

suc. by

son

note

Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 1809-39;  Steward of Sherwood Forest 1812;  Knight of the Garter 1812

 

Henry Pelham [Pelham-Clinton], 5th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, KG PC

born

22 May 1811

mar.

27 Nov 1832 (div. 14 Aug 1850) Lady Susan Harriet Catherine Hamilton (b. 9 Jun 1814;  mar. (2) 2 Jan 1860 M. Opdebeck, of Brussels;  d. 28 Nov 1889), only dau. of Alexander [Hamilton], 10th Duke of Hamilton, by his wife Susan Euphemia Beckford, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of William Beckford, of Fonthill Abbey, co. Wiltshire

children:

1. Lord Henry Pelham Alexander Pelham-Clinton, later 6th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

2. Col Lord Edward William Pelham-Clinton GCVO KCB, Member of Parliament for North Nottinghamshire 1865-68, Groom-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria 1881-94 and and to King Edward VII 1901-07, Master of the Household 1894-1901 (b. 11 Aug 1836;  dsp. 9 Jul 1907), mar. 22 Aug 1865 Matilda Jane Cradock-Hartopp (dsp. 23 Oct 1892), 3rd dau. of Sir William Edmund Cradock-Hartopp, 3rd Bt.

3. Lieut Lord Arthur Pelham-Clinton RN, Member of Parliament for Newark (b. 23 Jun 1840;  d. 18 Jun 1870)

4. Lord Albert Sidney Pelham-Clinton (b. 22 Dec 1845;  dsp. 1 Mar 1884), mar. 17 Nov 1870 (div. 1877) Frances Evelyn Stotherd, widow of Capt Edward Stotherd, 60th Rifles

1. Lady Susan Charlotte Catherine Pelham-Clinton (d. 6 Sep 1875), mar. 23 Apr 1860 Lt Col Lord Adolphus Frederick Charles William Vane-Tempest MP (d. 11 Jun 1864), 2nd son by his second wife of Charles William [Stewart later Vane], 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, and had issue

died

18 Oct 1864

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for South Nottinghamshire 1832-46, and for the Falkirk Burghs 1846-51;  a Lord of the Treasury 1834-35;  First Commissioner of Woods and Forests 1841-46;  Privy Councillor (UK) 1841 and (I) 1846;  Cabinet Minister and Chief Secretary to the Viceroy of Ireland 1846;  Secretary of State for the Colonies 1852-54 and 1859-64;  Secretary of State for War 1854-55;  Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire 1857-64;  Knight of the Garter 1860;  Lord Warden of the Stannaries 1862;  Councillor to the Prince of Wales 1863

 

Henry Pelham Alexander [Pelham-Clinton], 6th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

born

25 Jan 1834

mar.

11 Feb 1861 Henrietta Adela Hope (b. 11 Apr 1843;  mar. (2) 7 Apr 1880 Thomas Theobald Hohler;  d. 8 May 1913), illegit. dau. and test. hrss. of Henry Thomas Hope, of Deepdene, co. Surrey, and Castle Blayney, co. Monaghan, by his future wife Anne Adele Bichet, dau. of Joseph Bichet

children:

1. Lord Henry Pelham Archibald Douglas Pelham-Clinton, later 7th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

2. Lord Henry Francis Hope Pelham-Clinton later Pelham-Clinton-Hope, later 8th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

1. Lady Beatrice Adeline Pelham-Clinton (b. 12 Feb 1862;  d. 16 Jun 1935), mar. 16 Sep 1880 Sir Cecil Edmund Lister-Kaye, 4th Bt. (d. 27 Jan 1931), and had issue

2. Lady Emily Augusta Mary Pelham-Clinton (b. 28 Mar 1863;  d. Dec 1919), mar. 24 Jun 1882 Prince Alfonso Doria Pamphilj, Duc d'Avigliano (d. 6 Dec 1914), son of Prince Philip Doria Pamphilj Landj, and had issue

3. Lady Florence Josephine Pelham-Clinton (b. 18 Sep 1868;  d. 15 Apr 1935)

died

22 Feb 1879

suc. by

son

 

Henry Pelham Archibald Douglas [Pelham-Clinton], 7th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

born

28 Sep 1864

mar.

20 Feb 1889 Kathleen Florence May Candy OBE (b. 1872;  d. 1 Jun 1955), dau. of Maj Henry Augustus Candy, 9th Lancers, of Somerby Grove, Oakham, co. Rutland, by his wife Hon Frances Kathleen Westenra, 1st dau. of Henry Robert [Westenra], 3rd Baron Rossmore

died

s.p. 30 May 1928

suc. by

brother

note

Member of Parliament for Newark 1857-59;  Master Forester of Dartmoor;  Keeper of St Briavel's Castle

 

Henry Francis Hope [Pelham-Clinton later Pelham-Clinton-Hope], 8th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

born

3 Feb 1866

mar. (1)

27 Nov 1894 (div. 1902) Mary Augusta Yohe (d. 27 Aug 1938), dau. of William Yohe

mar. (2)

27 Feb 1904 Olive Muriel Owen (former wife of Richard Owen;  d. 30 Aug 1912), 2nd dau. of George Horatio Thompson, of Melbourne, Australia

children by second wife:

1. Lord Henry Edward Hugh Pelham-Clinton-Hope, later 9th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

1. Lady Doria Lois Pelham-Clinton-Hope (b. 17 Jun 1908;  d. 26 Sep 1942), mar. (1) 22 Feb 1930 (div. 1934) Maj Frederick Baldwin Childe, only surv. son of Lt Col Frederick Childe, of Roundhay, Oxford, and (2) 26 Feb 1936 Stefan Neumann, son of Alfred Neumann, of Vienna, Oxford, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Mary Pelham-Clinton-Hope (b. 4 Jul 1910; d. 27 Jun 1982), mar. (1) 20 Sep 1930 (ann. 1933) (Charles) Kenneth Horne (d. 14 Feb 1969), son of Rev Sylvester Horne, (2) 1939 (div. 1946) Romain Alphonse Stemmer, and (3) 1947 William Serge Belaieff (d. 15 Oct 1964)

died

20 Apr 1941

suc. by

son by second wife

note

assumed the additional name and arms of Hope by Royal Licence 7 Apr 1887;  Lord Lieutenant of Nottinghamshire;  High Sheriff of County Monaghan 1891 and 1917

 

Henry Edward Hugh [Pelham-Clinton-Hope], 9th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne, OBE

born

8 Apr 1907

mar. (1)

23 Mar 1931 (div. 1940) Jean Banks Gimbernat (former wife of ..... Gimbernat;  d. 2 Sep 1968)), yst. dau. of David Banks, of Park Avenue, New York, USA

mar. (2)

30 Nov 1946 (div. 1959) Lady Mary Diana Montagu-Stuart-Wortley (b. 2 Jun 1920; d. 19 Sep 1997), 2nd dau. of Archibald Ralph [Montagu-Stuart-Wortley later Montagu-Stuart-Wortley-Mackenzie], 3rd Earl of Wharncliffe, by his wife Lady Maud Lilian Elfreda Mary Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, 1st dau. of William Charles de Meuron [Wentworth-Fitzwilliam], 7th Earl Fitzwilliam

children by second wife:

1. Lady Patricia Pelham-Clinton-Hope (b. 20 Jul 1949), mar. (1) 1971 (div. 1974) Alan Pariser, and (2) 1981 (div. 1983) Nick Mancuso, of Toronto, Canada, and has issue by her second husband

2. Lady Kathleen Marie Gabrielle Pelham-Clinton-Hope (b. 1 Jan 1951), mar. (1) 27 Feb 1970 (div. 19..) Edward Vernon Reynolds, son of Henry Reynolds, of The Mall, Kenton, co. Middlesex, and (2) 1979 (div. 1980) Khun Chaiyoot Chamnanlertkit, of Thailand

mar. (3)

23 Oct 1959 Mrs Sally Ann Wemyss Hope (former wife of Fikret Jemal), 1st dau. of Brig John Henry Anstice, of Kyrenia, Cyprus

died

s.p.m. 4 Nov 1988

suc. by

cousin

 

Edward Charles [Pelham-Clinton], 10th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne

born

18 Aug 1920

died

25 Dec 1988

 

On the death of the 10th Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyne the Dukedom of Newcastle-under-Lyne became extinct and the Earldom of Lincoln was inherited by his distant cousin, Edward Horace Fiennes-Clinton, as 18th Earl of Lincoln.

 

 Last updated 23 Jan 2003

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