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Marlborough, Duke of (E, 1702)

 

Creation: let. pat. 14 Dec 1702;  succession altered 21 Dec 1706 by Act of Parliament

 

Family name: Churchill later Spencer later Spencer-Churchill

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Sable a Lion rampant Argent, on a Canton of the second a Cross Gules (Churchill);  2nd and 3rd, Quarterly Argent and Gules a Fret Or on a Bend Sable three Escallops of the first (Spencer); over all in the centre chief point (as an Honourable Augmentation), an Escutcheon Argent charged with the Cross of St George surmounted by another Escutcheon Azure charged with three Fleur-de-lis two and one Or

Crest:

1st, a Lion couchant guardant Argent supporting a Banner Gules charged with a Dexter Hand couped Argent (Churchill); 2nd, out of a Ducal Coronet Or a Griffin's head between two Wings expanded Argent gorged with a Collar gemelle and armed Gules (Spencer)

Supporters:

On either side a Wyvern wings elevated Gules

Motto:

Fiel Pero Desdichado (Faithful, though unfortunate)

 

See the note on The Heraldry of the Early Spencers

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John [Churchill], 1st Baron Churchill later 1st Earl of Marlborough later 1st Duke of Marlborough, KG PC

1st surv. son and heir of Sir Winston Churchill, Comptroller of the Board of Green Cloth, by his wife Elizabeth Drake, sister of Sir John Drake, 1st Bt., of Ashe, co. Devon, and 3rd dau. of Sir John Drake, of Ashe, co. Devon

born

24 Jun 1650

mar.

1 Oct 1678 Sarah Jennings, Mistress of the Robes to Queen Anne and Ranger of Windsor Park (b. 5 Jun 1660;  d. 18 Oct 1744), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Richard Jennings, of Sandridge, co. Hertford (by his wife Frances Thornhurst, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Giffard Thornhurst, 1st Bt., of Agnes Court, co. Kent), 1st son and heir of Sir John Jennings, of Sandridge, co. Hertford, by his wife Alice Spencer, 3rd dau. of Sir Richard Spencer, of Offley, co. Hertford (by his wife Helen Brocket, 4th dau. and cohrss. of Sir John Brocket, of Brocket Hall, co. Hertford), 4th son of Sir John Spencer, of Wormleighton, co. Warwick, and Althorp, co. Northampton

children

1. Lord John Churchill, styled Marquess of Blandford (b. 13 Feb 1689/90;  dvp. 20 Feb 1702/3)

1. Lady Henrietta Churchill, later suo jure Duchess of Marlborough

2. Lady Anne Churchill (b. 27 Feb 1682/3;  d. 15 Apr 1716), mar. 2 Jan 1699/1700 as his second wife her fourth cousin once removed Charles [Spencer], 3rd Earl of Sunderland, and had issue:

1a. Robert [Spencer], 4th Earl of Sunderland (b. 24 Oct 1701;  d. 15 Sep 1729)

2a. Charles [Spencer], 5th Earl of Sunderland later 3rd Duke of Marlborough

3a. Hon John Spencer MP, of Wimbledon, co. Surrey (b. 13 May 1708;  d. 19 Jun 1746), mar. 14 Feb 1733/4 Lady Georgina Carolina Carteret (mar. (2) 1 May 1750 as his second wife William [Cowper], 2nd Earl Cowper;  d. 25 Aug 1780), 3rd dau. and cohrss. by his first wife of John [Carteret], 1st Earl Granville, and had issue:

1b. John Spencer, later 1st Baron Spencer of Althorp later 1st Earl Spencer

1a. Lady Anne Spencer (d. 19 Feb 1769), mar. 1720 William [Bateman], 1st Viscount Bateman, and had issue

2a. Lady Diana Spencer (dsps. 27 Sep 1735), mar. 11 Oct 1731 as his first wife John [Russell}, 4th Duke of Bedford

3. Lady Elizabeth Churchill (b. c.1687;  d. 22 Mar 1713/4), mar. 9 Feb 1703 as his first wife Scroop [Egerton], 1st Duke of Bridgewater, and had issue

4. Lady Mary Churchill (b. 15 Jul 1689;  d. 14 May 1751), mar. 17 Mar 1705 John [Montagu], 2nd Duke of Montagu, and had issue

died

s.p.m.s. 16 Jun 1722

created

21 Dec 1682 Lord Churchill of Eyemouth, of Eyemouth in the County of Berwick [Peerage of Scotland]

14 May 1685 Baron Churchill of Sandridge, of Sandridge in the County of Hertford

9 Apr 1689 Earl of Marlborough

14 Dec 1702 Marquess of Blandford and Duke of Marlborough

28 Apr 1704 a Prince of the Empire

18 Nov 1705 Prince of Mindelheim in Swabia (exchanged in 1713 for the Principality of Nellenburgh)

suc. by

daughter

note

entered the Army (Foot Guards) in 1667, serving in Tangiers 1671 and Flanders 1672-73;  Gentleman of the Bedchamber to the Duke of York 1673;  Member of Parliament for Newtown (Isle of Wight) 1679; Master of the Wardrobe 1679;  Col of the Royal Regiment of Dragoons 1683;  Ambassador to Paris 1685;  Gentleman of the Bedchamber to King James II;  Governor of the Hudson's Bay Company 1685-91;  Col of the Royal Dragoons 1683-85, of the 3rd Troop of Horse Guards 1685-88 and 1689-92, of the Royal Fusiliers 1689-92, of the 24th Foot 1702-04, and of the 1st Foot Guards 1704-12 and 1714-22 ;  Privy Councillor 1688/9 to 1692, 1698 and 1714;  Master of the Horse 1698-1700;  a Lord Justice of the Realm 1698, 1699 and 1700;  Commander-in Chief of the British and Dutch Forces in the Netherlands 1701;  Knight of the Garter 1701/2;  Ambassador to the Hague 1702;  Captain General of the English Forces, Generalissimo of the Allied Forces and Master of the Ordnance 1702;  in 1704 won the Battle of Blenheim and as a reward was granted the Manor of Woodstock and the Hundred of Wotton in Oxfordshire;  Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire 1706-12;  Governor of the Chelsea Hospital 1714

 

On 21 Dec 1706 he obtained an Act of Parliament settling the succession to his English peerages, together with the Manor of Woodstock and the Palace of Blenheim, failing the heirs male of his body to his daughters Henrietta (wife of Hon Francis Godolphin, later 2nd Earl of Godolphin), Anne (wife of Charles [Spencer], 3rd Earl of Sunderland), Elizabeth (wife of Scroop [Egerton], Earl of Bridgewater) and Mary (wife of John Montagu) in succession and the heirs male of their bodies;  failing which to any other daughter yet to be born and the heirs male of her body;  failing which to his grand-daughters (starting with the daughters of his eldest daughter, Lady Henrietta Godolphin) in succession and the heirs male of their bodies;  and lastly "to all and every other the issue male and female, lineally descending of or from the said Duke of Marlborough, in such manner and for such estate as the same are before limited to the before-mentioned issue of the said Duke, it being intended that the said honours shall continue, remain, and be invested in all the issue of the said Duke, so long as any such issue male or female shall continue, and be held and enjoyed by then severally and successively in manner and form aforesaid, the elder and the descendants of every elder issue to be preferred before the younger of such issue."  On his death the Scottish Lordship of Churchill of Eyemouth (and presumably the Principality of the Holy Roman Empire, as this was granted in the usual form which does not allow for the dignity to pass through daughters) became extinct

 

Lady Henrietta Churchill later Godolphin, suo jure Duchess of Marlborough

born

19 Jul 1681

mar.

23 Apr 1698 Francis [Godolphin], 2nd Earl of Godolphin  (b. 3 Sep 1678;  d. 17 Jan 1766), only child of Sidney [Godolphin], 1st Earl of Godolphin, by his wife Mary Blague, 4th dau. and cohrss. of Col Thomas Blague, of Horningsheath, co. Suffolk, a Groom of the Bedchamber

children

1. Lord William Godolphin, styled Marquess of Blandford, Member of Parliament (Whig) for Penrhyn 1720-22 and for Woodstock 1727-31 (b. c.1700;  dspvm. 24 Aug 1731), mar. 25 Apr 1729 Maria Catherina de Jong (mar. (2) 1 Jun 1734 as his second wife Rt Hon Sir William Wyndham, 3rd Bt. MP, of Orchard Wyndham, co. Somerset;  d. 7 Sep 1779), dau. of Peter de Jong, Burgomaster of Utrecht

2. Lord Henry Godolphin

1. Lady Henrietta Godolphin (dsp. 17 Jul 1776), mar. 2 Apr 1717 Thomas [Pelham later Pelham-Holles], 1st Duke of Newcastle-under-Lyme

2. Lady Margaret Godolphin

3. Lady Mary Godolphin (d. 3 Aug 1764), mar. 26 Jun 1740 Thomas [Osborne], 4th Duke of Leeds, and had issue

died

s.p.m.s. 24 Oct 1733

suc. by

nephew

 

Charles [Spencer], 5th Earl of Sunderland later 3rd Duke of Marlborough, KG PC

born

22 Nov 1706

mar.

23 May 1732 Hon Elizabeth Trevor (d. 7 Oct 1761), dau. and hrss. of Thomas [Trevor], 2nd Baron Trevor, by his wife Elizabeth Burrell, dau. of Timothy Burrell, of Cuckfield, co. Sussex

children

1. Lord George Spencer, later 4th Duke of Marlborough

2. Lord Charles Spencer (b. 31 Mar 1740;  d. 16 Jun 1820), mar. 2 Oct 1762 Hon Mary Beauclerk (d. 13 Jan 1812), sister of Aubrey [Beauclerk], 5th Duke of St Albans, and only dau. of Vere [Beauclerk], 1st Baron Vere of Hanworth, and had issue

3. Lord Robert Spencer (dsp. 1831), mar. 1811 Henrietta Bouverie (widow of Hon Edward Bouverie MP, of Delapré Abbey, 2nd son of Jacob [Bouverie], 1st Viscount Folkestone), only dau. of Sir Everard Fawkener KB, Ambassador to Constantinople

1. Lady Diana Spencer (d. 1 Aug 1808), mar. (1) 8 Sep 1757 (div. 1768) Frederick [St John], 2nd Viscount Bolingbroke, and (2) 12 Mar 1768 Topham Beauclerk, 1st son of Lord Sidney Beauclerk (by his wife Mary Norris, dau. of Thomas Norris, of Speke, co. Lancaster), 5th son of Charles [Beauclerk], 1st Duke of St Albans, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Elizabeth Spencer (d. 30 Apr 1831), mar. 23 Mar 1756 Henry [Herbert], 10th Earl of Pembroke, and had issue

died

28 Oct 1758

suc. by

son

note

suc. his brother 27 Sep 1729 as 5th Earl of Sunderland and 7th Baron Spencer;  High Steward of St Albans 1731;  Col of the 38th Foot 1738-39, of the 1st Dragoons 1739-40, of the 2nd Troop of Horse Guards 1740-42, and of the 2nd Foot Guards [Coldstreams] 1742-44;  a Lord of t he Bedchamber 1738-43;  Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire 1738-58;  Knight of the Garter 1741;  Brig Gen 1743, Maj Gen 1745 and Lt Gen 1758;  Privy Councillor 1749;  Lord Steward of the Household 1749-55;  a Lord Justice of the Realm 1750, 1752 and 1755;  Lord Privy Seal 1755;  Master General of the Ordnance 1755-58

 

George [Spencer], 4th Duke of Marlborough, KG PC

born

26 Jan 1738/39

mar.

23 Aug 1762 Lady Caroline Russell (b. Jan 1742/3; d. 26 Nov 1811), only dau. of John [Russell], 4th Duke of Bedford, by his second wife Lady Gertrude Leveson-Gower, 2nd dau. by his first wife of John [Leveson-Gower], 1st Earl Gower

children

1. Lord George Spencer, later 5th Duke of Marlborough

2. Lord Francis Almeric Spencer, later 1st Baron Churchill

1. Lady Caroline Spencer (b. 27 Oct 1763;  d. 23 Nov 1813), mar. 19 Mar 1792 Henry Welbore [Agar later Ellis], 2nd Viscount Clifden, and had issue

2. Lady Elizabeth Spencer (b. 1772;  d. 1812), mar. 5 Feb 1790 her cousin John Spencer (b. 21 Dec 1767;  d. 17 Dec 1831), and had issue

3. Lady Charlotte Spencer (d. 1802), mar. 16 Apr 1797 Rev Edward Nares DD, Regius Professor of Modern History and Languages in the University of Oxford, and had issue

4. Lady Anne Spencer (b. 5 Nov 1773;  d. 7 Aug 1865), mar. 10 Dec 1796 Cropley Ashley [Ashley-Cooper], 6th Earl of Shaftesbury, and had issue

6. Lady Amelia Sophia Spencer (d. 30 Jan 1829), mar. 1812 Henry Pytches Boyce

died

29 Jan 1817

suc. by

son

note

Ensign Coldstream Guards 1755, Capt 20th Foot 1756;  Ranger of Wynchwood Forest 1758;  Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire 1760-1817;  Lord Chamberlain of the Household 1762-63;  Privy Councillor 1762;  Lord Privy Seal 1763-65;  high Steward of New Woodstock 1766;  Master of the Trinity House 17 68-70;  Knight of the Garter 1768

 

George [Spencer later Spencer-Churchill], 9th Baron Spencer later 5th Duke of Marlborough

born

6 Mar 1766

mar.

15 Sep 1791 Lady Susan Stewart (b. 20 Apr 1767;  d. 2 Apr 1841), 2nd dau. of John [Stewart], 7th Earl of Galloway, by his wife Anne Dashwood, 2nd dau. of Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Bt. MP, of Kirtlington Park, co. Oxford

children

1. Lord George Spencer-Churchill, later 6th Duke of Marlborough

2. Lord Charles Spencer-Churchill (b. 3 Dec 1794;  d. 28 Apr 1840), mar. 24 Aug 1827 Etheldred Catherine Benett (b. 10 Jan 1806;  d. 6 Dec 1839), dau. of John Benett MP, of Pyt House, co. Wiltshire, and had issue

3. Rev Lord George Henry Spencer-Churchill (b. 18 May 1796;  d. 1828), mar. 13 Jul 1824 his first cousin Elizabeth Martha Nares (mar. (2) 18 Aug 1834 William Whately QC;  d. 14 Feb 1866), dau. of Rev Edward Nares DD, by his wife Lady Charlotte Spencer, 3rd dau. of George [Spencer], 4th Duke of Marlborough, and had issue

4. Lord Henry Spencer-Churchill (b. 22 Sep 1797;  d. 2 Jun 1840)

1. Lady Caroline Spencer-Churchill (d. 10 Jan 1824), mar. 21 Jun 1822 David Pennant (d. 1835)

died

5 Mar 1840

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Oxfordshire 1792-96, and for Tregony 1802-04;  a Lord of the Treasury 1804-06;  sum. to Parliament v.p. 12 Mar 1806 in his father's Barony of Spencer;  took the name of Churchill after that of Spencer by Royal Licence 1817

 

George [Spencer-Churchill], 6th Duke of Marlborough

born

27 Dec 1793

mar. (1)

11 Jan 1819 his cousin Lady Jane Stewart (b. 29 Mar 1798;  d. 13 Oct 1844), 1st dau. of George [Stewart], 8th Earl of Galloway, by his wife Lady Jane Paget, 2nd dau. of Henry [Bayly later Paget], 1st Earl of Uxbridge

children by first wife

1. Lord John Winston Spencer-Churchill, later 7th Duke of Marlborough

2. Lt Col Lord Alfred Spencer-Churchill MP (b. 24 Apr 1824;  d. 21 Sep 1893), mar. 5 Feb 1857 Hon Harriet Louisa Hester Gough-Calthorpe (b. 5 Jul 1832;  d. 20 Jul 1901), 3rd dau. of Frederick [Gough-Calthorpe later Gough], 4th Baron Calthorpe, by his wife Lady Charlotte Sophia Somerset, 1st dau. of Henry Charles [Somerset], 6th Duke of Beaufort, and had issue

3. Lord Alan Spencer-Churchill (b. 25 Jul 1825;  d. 18 Apr 1873), mar. 2 Jul 1846 Rosamond Dowker (mar. (2) 4 Aug 1874 Alfred Henry Caulfield;  d. 10 Dec 1888), dau. of Thomas Dowker, of Huntingdon Hall, co. York

1. Lady Louisa Spencer-Churchill (d. 23 Mar 1882), mar. 4 Jul 1845 her first cousin once removed Col Hon RobertCharles Henry Spencer (b. 10 Jun 1817; d. 17 Jun 1881), 7th son of Francis Almeric [Spencer], 1st Baron Churchill, and had issue

mar. (2)

10 Jun 1846 Hon Charlotte Augusta Flower (b. 25 Nov 1818;  d. 20 Apr 1850), only surv. dau. of Henry Jeffrey [Flower], 4th Viscount Ashbrook, by his second wife Emily Theophila Metcalfe, dau. of Sir Thomas Theophilus Metcalfe, 1st Bt.

children by second wife

4. Lord Almeric Athelstan Spencer-Churchill (b. 1847;  d. 12 Dec 1856)

2. Lady Clementina Augusta Spencer-Churchill (b. 4 May 1848;  d. 27 Mar 1886), mar. (1) 12 Jul 1866 John Charles [Pratt], 3rd Marquess Camden, and (2) 28 Dec 1876 Capt Philip Green (mar. (2) 19 Jun 1888 Mabel Emilie Scott, dau. of Sir Edward Henry Scott, 5th Bt;  d. 18 Nov 1904), and had issue by both husbands

mar. (3)

18 Oct 1851 his cousin Jane Frances Clinton Stewart (b. 27 May 1817;  d. 24 Mar 1897), dau. of Hon Edward Richard Stewart (by his wife Lady Katherine Charteris, dau. of Hon Francis Charteris, styled Lord Elcho), 5th son by his second wife of John [Stewart], 7th Earl of Galloway

children by third wife

5. Lord Edward Spencer-Churchill (b. 28 Mar 1853;  d. 5 May 1911), mar. 15 Sep 1874 Augusta Warburton OBE (b. 1854;  d. 1 Sep 1941), dau. of Maj George Drought Warburton MP, by his wife Hon Elizabeth Augusta Bateman-Hanbury, 3rd dau. of William [Hanbury later Bateman-Hanbury], 1st Baron Bateman, and had issue

died

1 Jul 1857

suc. by

son by first marriage

note

Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Chippenham 1818-20, and for Woodstock 1826-31, 1832-35 and 1838-40;  Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire 1842-57

 

John Winston [Spencer-Churchill], 7th Duke of Marlborough, KG PC

born

2 Jun 1822

mar.

12 Jul 1843 Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane VA (b. 15 Apr 1822;  d. 16 Apr 1899), 1st dau of Charles William [Stewart later Vane], 3rd Marquess of Londonderry, by his second wife Lady Frances Anne Emily Vane-Tempest, only dau. and hrss. of Sir Henry Vane-Tempest, 2nd Bt. of Wynyard and Long Newton, co. Durham, by his wife Lady Anne Catharine MacDonnell, suo jure Countess of Antrim, 1st dau. of Randall William [MacDonnell], 1st Marquess of Antrim

children

1. Lord George Charles Spencer-Churchill, later 8th Duke of Marlborough

2. Lord Frederick John Winston Spencer-Churchill (b. 2 Feb 1846;  dvp. 5 Aug 1850)

3. Rt Hon Lord Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill MP, Secretary of State for India 1885-86 and Chancellor of the Exchequer 1886 (b. 13 Feb 1849;  d. 24 Jan 1895), mar. 31 Jan 1874 Jennie Jerome CI RRC DGStJ (b. 1854;  mar. (2) 28 Jul 1900 (div. 1913) Capt G F M Cornwallis-West, and (3) 1 Jun 1918 Montague Phippen Porch;  d. 29 Jun 1921), dau. of Leonard Jerome, of New York, USA, and had issue:

1a. Rt Hon Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill KG OM CH, Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Oldham 1900-06, (Liberal) for North West Manchester 1906-08, (Liberal then Coalition Liberal) for Dundee 1908-22, (Constitutional then Conservative) for Epping 1924-45 and Woodford 1945-64, President of the Board of Trade 1908-10, Home Secretary 1910-11, First Lord of the Admiralty 1911-15 and 1939-40, Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1915, Minister for Munitions 1917-19, Secretary of State for War and Air and President of the Army Council 1919-21, Secretary of State for the Colonies 1921-22, Chancellor of the Exchequer 1924-29, Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister of Defence 1940-45 and 1951-55, Constable of Dover Castle and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports 1941-65, Leader of the Opposition 1945-51, Minister of Defence 1951-52 (b. 30 Nov 1874; d. 24 Jan 1965), mar. 12 Sep 1908 Clementine Ogilvy Hozier GBE CStJ, cr. 17 May 1965 Baroness Spencer-Churchill, of Chartwell in the County of Kent, for life (d. 12 Dec 1977), dau. of Col Sir Henry Montague Hozier KCB, by his wife Lady Henrietta Blanche Ogilvy, 1st dau. of David Graham Drummond [Ogilvy], 5th Earl of Airlie, and had issue

2a. John Strange Spencer-Churchill DSO (b. Feb 1880; d. 23 Feb 1947), mar. 8 Aug 1908 Lady Gwendoline Theresa Mary Bertie (d. 7 Jul 1941), 1st dau. of Montagu Arthur [Bertie], 7th Earl of Abingdon, by his second wife Gwendoline Mary Dormer, 1st dau. of Lt Gen Hon Sir James Charlemagne Dormer KCB (by his wife Ella Frances Catherine Fergusson, widow of Robert Cutlar Fergusson of Craigdarroch and Orroland and only dau. of Sir Archibald Alison, Bt.), 2nd son of Joseph Thaddeus [Dormer], 11th Baron Dormer, and had issue

4. Lord Charles Ashley Spencer-Churchill (b. 1856;  d. 11 Mar 1858)

5. Lord Augustus Robert Spencer-Churchill (b. 4 Jul 1858;  d. 12 May 1859)

1. Lady Cornelia Henrietta Maria Spencer-Churchill OBE (b. 17 Sep 1847;  d. 22 Jan 1927), mar. 25 May 1868 Ivor Bertie [Guest], 1st Baron Wimborne, and had issue

2. Lady Rosamond Jane Francis Spencer-Churchill (b. 9 Nov 1851;  d. 3 Dec 1920), mar. 12 Jul 1877 William Henry [Fellowes], 2nd Baron De Ramsey, and had issue

3. Lady Fanny Octavia Louisa Spencer-Churchill (b. 29 Jan 1853;  d. 5 Aug 1904), mar. 9 Jun 1873 Edward [Marjoribanks], 2nd Baron Tweedmouth, and had issue

4. Lady Anne Emily Spencer Churchill OBE VA (b. 14 Nov 1854;  d. 20 Jun 1923), mar. 11 Jun 1874 James Henry Robert [Innes-Kerr], 7th Duke of Roxburghe, and had issue

5. Lady Georgiana Elizabeth Spencer-Churchill (b. 14 May 1860;  d. 9 Feb 1906), mar. 4 Jun 1883 as his first wife Richard George Penn [Curzon], 4th Earl Howe, and had issue

6. Lady Sarah Isabella Augusta Spencer-Churchill RRC DGStJ (b. 4 Jun 1865;  d. 22 Oct 1929), mar. 21 Nov 1891 Lt Col Gordon Chesney Wilson MVO (d. 6 Nov 1914), 1st son of Sir Samuel Wilson MP, by his wife Jean Campbell, dau. of Hon William Campbell, and had issue

died

5 Jul 1883

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Woodstock 1844-45 and 1847-57;  Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire 1857-83;  Privy Councillor 1866;  Lord Steward of the Household 1866-67;  Lord President of the Council 1867-68;  Knight of the Garter 1868;  Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1876-80

 

George Charles [Spencer-Churchill], 8th Duke of Marlborough

born

15 May 1844

mar. (1)

8 Nov 1869 (div. 20 Nov 1883) Lady Albertha Frances Anne Hamilton (b. 29 Jul 1847;  d. 7 Jan 1932), 6th dau. of James [Hamilton], 1st Duke of Abercorn, by his wife Lady Louisa Jane Russell VA, 2nd dau. by his second wife of John [Russell], 6th Duke of Bedford

children by first wife

1. Lord Charles Richard John Spencer-Churchill, later 9th Duke of Marlborough

1. Lady Frances Louisa Spencer-Churchill (b. 15 Sep 1870;  d. 13 Nov 1954), mar. 6 Jun 1893 Sir Robert Greslet, 11th Bt. (b. 1 Feb 1866;  d. 27 Dec 1936), and had issue

2. Lady Lilian Maud Spencer-Churchill (b. 9 Jul 1873;  d. 4 Jan 1951), mar. 8 Oct 1898 Col Cecil Alfred Grenfell (b. 13 Feb 1864;  d. 11 Aug 1924), and had issue

3. Lady Norah Beatrice Henriette Spencer-Churchill (b. 1 Sep 1875; dsp. 28 Apr 1946), mar. 1 Dec 1920 Francis Bradley Bradley-Birt, of Birtsmoreton Court, co. Worcester (b. 25 Jun 1874;  d. 11 Jun 1963)

mar. (2)

29 Jun 1888 Lily Warren Hammersley (widow of Louis Hammersley, of New York;  mar. (3) 30 Apr 1895 Col Lord William Leslie de la Poer Beresford VC KCIE, 3rd son of John de la Poer [Beresford], 4th Marquess of Waterford;  d. 11 Jan 1909), dau. of Cdre Cicero Price USN

died

9 Nov 1892

suc. by

son by first wife

 

Charles Richard John [Spencer-Churchill], 9th Duke of Marlborough, KG PC

born

13 Nov 1871

mar. (1)

6 Nov 1895 (div. 1921) Consuelo Vanderbilt (b. 1870;  mar. (2) 4 Jul 1921 Lt Col Jacques Balsan CMG;  d. 6 Dec 1964), dau. of William Kissam Vanderbilt, of New York, USA

children by first wife

1. Lord John Albert Edward William Spencer-Churchill, later 10th Duke of Marlborough

2. Lord Ivor Charles Spencer-Churchill (b. 14 Oct 1898), mar. 15 Nov 1947 Elizabeth Cunningham, 1st dau. of J C Cunningham. of Culross Street, London W1, and has issue

mar. (2)

25 Jun 1921 Gladys Marie Deacon (d. 1977), dau. of Edward Parker Deacon, of Boston, USA

died

30 Jun 1934

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Privy Councillor 1894;  Paymaster-General 1899-1902;  Knight of the Garter 1902;  Under-Secretary for the Colonies 1903-05;  Joint Parliamentary Secretary to Board of Agriculture 1917-18

 

John Albert Edward William [Spencer-Churchill], 10th Duke of Marlborough

born

18 Sep 1897

mar. (1)

17 Feb 1920 Hon Alexandra Mary Hilda Cadogan CBE (b. 22 Feb 1900;  d. 23 May 1961), 4th dau. of Hon Henry Arthur Cadogan, styled Viscount Chelsea (by his wife Hon Mildred Cecilia Harriet Sturt, 3rd dau. of Henry Gerard [Sturt], 1st Baron Alington), 2nd son by his first wife of George Henry [Cadogan], 5th Earl Cadogan

children by first wife

1. Lord John George Vanderbilt Henry Spencer-Churchill, later 11th Duke of Marlborough

2. Lord Charles George William Colin Spencer-Churchill (b. 13 Jul 1940), mar. (1) 23 Jul 1865 (div. 1968) Gillian Fuller, (2) 9 Dec 1970 Elizabeth Wyndham (b. 17 Jan 1948), and (3) 19 Sep 2014 Sarah Goodbody, and has issue by his second wife

1. Lady Sarah Consuelo Spencer-Churchill (b. 17 Dec 1921;  d. 13 Oct 2000), mar. (1) 15 May 1943 (div. 1966) Lieut Edwin F Russell USNR, of Lenape Farm, Paoli, Pennsylvania, USA (d. 23 Dec 2001), 1st son of Lucius T Russell, of Beverley Hills, California, USA, and (2) 11 Nov 1966 (div. 1967) Guy Burgos, and (3) 1967 Theodoros Roubanis, and had issue by her first husband

2. Lady Caroline Spencer-Churchill (b. 12 Nov 1923; d. 1992), mar. 5 Dec 1946 Maj Charles Huguenot (Hugo) Waterhouse (b. 11 Jun 1918; d. 15 Jul 2007), 1st son of Capt Rt Hon Charles Waterhouse MC, of Middleton Hall, Bakewell, co. Derby, and had issue

3. Lady Rosemary Mildred Spencer-Churchill (b. 24 Jul 1929), mar. 26 Jun 1953 Charles Robert Muir (d. 24 Mar 1972), of Castlewood House, Englefield Green, co. Surrey, only son of Rowland Huntly Muir, of Billingbear House, Bracknell, co. Berkshire, and has issue

mar. (2)

26 Jan 1972 Frances Laura Canfield  (former wife of (1) Walter Francis David [Long], 2nd Viscount Long, and (2) William Humble Eric [Ward],  3rd Earl of Dudley;  widow of Michael Temple Canfield;  b. 10 Aug 1915;  d. 1990), 2nd dau. of Capt Hon Guy Lawrence Charteris (2nd son of Hugo Richard [Charteris], 9th Earl of Wemyss), of Old House, Didbrook, Winchcombe, co. Gloucester, by his first wife Frances Lucy Tennant, 1st dau. of Francis John Tennant, of Innes, co. Moray

died

11 Mar 1972

suc. by

son by first marriage

note

High Steward of Oxford 1937

 

John George Vanderbilt Henry [Spencer-Churchill], 11th Duke of Marlborough

born

13 Apr 1926

mar. (1)

19 Oct 1951 (div. 1960) Susan Mary Hornby (b. 19 Oct 1929; mar. (2) 1962 (div.) as his first wife Alan Cyril Heber-Percy, of Eyford Knoll, Upper Slaughter, co. Gloucester, and (3) 1983 as his second wife John Osborne Gough MBE, son of Reginald Osborne Gough; d. 27 Jan 2005), 1st dau. of Michael Charles St John Hornby, of Pusey House, Faringdon, co. Berkshire, by his wife Nicolette Joan Ward, 3rd dau. of Capt Hon Cyril Augustus Ward RN MVO (5th son by his second wife of William [Ward], 1st Earl of Dudley)

children by first wife

1. Lord John David Ivor Spencer-Churchill, styled Earl of Sunderland (b. 17 Nov 1952;  dvp. 14 May 1955)

2. Lord (Charles) James Spencer-Churchill, later 12th Duke of Marlborough

1. Lady Henrietta Mary Spencer-Churchill (b. 7 Oct 1958), mar. 1980 (div. 1989) Nathan Gelber, son of Aba Gelber, and has issue

mar. (2)

23 Oct 1961 (div. 1971) Athina Mary Onassis (former wife of Aristotle Socrates Onassis;  d. 1974), dau. of Stavros Livanos

mar. (3)

20 May 1972 (div. 2008) Countess Dagmar Rosita Astri Libertas Douglas (b. 26 Dec 1943), dau. of Count Carl Ludwig Douglas

children by third wife

3. Lord Richard Spencer-Churchill (b. and dvp. 1973)

4. Lord Edward Albert Charles Spencer-Churchill (b. 1974)

2. Lady Alexandra Elizabeth Mary Spencer-Churchill (b. 1977)

mar. (4)

3 Dec 2008 Lily Mahtani (b. c. 1958; former wife of ..... Mahtani)

died

16 Oct 2014

suc. by

son by first wife

 

(Charles) James [Spencer-Churchill], 12th Duke of Marlborough

born

24 Nov 1955

mar. (1)

Feb 1990 (div. 1998) Rebecca Mary Few BrownShields, Baroness, of Maida Vale in the City of Westminster, dau. of Peter Few Brown, and of Mrs John Winnington-Ingram

only child by first wife

1. Lord George Spencer-Churchill, styled Marquess of Blandford (b. 28 Jul 1992)

mar. (2)

1 Mar 2002 Edla Griffiths (b. c. 1968), only dau. of Alun Griffiths, of Abergavenny, co. Monmouth

children by second wife

2. Lord Caspar Sasha Ivor Spencer-Churchill (b. Sep 2008)

1. Lady Araminta Clementine Megan Spencer-Churchill (b. 8 Apr 2007)

 

 Last updated 30 Oct 2014

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Titles:

12th Duke of Marlborough - England, let. pat. 14 Dec 1702

12th Marquess of Blandford - England, let. pat. 14 Dec 1702

14th Earl of Sunderland - England, let. pat. 8 Jun 1643

12th Earl of Marlborough - England, let. pat. 9 Apr 1689

16th Baron Spencer, of Wormleighton in the County of Warwick - England, let. pat. 21 Jul 1603

12th Baron Churchill, of Sandridge in the County of Hertford - England, let. pat. 14 May 1685

 

Address:

Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, Oxfordshire OX20 1PX

Tel: 01993 811666

 

Website for Blenheim Palace:

www.blenheimpalace.com

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