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Marischal, Earl (S, 1458 - forfeited 1716)

 

Creation: let.pat. c. 4 Jul 1458

 

Forfeited: 1716

 

Family name: Keith

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Arms:

Argent on a Chief Gules three Palets Or;  behind the shield two Baton Gules semée of Thistles ensigned on the top with an Imperial Crown Or placed saltirewise being the insignia of the office of Great Marischal of Scotland

Crest:

A Hart's Head erased proper armed with ten Tynes Or

Supporters:

On either side a Hart proper attired as in the Crest

Motto:

 Veritas Vincit

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William [Keith], 1st Lord Keith later 1st Earl Marischal

younger brother of Sir Robert Keith, Marshal of Scotland 1444-46, and 2nd son of Sir William de Keith, Marshal of Scotland, by his wife Mary .....

born

mar.

Mariota Erskine, 4th dau. of Thomas [Erskine], 2nd Lord Erskine and de jure 13th Earl of Mar, by his wife Janet Douglas

children

1. Hon William Keith, later 2nd Earl Marischal

2. Hon Robert Keith

3. Hon Alexander Keith of Auquhorsk, mar., and had issue

4. Hon John Keith of Craig, mar., and had issue

1. Lady Janet Keith, mar. (1) bef. 16 Jan 1477/8 John Leslie of Balmain (dvp. and sp. bef. 23 Jun 1481), 1st son and heir ap. of Sir Andrew Leslie, Master of Rothes (by his wife Lady Elizabeth Sinclair, dau. by his first wife of William [Sinclair], 1st Earl of Caithness), only son and heir ap. by his second wife of George [Leslie], 1st Earl of Rothes, and (2) bef. 23 Jun 1481 Thomas [Stewart], 2nd Lord Innermeath, and had issue by her second husband

2. Lady Mary Keith, mar. Sir William Murray of Tullibardine (d. 10 Feb 1524/5), and had issue

died

c. 1483

created

bef. Jul 1451 Lord Keith

betw. 5 Nov 1457 and 4 Jul 1458 Earl Marischal of Scotland

suc. by

son

note

 

William [Keith], 2nd Earl Marischal, PC

born

mar.

11 Jan 1481/2 Lady Elizabeth Gordon (d. after 22 Apr 1525), 3rd dau. of George [Gordon], 2nd Earl of Huntly, by his second wife  Lady Annabel Stewart (former wife of Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva), 6th dau. of James I, King of Scotland, by his wife Lady Joan Beaufort, 1st dau. of John [Beaufort], 1st Earl of Somerset

children

1. Hon Robert Keith, MaGillester of Marischal, styled Lord Keith (dvp. bef. 22 Apr 1525), mar. bef. 8 Jan 1505/6 Lady Elizabeth Douglas, 1st dau. of John [Douglas], 2nd Earl of Morton, by his wife Janet Crichton, dau. of Patrick Crichton of Cranston-Riddel, and had issue:

1a. Hon William Keith, later 3rd Earl Marischal

2a. Hon Robert Keith, Commendator of the Abbey of Deer (dspl. 12 Jun 1551)

1a. Lady Elizabeth Keith, mar. 27 Mar 1530 George [Gordon], 4th Earl of Huntly, and had issue

2a. Lady Janet Keith (d. after 24 Nov 1559), mar. 6 Feb 1542/3 John [Lyon], 7th Lord Glamis, and had issue

3a. Lady Christian Keith (d. after 12 Jul 1553), mar. as his second wife Sir Robert Arbuthnott of that Ilk, and had issue

2. Hon William Keith (d. at Flodden 1513)

3. Hon Alexander Keith of Urras, mar., and had issue

1. Lady Janet Keith (d. bef. 25 Aug 1547), mar. Dec 1515 William [Graham], 2nd Earl of Montrose, and had issue

2. Lady Elizabeth Keith (d. after 24 Nov 1549), mar. (1) bef. 1 Mar 1504/5 Colin Oliphant, Master of Oliphant 1505-13 (k. vp. at the Battle of Flodden 9 Sep 1513), 2nd but 1st surv. son and heir ap. of John [Oliphant], 2nd Lord Oliphant, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Campbell, 4th dau. of Colin [Campbell], 1st Earl of Argyll, and (2) after 17 Apr 1524 as his 1st wife William [Sinclair], 4th Lord Sinclair, and had issue by both husbands

3. Lady Agnes Keith (d. c. 1548), mar. as his first wife Sir Archibald Douglas of Glenbervie (d. 18 Sep 1570), 1st son and heir of Hon Sir William Douglas of Glenbervie (by his wife Elizabeth Auchinleck, dau. and hrss. of James Auchinleck of Glenbervie), 2nd son by his first wife of Archibald [Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus, and had issue

4. Lady Beatrix Keith, mar. Alexander Fraser of Philorth

died

betw. 24 Nov 1526 and 2 May 1527

suc. by

grandson

note

Privy Councillor [S] 1489/90; Joint Custodian of the young King James V 1517-20

 

William [Keith], 3rd Earl Marischal, PC

born

mar.

bef. Jun 1538 Margaret Keith, 1st dau. and cohrss. of William Keith, Yr. of Inverugie (by his wife Hon Janet Gray, 4th dau. of Andrew [Gray], 2nd Lord Gray), son and heir ap. of Sir William Keith of Inverugie

children

1. Hon William Keith, Master of Marischal, styled Lord Keith, Privy Councillor [S] 1569 (dvp. 9 Aug 1580), mar. 13 Jan 1543/4 Lady Elizabeth Hay, 1st dau. of George [Hay], 7th Earl of Erroll, by his first wife Margaret Innes, widow of Thomas Innes of Elrick, and dau. of Alexander Robertson of Struan, and had issue:

1a. Hon George Keith, later 4th Earl Marischal

2a. Hon William Keith (dsp.)

3a. Hon Robert Keith (dsp.)

4a. Hon John Keith (dsp.)

1a. Lady Barbara Keith, mar. Alexander Forbes of Pitsligo, and had issue

2a. Lady Margaret Keith, mar. Sir William Keith of Ludquhaim, and had issue

3a. Lady Jean Keith, mar. c. 25 Jul 1582 James Gordon of Methlic and Haddo (d. Nov 1623), and had issue

2. Hon Robert Keith, later 1st Lord Altrie

1. Lady Anne Keith (d. 16 Jul 1588), mar. (1) 8 Feb 1561/2 James [Stewart], 1st Earl of Moray, and (2) bef. 26 Feb 1571/2 as his second wife Colin [Campbell], 6th Earl of Argyll, and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Elizabeth Keith, mar. Sir Alexander Irvine of Drum, and had issue

3. Lady Alison Keith (d. Aug 1567), mar. c. 28 Aug 1550 as his first wife Alexander [Abernethy], 6th Lord Saltoun of Abernethy, and had issue

4. Lady Mary Keith, mar. 1575 as his first wife John Campbell of Calder (d. Feb 1591), and had issue

5. Lady Beatrix Keith, mar. John Allardice of Allardice, and had issue

6. Lady Janet Keith, mar. Sir James Crichton of Frendraught (b. c. 1541; d. c. Jun 1612), only son of William Crichton of Frendraught by his wife Hon Agnes Abernethy, 1st dau. of William [Abernethy], 5th Lord Saltoun of Abernethy, and had issue

7. Lady Margaret Keith, mar. Sir John Kennedy of Blairquhan, and had issue

died

7 Oct 1581

suc. by

grandson

note

an Extraordinary Lord of Session 1541 and 1561-73; Privy Councillor [S]

 

George [Keith], 4th Earl Marischal, PC

born

1553

mar. (1)

25 Feb 1580/1 Hon Margaret Home (b. bef. 5 Dec 1565; d. May 1598), only dau. of Alexander [Home], 5th Lord Home, by his first wife Margaret Ker, 3rd dau. of Sir Walter Ker of Cessford

children by first wife

1. Hon William Keith, later 5th Earl Marischal

1. Lady Anne Keith (d. 30 May 1649), mar. c. Mar 1604 William [Douglas[, 7th Earl of Morton, and had issue

2. Lady Margaret Keith (dsp.), mar. 23 Dec 1615 as his first wife Sir Robert Arbuthnott of that Ilk

mar. (2)

Hon Margaret Ogilvy (mar. (2) bef. 20 Jan 1624 Sir Alexander Strachan of Thornton, 2nd Bt.), dau. of James [Ogilvy], 5th Lord Ogilvy of Airlie, by his wife Hon Jean Forbes, 1st dau. of William [Forbes], 7th Lord Forbes

children by second wife

2. Hon Sir James Keith of Benholm, mar. Margaret Lindsey, only dau. of Hon Sir David Lindsay of Edzell, a Lord of Session as Lord Edzell (by his second wife Isobel Innes, widow of Alexander Innes, 18th of that Ilk, and dau. of Arthur Forbes of Logie and Balfour), 1st son by his second wife of David [Lindsay], 9th Earl of Crawford, and had issue

3. Hon John Keith

died

2 Apr 1623

suc. by

son by first wife

note

a Gentleman of the Chamber in Ordinary 1580; Privy Councillor [S] 1585; headed embassy to Denmark to arrange the marriage of King James VI and Anne of Denmark, who he married as the King's proxy ; suc. his uncle betw. 1 Jul 1592 and 26 Sep 1592 as 2nd Lord Altrie; founded the Marischal College at Aberdeen 1593; High Commissioner to the Scottish Parliament 1609

 

William [Keith], 5th Earl Marischal, PC

born

c. 1585

mar.

12 Oct 1609 Lady Mary Erskine (mar. (2) 15 Jul 1639 as his third wife Patrick [Maule], 1st Earl of Panmure; d. after 25 Jan 1666/7), 1st dau. of John [Erskine], 18th and de jure 2nd Earl of Mar, by his second wife Lady Mary Stuart, 2nd dau. of Esmé [Stuart], 1st Duke of Lennox

children

1. Hon William Keith, later 6th Earl Marischal

2. Hon George Keith, later 7th Earl Marischal

3. Hon Robert Keith

4. Capt Hon Alexander Keith (d. 28 Oct 1644)

5. Hon John Keith, later 1st Earl of Kintore

1. Lady Mary Keith (d. after Apr 1663), mar. after 11 Apr 1632 Hon John Graham, styled Lord Kinpoint (b. c. 1613; dvp. 6 Sep 1644), 1st son and heir ap. of William [Graham], 1st Earl of Airth, by his wife Hon Agnes Gray, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Patrick [Gray], 6th Lord Gray, and had issue

2. Lady Jean Keith, mar. Alexander [Forbes], 1st Lord Forbes of Pitsligo, and had issue

died

28 Oct 1655

suc. by

son

note

Sheriff of Kincardine 1621; granted the Barony of Keith Marischal in Nova Scotia 1625; Privy Councillor [S] 1631; Joint Commissioner for the Scottish Parliament 1631

 

William [Keith], 6th Earl Marischal, PC

born

1614

mar. (1)

22 May 1637 Lady Elizabeth Seton (b. 24 Dec 1621; d. 16 Jun 1650), 4th dau. of George [Seton], 3rd Earl of Winton, by his first wife Lady Anne Hay, 1st dau. by his third wife of Francis [Hay], 9th Earl of Erroll

children by first wife

1. Hon William Keith, styled Lord Keith (b. 11 Aug 1638; dvp. an infant)

1. Lady Mary Keith, mar. (1) 1657 as his second wife Sir James Hope of Hopetoun (d. 1661), and (2) Sir Archibald Murray of Blackbarony

2. Lady Elizabeth Keith (d. Feb 1664), mar. aft. 25 Mar 1658 as his first wife Robert [Arbuthnott], 2nd Viscount of Arbuthnott, and had issue

3. Lady Jean Keith (d. after 1687), mar. aft. 22 Sep 1669 George [Ogilvy], 3rd Lord Banff, and had issue

4. Lady Isabel Keith (d. 1690), mar. 27 Jun 1667 Sir Edward Turnour, of Great Hallingbury, co. Essex, a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber 1680-85, Member of Parliament for Orford 1701-09 and 1710-21 (b. c. 1646; d. 3 Dec 1721), 1st son and heir of Sir Edward Turnour MP, of Little Pandon, co. Essex, Speaker of the House of Commons 1661-71 and Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer 1671-76, by his first wife Sarah Gore, dau. and hrss. of Alderman Gerard Gore, merchant taylor, of London and Shillinglee Park, co. Sussex, and had issue

mar. (2)

Apr 1654 Lady Anne Douglas (dsp. c. 1689), 1st dau. of Robert [Douglas], 8th Earl of Morton, by his wife Hon Elizabeth Villiers, sister of William [Villiers], 2nd Viscount Grandison, and 2nd dau. of Sir Edward Villiers, President of Munster 1622

died

s.p.m.s. Mar 1670/1

suc. by

brother

note

Privy Councillor [S] 1638; he was involved in the attempt to rescue the King and escaped after the Battle of Preston 1648; arrested 1651 and held in the Tower of London until 1660; Lord Privy Seal of Scotland 1660/-1670/1; Sheriff of Aberdeen 1666; Col of Militia 1668

 

George [Keith], 7th Earl Marischal, PC

born

mar.

6 Feb 1662 his second cousin once removed Lady Mary Hay, Lady of the Bedchamber to the Queen (d. 10 Nov 1701), 3rd dau. of George [Hay], 2nd Earl of Kinnoull, by his wife Lady Anne Douglas, 1st dau. of  William [Douglas], 7th Earl of Morton

only child

1. Hon William Keith, later 8th Earl Marischal

died

Mar 1694

suc. by

son

note

a Col in the French Army; fought for the King at Preston 1648 and Worcester 1651, where he was taken prisoner and taken to Windsor Castle; Privy Councillor [S] 1672; Col of Militia 1676

 

William [Keith], 8th Earl Marischal, PC

born

c. 1664

mar.

1690 Lady Mary Drummond (d. 7 Mar 1729), 1st dau. of James [Drummond], 4th Earl of Perth, by his first wife and cousin once removed Lady Jane Douglas, 4th dau. by his second wife of William [Douglas], 1st Marquess of Douglas,

children

1. Hon George Keith, later 9th Earl Marischal

2. Hon James Francis Edward Keith, attainted 1716 along with his brother, in the service of Spain 1719-28, Russia 1728-47 (Governor of the Ukraine) and Prussia, where he was a Field Marshal under King Frederick the Great (b. 4 Jun 1696; d. 13 Oct 1758)

1. Lady Mary Keith (b. May 1695; d. 1721), mar. aft. 8 Feb 1710/1 as his second wife John [Fleming], 6th Earl of Wigtown, and had issue

2. Lady Anne Keith (d. 1728), mar. c. 1719 as his first wife Alexander [Stewart], 6th Earl of Galloway, and had issue

died

27 May 1712

suc. by

son

note

Privy Councillor [S] 1701; as a Tory he was opposed to the Union between England and Scotland; a Jacobite, he was made a Knight of the Thistle by the titular King James III 1705; a Representative Scottish Peer 1710-12

 

George [Keith], 9th Earl Marischal

born

1693

died

28 May 1778

note

Col, 2nd Troop of Horse Guards 1714; signed the proclamation of King George I 1714 but in 1715 joined the Jacobite Rising; commanded the Jacobite right wing at the Battle of Sheriffmuir 1715; attainted 1716 and all his honours forfeited; escaped to Britanny 1716; led an abortive invasion of Scotland 1719 but was defeated at Glenshiel and escaped to France; he took no part in the Jacobite Rising of 1745; in 1747 he entered the service of King Frederick the Great of Prussia, being Prussian Ambassador to Paris 1751-54, Governor of Neufchatel 1754-63, Prussian Ambassador to Spain 1759-61; whilst in Spain he sent intelligence of the Bourbon intrigues to England and was as a result pardoned by George II in 1759 and by Act of Parliament 1760 enabled to inherit any real or personal estate; in 1761 he became entitled to the Earldom of Kintore on the death of his second cousin, but, because he was still under attainder, that peerage remained dormant until his death in 1778; he returned to Scotland in 1763 and the next year he bought back Dunottar and other family estates

 

Following the attainder of the 9th Earl Marischal in 1716 all his peerage titles were forfeited to the Crown.

 

 First written 13 Aug 2003

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