Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?


| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Contact Us | Links |

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Lennox, Earl of (c.1488 - 1571)

 

Creation: let.pat. c. 1488

 

Extinct: 4 Sep 1571

 

Family name: Stuart

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

Arms:

 See Duke of Lennox

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

John [Stuart], 1st Lord Darnley later 1st/10th Earl of Lennox

1st son and heir of Sir Alan Stuart of Darnley (by his first wife Catherine Seton, dau. of Sir William Seton of Seton), 1st son and heir of Sir John Stuart of Darnley by his wife Lady Elizabeth Lennox, cohrss of her sister Lady Isabel Lennox, suo jure Countess of Lennox, and 3rd dau. of Duncan [Lennox], 8th Earl of Lennox

born

mar.

15 May 1438 Margaret Montgomery, 1st dau. of Alexander [Montgomery], 1st Lord Montgomery, by his wife Margaret Boyd, dau. of Sir Thomas Boyd of Kilmarnock

children

1. Hon Matthew Stuart, later 2nd/11th Earl of Lennox

2. Hon William Stuart, Seigneur d'Oyzon and de Grey, Chamberlain to the King of France

3. Hon Alexander Stuart, an archer in the Scots Guard of the King of France (d. bef. 1508)

4. Hon Robert Stuart of Aubigny, Marshal of France (b. c. 1470; dsp. 1543), mar. (1) his cousin Anne Stuart, only dau. of Bernard Stuart, Viceroy of Naples, Duke of Terra Nova, Lord of Aubigny, etc., by his wife Anne de Naumont, and (2) Jacqueline de la Quelle, dau. and cohrss. by his first wife of Francois, Seigneur de la Quelle

5. Hon John Stuart of Henriestoun, Rector of Kirkinner and of the University of Glasgow (d. 1512), mar. (1) Marion Semple, dau. of Thomas Semple of Eliotstoun, and (2) Ann de Moneypenny, dau. and hrss. of Alexander de Moneypenny, Seigneur de Concressault, and had issue by his first wife

1. Lady Elizabeth Stuart, mar. Archibald [Campbell], 2nd Earl of Argyll, and had issue

2. Lady Marion Stuart, mar. 1472 Robert Crichton of Kinnoul, Master of Sanquhar (dvp. betw. 1484 and 1492), 1st son and heir ap. of Robert [Crichton], 1st Lord Crichton of Sanquhar, and had issue

3. Lady Margaret Stuart, mar. as his first wife Sir John Colquhoun of Luss (d. 1536), and had issue

died

bef. 11 Sep 1495

created

c. 1460 Lord Darnley

c. 1488 Earl of Lennox

suc. by

son

note

Governor of Rothesay Castle 1465-66 and 1477; as heir to half the Earldom of Lennox he unsuccessfully claimed the superiority of the earldom, claiming his grandmother was the second dau. of Earl Duncan; Warden of the West Marches 1481; came to an arrangement with the other coheir in 1488 and took his seat as Earl of Lennox

 

Matthew [Stuart], 2nd/11th Earl of Lennox

born

mar. (1)

bef. 13 Jun 1480 Margaret Lyle, dau. of Robert [Lyle], Lord Lyle

mar. (2)

9 Apr 1494 Elizabeth Hamilton (d. aft. Apr 1531), only dau. of James [Hamilton], 1st Lord Hamilton, by his second wife Lady Mary Boyd, former wife of Thomas [Boyd], 1st Earl of Arran, and 1st dau. of James II, King of Scotland

children by second wife

1. Hon William Stuart, Master of Lennox (dvp.), mar. Lady Margaret Graham (mar. (2) 10 Jul 1510 Sir John Somerville of Cambusnettan, 1st dau. by his second wife of William [Graham], 1st Earl of Montrose

2. Hon John Stuart, later 3rd/12th Earl of Lennox

3. Hon Mungo Stuart, had a grant of Dormantside from his brother Earl John 1517, a Lieut in the Scots Guards 1521-53

1. Lady Margaret Stuart, mar. (1) bef. 13 Feb 1508/9 (div. c. 1509, remar. aft. 17 Dec 1509 and div. again bef. 25 Oct 1515) as his second wife John [Fleming], 2nd Lord Fleming, and (2) bef. 1 May 1528 Alexander Douglas of Mains

2. Lady Elizabeth Stuart, mar. as his second wife Sir Hugh Campbell of Loudoun (d. Feb 1560/1), and had issue

3. Lady Agnes Stuart, mar. William Edmonstone of Duntreath

4. Lady Janet Stuart (d. bef. 12 Dec 1523), mar. bef. 15 Nov 1515 as his first wife Ninian [Ross], 3rd Lord Ross

died

9 Sep 1513

suc. by

son by second wife

note

 

John [Stuart], 3rd/12th Earl of Lennox

born

mar.

29 Jan 1511/2 Lady Elizabeth Stewart (mar. (2) 9 Dec 1529 as his third wife Ninian [Ross], 3rd Lord Ross), 7th dau. of John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl, by his second wife Lady Eleanor Sinclair, dau. by his second wife of William [Sinclair], 3rd Earl of Orkney later 1st Earl of Caithness

children

1. Hon Matthew Stuart, later 4th/13th Earl of Lennox

2. Hon Robert Stuart, Provost of Dumbarton, Bishop of Caithness, cr. 16 Jun 1578 Lord Darnley and Earl of Lennox, resigned peerages and cr. 5 Mar 1579/80 Lord Dunbar and Earl of March (b. c.1537; dsp.legit. 29 Aug 1586), mar. 6 Dec 1578 his first cousin twice removed Lady Elizabeth Fraser (widow of Hugh [Fraser], 5th Lord Lovat; mar. (3) 6 Jul 1581 Hon James Stewart of Bothwellmuir, sometime Earl of Arran, 2nd son by his first wife of Andrew [Stewart], 2nd Lord Ochiltree; d. Sep 1595), 1st dau. of John [Stewart], 4th Earl of Atholl, by his first wife Lady Elizabeth Gordon, 3rd dau. of George [Gordon], 4th Earl of Huntly

3. Hon John Stuart, jure uxoris 5th Seigneur d'Aubigny (d. 31 May 1567), mar. c. 1542 Anne de la Quelle (d. after 4 Dec 1579), 4th dau. and cohrss. of Francois, Seigneur de la Quelle, by his second wife Anne de Rohan, dau. of Henri de Rohan, Seigneur de Espinay, and had issue:

1a. Esmé Stuart, 6th Seigneur d'Aubigny later 1st Earl and Duke of Lennox

1. Lady Helen Stuart, mistress of her second cousin once removed King James V, mar. (1) William [Hay], 5th Earl of Erroll, and (2) as his second wife John [Sutherland], 11th Earl of Sutherland, and had issue by both husbands as well as by the King

died

4 Sep 1526

suc. by

son

note

Warden of the East Marches; Lieutenant of Lothian, the Merse and Teviotdale; a Lord of the Regency 1524; Privy Councillor 1526

 

Matthew [Stuart], 4th/13th Earl of Lennox

born

21 Sep 1516

mar.

29 Jun 1544 Lady Margaret Douglas (b. 18 Oct 1515; 9 Mar 1578), only child of Archibald [Douglas], 6th Earl of Angus, by his second wife Queen Margaret, widow of James IV, King of Scotland, and 1st dau. of Henry VII, King of England

children

1. Hon Henry Stuart, styled Lord Darnley, cr. 15 May 1565 Lord Ardmannoch and Earl of Ross and 20 Jul 1565 Duke of Albany, proclaimed King of Scotland 28 Jul 1565 (b. 7 Dec 1545; dvp. 10 Feb 1566/7), mar. 29 Jul 1565 Mary I, Queen of Scots, and had issue:

1a. Prince James, Duke of Rothesay, etc. from birth, Duke of Albany, etc. from 10 Feb 1566/7, suc. to the Throne of Scotland as King James VI on 24 Jul 1567 and to the Throne of England as King James I on 24 Mar 1603

2. Hon Charles Stuart, cr. 18 Apr 1572 Lord Darnley and Earl of Lennox (b. c.1556; dspm. 1576), mar. c. Dec 1574 Elizabeth Cavendish (d. bef. 21 Jan 1581/2), sister of William [Cavendish], 1st Earl of Devonshire, and dau. of Sir William Cavendish, of Chatsworth, co. Derby, by his third wife Elizabeth Hardwicke (the famous "Bess of Hardwicke"), dau. and eventually cohrss. of John Hardwicke, of Hardwicke, co. Derby, and had issue:

1a. Lady Arabella Stuart (b. c. 1577; dsp. 25 Sep 1615), mar. 22 Jun 1610 William Seymour styled Lord Beauchamp later William [Seymour], 2nd Duke of Somerset

died

4 Sep 1571

suc. by

grandson

note

Governor of Dunbarton Castle 1531; a supporter of the French and later English cause in Scotland; found guilty of high treason 1545 and his lands and honours forfeited; forfeiture reversed 1564; Regent for his grandson James VI, King of Scotland, 1570; killed by a supporter of his daughter-in-law Queen Mary 1571

 

He was succeeded by his grandson James VI, King of Scotland, and the Earldom of Lennox was merged in the Crown. It was regranted in 1572 to the King's uncle, in 1578 to the King's great uncle and in 1580 to the King's cousin.

 

Last updated 9 Oct 2011

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

"