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The Later Scottish Kings (1371 - 1603)

 

 

The Arms of the King of Scots - wall hanging at Stirling Castle

 

The Stewarts ruled Scotland for more than two centuries, and Great Britain for another century, yet their hold on the throne was often a tenuous one. Throughout the 15th and 16th centuries, each Scottish monarch succeeded to the throne whilst still a child or a minor, and the country was subjected to continuous faction fights amongst power-hungry nobles. That the dynasty survived at all was nothing short of a miracle. Even the abdication of Queen Mary I in 1567 did not ruin it, for her son James VI was guided by the magnates from his infancy along the path they wanted him to tread, and Elizabeth of England, of course, took care of the displaced Mary by first imprisoning and then executing her. Thus it was that the Stewarts - or Stuarts, as they had become when Mary had married into the French royal house - came to inherit also the throne of England. For Mary's grandfather. James IV, had married Margaret Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England, and when Queen Elizabeth died without heirs in 1603, James VI of Scotland, the great-grandson of Margaret Tudor, was the English Queen's nearest surviving relative.

 

Robert II (1371-1390)

only child of Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland, by his second wife and cousin Lady Marjorie Bruce, half sister and heiress of line in her issue of David II, King of Scotland, and only dau. of Robert I, King of Scotland, by his first wife Lady Isabel of Mar

born

2 Mar 1315/6

mar. (1)

(dispensation dated 22 Nov 1347) Elizabeth Mure (d. bef. 1355), dau. of Sir Adam Mure of Rowallan

children by first wife

1. John, Earl of Carrick, later Robert III, King of Scotland

2. Walter Stewart, jure uxoris Earl of Fife (dsp. betw. 14 Aug 1362 and 10 Jan 1363), mar. bef. 1362 Lady Elizabeth Ramsay, suo jure Countess of Fife (b. bef. 1332; former wife of Sir William Ramsay of Colluthie, jure uxoris Earl of Fife; mar. (3) betw. 10 Jan 1363 and 8 Jun 1363 Sir Thomas Bisset of Upsetlington, jure uxoris Earl of Fife, and (4) John de Dunbar, jure uxoris Earl of Fife; d. after 12 Aug 1389), dau. of Duncan, 10th Earl of Fife, by his wife Lady Mary de Monthermer, dau. of Ralph [de Monthermer], 1st Baron Monthermer, by his wife the Princess Joan "of Acre", 5th dau. by his first wife of Edward I, King of England

3. Robert [Stewart], 1st Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland 1388-1420, cr. 28 Feb 1361 Earl of Menteith and 28 Apr 1398 Duke of Albany (b. c. 1340/1; d. 3 Sep 1420), mar. (1) after 9 Sep 1361 Lady Margaret Drummond, suo jure Countess of Menteith (b. bef. 1334; former wife of (1) Sir John Murray of Bothwell (d. 1352), (2) Thomas, 9th Earl of Mar, and (3) Sir John Drummond of Concraig; d. betw. 20 Jul 1372 and 4 May 1380), dau. of Sir John Graham by his wife Lady Mary, suo jure Countess of Menteith, and had issue:

1a. Murdoch [Stewart], 2nd Duke of Albany (b. 1362; d. 25 May 1425), mar. betw. 17 Feb and 8 Nov 1392 Lady Elizabeth, suo jure Countess of Lennox (b. c. 1370; d. betw. 7 Oct 1456 and 4 May 1458), dau. of Duncan, 8th Earl of Lennox, by his wife Helen Campbell, dau. of Gillespie Campbell of Lochaw, and had issue:

1b. Robert Stewart, styled Master of Fife (dvp. betw. 1416 and Jul 1421)

2b. Sir Walter Stewart of Lennox, beheaded at Stirling (dvp. and sp. legit. 24 May 1425) - he had several mistresses and all his bastards were legitimated on 17 Apr 1479 - he was the ancestor of the Earls of Moray and of Castle Stewart

3b. Sir Alexander Stewart, beheaded at Stirling the day after his brother (d. 25 May 1425), mar. after 29 Apr 1422 his second cousin Egidia Sinclair (widow of Henry [Sinclair], 2nd Earl of Orkney; d. after 1438), sister and hrss. of Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale and only dau. of Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale (by his wife Lady Egidia Stewart, 2nd dau. by his second wife of Robert II, King of Scotland), illegit. son of Archibald [Douglas], 3rd Earl of Douglas

4b. Sir James Stewart of Baldorran (dsp. legit. bef. 18 May 1451), and had issue

1b. Lady Isabella Stewart, mar. Sir Walter Buchanan, 13th of Buchanan, and had issue

1a. Lady Janet Stewart

1a. Lady Mary Stewart, mar. Sir William Abernethy of Saltoun (d. 1420), and had issue

2a. Lady Margaret Stewart, mar. c. 1392 Sir John de Swinton of Swinton (d. 1402), and had issue

3a. Lady Joan Stewart, mar. after 27 Sep 1397 her third cousin Robert [Stewart], 1st Lord Lorne, and had issue

4a. Lady Beatrice Stewart (dsp. c. 1424), mar. James [Douglas], 7th Earl of Douglas and 1st Earl of Avonmore

5a. Lady Isabella Stewart, mar. (1) before 1398 Alexander [Leslie], 9th Earl of Ross, and (2) betw. 1402 and 2 Feb 1408 Walter Haliburton of Dirleton, and had issue by both husbands

The 1st Duke of Albany mar. (2) after 4 May 1380 Muriella Keith (d. bef. 1 Jun 1449), dau. of Sir William Keith by his wife Margaret Fraser, dau. of John Fraser, and had further issue:

2a. John [Stewart], 3rd Earl of Buchan (b. 1381; d. 17 Aug 1424), mar. Nov 1413 his first cousin once removed Lady Elizabeth Douglas (mar. (2) Sir Thomas Stewart, and (3) William [Sinclair], 3rd Earl of Orkney; d. bef. 1451), only dau. of Archibald [Douglas], 4th Earl of Douglas, by his wife the Lady Margaret Stewart, 1st dau. of Robert III, King of Scotland, and had issue:

1b. Lady Margaret Stewart, mar. bef. 1436 George [Seton], 1st Lord Seton, and had issue

3a. Andrew Stewart (d. bef. 1413)

4a. Sir Robert Stewart, de jure 4th Earl of Buchan (d. after 1431)

6a. Lady Marjorie Stewart, mar. as his first wife Duncan [Campbell], 1st Lord Campbell, and had issue

7a. Lady Elizabeth Stewart, mar. bef. 28 Jun 1413 Sir Malcolm Fleming of Biggar and Cumbernauld (d. 1440), and had issue

4. Alexander [Stewart], 1st Earl of Buchan, called "the Wolf of Badenoch", cr. 30 Mar 1371 Lord of Badenoch, 22 Jul 1382 Earl of Buchan and styled Earl of Ross jure uxoris from Jul 1382 (b. c. 1343 ; dsp. legit. before 25 Mar 1406), mar. 22 Jul 1382 Lady Euphemia Leslie, suo jure Countess of Ross (b. after 1342; widow of Sir Walter Leslie, jure uxoris Earl of Ross; d. betw. 5 Sep 1394 and 20 Feb 1395), dau. of William, 7th Earl of Ross, by his wife Mary of the Isles, dau. of Angus Og, Lord of the Isles

1. Elizabeth, mar. before 7 Nov 1372 Sir Thomas de la Haye of Erroll (d. 1406), and had issue

2. Isabella, mar. (1) after 24 Sep 1371 James [Douglas], 2nd Earl of Douglas, and (2) betw. 1358 and 1390 Sir John Edmondston of Duntreath, and had issue by both husbands

3. Jean (d. after 1404), mar. (1) 17 Jan 1373/4 Sir John Keith (d. 1375), (2) betw. 27 Jun 1376 and 4 Oct 1376 Sir John Lyon of Glamis (d. 1382), and (3) c. Nov 1384 Sir James Sandilands of Calder, and had issue by all three husbands

4. Katherine (d. after 1394), mar. Sir Robert Logan of Restalrig, and had issue

5. Margaret, mar. after 14 Jun 1350 John [Macdonald], Lord of the Isles, and had issue

6. Marjorie (d. after 6 May 1417), mar. (1) after 11 Jul 1370 John [de Dunbar], Earl of Moray, and (2) before 24 Apr 1403 Sir Alexander Keith of Grandown, and had issue by both husbands

mar. (2)

(dispensation dated 2 May 1355) Lady Euphemia Randolph (widow of John [Randolph], 3rd Earl of Moray; d. 1387), dau. of Hugh, 6th Earl of Ross, by his wife Margaret Graham

children by second wife

5. David [Stewart], 1st Earl of Strathearn and of Caithness, cr. 26 Mar 1371 Earl Palatine of Strathearn and betw. 21 Nov 1375 and 28 Dec 1377 Earl of Caithness (b. c. 1356; d. before 5 Mar 1389), mar. ..... Lindsay, dau. of Sir Alexander Lindsay of Glenesk by his wife Katherine Stirling, dau. of Sir John Stirling of Glenesk, and had issue:

1a. Lady Euphemia Stewart, suo jure Countess of Caithness and Strathearn (b. before 1375; d. 15 Oct 1434), mar. (1) bef. 24 Aug 1406 Sir Patrick Graham of Dundaff and Kilpont (d. 1413), and (2) Sir Patrick Dunbar of Bele (d. after 1438), and had issue by both husbands

6. Walter [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl, cr. 1378 Lord of Brechin, bef. Jul 1402 Earl of Caithness (resigned in favour of son 13 Dec 1429), c. 28 Apr 1404 Earl of Atholl, 22 Sep 1409 Lord of Cortachy and 22 Jul 1427 Earl Palatine of Strathearn (v. c. 1360; d. 26 Mar 1437), mar. before 19 Oct 1378 Margaret de Barclay (d. before 1 Aug 1404), dau. of Sir David de Barclay of Brechin, by his wife Janet Keith, dau. of Sir Edward Keith of Synton, and had issue:

1a. Alexander [Stewart], 2nd Earl of Caithness (dvp. 1431)

2a. David Stewart (dvp. after Feb 1433), mar., and had issue:

1b. Sir Robert Stewart, Master of Atholl (d. 26 Mar 1437)

7. Elizabeth, mar. c. 1384 David [Lindsay], 1st Earl of Crawford, and had issue

8. Egidia/Jill (d. after 1388), mar. c. 1387 Sir William Douglas of Nithsdale, and had issue

died

19 Apr 1390

created

16 Feb 1341/2 Earl of Atholl

bef. 1357/8 Earl of Strathearn

suc. by

son by first wife

note

suc. his father 9 Apr 1326/7 as 7th High Steward of Scotland; Regent of Scotland 1335-41 and 1346-57; suc. his uncle 22 Feb 1370/1 as King of Scotland

 

Robert III (1390-1406)

born

1337

mar.

c. 1367 Annabella Drummond (b. c. 1350; d. c. Oct 1401), dau. of Sir John Drummond of Stobhall, by his wife Mary Montifex, dau. of Sir William Montifex

children

1. David, cr. betw. 19 Apr 1390 and 2 Jan 1391 Earl of Carrick, 28 Apr 1398 Duke of Rothesay and 6 Sep 1398 Earl of Atholl (b. 24 Oct 1378; dvp. and sp. 26 Mar 1402), mar. Feb 1399/1400 Lady Marjorie Douglas (mar. (2) 1403 Sir Walter Haliburton of Dirleton; d. bef. 11 May 1421), only dau. of Archibald [Douglas]. 3rd Earl of Douglas, by his wife Lady Joan Moray, widow of Sir Thomas Moray, Lord of Bothwell, and only child and hrss. of Maurice [Moray], 1st Earl of Strathearn

2. James, Duke of Rothesay later James I, King of Scotland

3. Robert (d. unm.)

1. Margaret (d. betw. 26 Jan 1449 and Sep 1456), mar. bef. 1390 Alexander [Douglas], 4th Earl of Douglas later 1st Duke of Touraine, and had issue

2. Mary (d. c. 1458), mar. (1) after 24 May 1397 George [Douglas], 1st Earl of Angus, (2) 1404 Sir James Kennedy, Yr. of Dunure;  (3) 13 Nov 1413  Sir William Graham of Kincardine and Old Montrose; and (4) 1425 Sir William Edmondstone of Duntreath, and had issue by all four husbands

3. Egidia (d. unm.)

4. Elizabeth (d. bef. 1411), mar. bef. 10 Nov 1387 Sir James Douglas of Dalkeith (d. 1441), and had issue

died

4 Apr 1406

suc. by

son

 

James I (1406-1437)

born

Dec 1394

mar.

2 Feb 1423/4 Lady Joan Beaufort (mar. (2) 1439 Sir James Stewart of Lorne; d. 15 Jul 1445), 1st dau. of John [Beaufort], 1st Marquess of Somerset (by his wife Lady Margaret de Holand, 2nd dau. of Thomas [de Holand], 2nd or 5th Earl of Kent), 1st son of John "of Gaunt", 1st Duke of Lancaster (by his third wife and former mistress Katherine de Swynford, widow of Sir Hugh de Swynford, of Coleby and Kettlethorpe, co. Lincoln, and 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Payn de Roët, Guienne King of Arms), 4th son of Edward III, King of England

children

1. Alexander, Duke of Rothesay (b. 16 Oct 1430; dvp. 1430)

2. James, Duke of Rothesay, later King James II

1. Margaret (b. Dec 1424; dsp. 16 Aug 1445), mar. 24 Jun 1436 Louis XI, King of France

2. Isabella (d. 1494), mar. 30 Oct 1442 Francis I, Duke of Britanny, and had issue

3. Eleanor (b. 26 Oct 1427; dsp. 1480), mar. 12 Feb 1449 Sigismund of Tyrol, Archduke of Austria

4. Joan (b. c. 1428; d. 16 Oct 1486), mar. bef. 15 May 1459 James [Douglas], 1st Earl of Morton, and had issue

5. Mary, suo jure Countess of Buchan (d. 20 Mar 1465), mar. 1444 Wolfert van Borssele, Count of Grandpré, and had issue

6. Annabel, mar. (1) 14 Dec 1447 (div. 1458) Louis of Savoy, Count of Geneva, and (2) bef. 10 Mar 1459/60 (div. 24 Jul 1471) as his second wife George [Gordon], 2nd Earl of Huntly, and had issue by her second husband

died

21 Feb 1436/7

suc. by

son

 

James II (1437-1460)

born

16 Oct 1430

mar.

3 Jul 1449 Mary of Guelders (b. 1433; d. 1 Dec 1463), dau. of Arnold, Duke of Guelders, by his wife Katherine of Cleves, dau. of Adolf, Duke of Cleves

children

1. James, Duke of Rothesay, later King James III

2. Alexander [Stewart], 1st Duke of Albany, cr. 8 Jul 1455 Baron of Annandale and Earl of March; 4 Jul 1457 Duke of Albany; titles declared forfeit 4 Oct 1479, restored 1482, cr. Sep 1482 Earl of Mar and Garioch, titles declared forfeit again 27 Jun 1483 (b. c. 1445/5; d. 1485), mar. (1) c. 1475 (div. 2 Mar 1478 and issue declared illegitimate) his second cousin Lady Katherine Sinclair, 1st dau. of William [Sinclair], 3rd Earl of Orkney later 1st Earl of Caithness, by his first wife and cousin Lady Elizabeth Douglas, only dau. of Archibald [Douglas], 4th Earl of Douglas, by his wife Lady Margaret Stewart, 1st dau. of Robert III, King of Scotland, and had issue:

1a. Andrew Stewart

2a. A son (b. 1477; d. bef. 1479)

3a. Alexander Stewart, Bishop of Moray 1528-37 (b. c. 1478; dsp. legit. 19 Dec 1537)

1a. Lady Margaret Stewart (d. after 5 Jul 1542), mar. Sir Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil (d. 1520)

The 1st Duke of Albany mar. (2) betw. 16 Jan 1479 and 4 Dec 1479 Anne de la Tour (mar. (2) 17 Feb 1487 Louis, Count of La Chambre; d. 13 Oct 1512), dau. of Bertrand de la Tour, Count of Auvergne, by his wife Louise de la Trémouille, dau. of George de la Trémouille, Seigneur de la Trémouille, and had further issue:

4a. John [Stewart], 2nd Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland 1515-24 (b. c. 1483; dsp. legit. 2 Jun 1536), mar. 13 Jul 1505 his first cousin Anne de la Tour, suo jure Countess of Auvergne and Boulogne (b. after 1495; d. Jun 1524), dau. of John de la Tour, Count of Auvergne and Lauraguais, by his wife Joan of Vendôme, dau. of John of Bourbon, Count of Vendôme

3. David [Stewart], 1st Earl of Moray, cr. 12 Feb 1456 Earl of Moray (b. bef. 12 Feb 1456; d. bef. 16 Jul 1457)

4. John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Mar and Garioch, cr. betw. 21 Jun 1458 and 25 Jun 1459 Earl of Mar and Garioch (b. after Oct 1456; d. 9 Jul 1479)

1. Mary (b. bef. 16 May 1452; d. c. May 1488), mar. (1) bef. 26 Apr 1467 (div. Feb 1473/4) Thomas [Boyd], 1st Earl of Arran, and (2) bef. Apr 1474 James [Hamilton], 1st Lord Hamilton, and had issue by both husbands

2. Margaret, abducted and seduced by William [Crichton], 3rd Lord Crichton, who was in rebellion against her brother, King James III

died

3 Aug 1460

suc. by

son

 

James III (1460-1488)

born

10 Jul 1452

mar.

13 Jul 1469 Margaret of Denmark (c. 1456/7; d. 14 Jul 1486), dau. of Christian I, King of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, by his wife Dorothy of Brandenburg, dau. of John III, Margrave and Elector of Brandenburg-Culmbach

children

1. James, Duke of Rothesay, later King James IV

2. James [Stewart], 1st Duke of Ross, cr. 1476 (sic?) Marquess of Ormonde, 23 Jan 1481 Duke of Ross and 29 Jan 1488 Earl of Ardmannach and Lord of Brechin and Nevar (b. Mar 1476; d. 12 Jan 1504)

3. John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Mar, cr. 2 Mar 1486 Earl of Mar (b. betw. 16 Jul 1479 and 12 Jul 1480; d. 11 Mar 1503)

died

11 Jun 1488

suc. by

son

 

James IV (1488-1513)

born

17 Mar 1472/3

mar.

8 Aug 1503 Princess Margaret of England (b. 28 Nov 1489; mar. (2) 6 Aug 1514 (div. 11 Mar 1527/8) as his second wife Archibald [Douglas], 6th Earl of Angus, and (3) Mar 1528 Henry [Stewart], 1st Lord Methven; d. 18 Oct 1541), 1st dau. of Henry VII, King of England, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Plantagenet, 1st dau. of Edward IV, King of England

children

1. James, Duke of Rothesay (b. 21 Feb 1507 ; dvp. 27 Feb 1508)

2. Arthur, Duke of Rothesay (b. 20 Oct 1509; dvp. 14 Jul 1510)

3. James, Duke of Rothesay, later James V, King of Scotland

4. Alexander [Stewart], 1st Duke of Ross (b. 12 Apr 1514; d. 18 Dec 1515)

1. a dau. (b. and d. 15 Jul 1508)

2. a dau. (b. and d. Nov 1512)

died

9 Sep 1513 (k. at the Battle of Flodden)

suc. by

son

 

King James IV had the following illegitimate children:

By Marion Boyd

1. Alexander Stewart, Archbishop of St Andrews (b. c. 1493; k. with his father at the Battle of Flodden 9 Sep 1513)

1. Lady Catherine Stewart (b. c. 1494; d. after 22 Apr 1543), mar. bef. 10 Dec 1507 her cousin James [Douglas], 3rd Earl of Morton, and had issue

By Margaret Drummond (d. May 1502 by poison), 1st dau. of John [Drummond], 1st Lord Drummond, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Lindsay, only dau. of Alexander [Lindsay], 4th Earl of Crawford

2. Lady Margaret Stewart, mar. (1) Nov 1512 John Gordon, styled Lord Gordon (dvp. 5 Dec 1517), 1st son and heir ap. of Alexander [Gordon], 3rd Earl of Huntly, by his first wife Lady Janet Stewart, 1st dau. by his first wife of John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl, and (2) 20 Jan 1530/1 Sir John Drummond of Innerpeffry, and had issue by both husbands

By Janet Kennedy (d. after Dec 1543), 2nd dau. of John [Kennedy], 2nd Lord Kennedy, by his second wife Lady Elizabeth Hay, widow of Nicholas [Hay], 2nd Earl of Erroll, and dau. by his second wife of Alexander [Seton later Gordon], 1st Earl of Huntly

2. James Stewart, later 1st Earl of Moray

3. Lady Margaret Stewart (dvp. an infant)

4. Lady Jane Stewart (dvp. an infant)

By his first cousin once removed Agnes Stewart (mar. (1) aft. 28 Aug 1511 Adam [Hepburn], 2nd Earl of Bothwell; (2) 3 Jun 1514 Alexander [Home], 3rd Lord Home, (3) betw. 1520 and 15 Nov 1525 as his second wife Robert [Maxwell], 4th Lord Maxwell, and (4) bef. 13 Dec 1549 Cuthbert Ramsay, son of Nicholas Ramsay of Dalhousie; she was legitimated 31 Oct 1552 ; d. Feb 1557), illegit. dau. of James [Stewart], 1st Earl of Buchan, by his mistress Margaret Murray

3. Lady Janet Stewart, Governess to Mary I, Queen of Scotland 1548 and later mistress of Henry II, King of France (b. 17 Jul 1502; d. betw. 5 Oct 1560 and 20 Feb 1562/3), mar. after 28 Feb 1523/4 Malcolm [Fleming], 3rd Lord Fleming, and had issue

 

James V (1513-1542)

born

10 Apr 1512

mar. (1)

1 Jan 1536/7 Madeline of France (b. 10 Aug 1520; dsp. 7 Jul 1537), dau. of Francis I, King of France, by his wife Claude of France, dau. of Louis XII, King of France

mar. (2)

May 1538 Marie of Guise, Regent of Scotland 1554-60 (b. 22 Nov 1515; widow of Louis II, Duke of Longueville; d. 10 Jun 1560), dau. of Claude I of Lorraine, Duke of Guise, by his wife Antoinette of La Marche, dau. of Francis I de Bourbon, Count of La Marche and Vendôme

children by second wife

1. James, Duke of Rothesay (b. 22 May 1540; dvp. Apr 1541)

2. Arthur, Duke of Albany (b. and dvp. Apr 1541)

1. Mary, later Mary I, Queen of Scotland

died

14 Dec 1542

suc. by

daughter by second wife

 

King James V had the following illegitimate children:

By Catherine Carmichael, dau. of Sir John Carmichael

1. Lord John Stewart, later 1st Lord Darnley

By Hon Margaret Erskine (mar. after 11 Jul 1527 Sir Robert Douglas of Lochleven; d. 5 May 1572), 2nd dau. of John [Erskine], 5th Lord Erskine and de jure 16th Earl of Mar, by his wife Lady Margaret Campbell, 1st dau. of Archibald [Campbell], 2nd Earl of Argyll

2. Lord James Stewart, later 1st Earl of Moray

By Hon Euphemia Elphinstone (b. 11 May 1509; mar. aft. 13 Apr 1540 John Bruce of Cutmalindie), 2nd dau. of Alexander [Elphinstone], 1st Lord Elphinstone, by his wife Elizabeth Berlay or Barlow, an English lady attached to the Court of Margaret, Queen Consort of King James IV

3. Lord Robert Stewart, later 1st Earl of Orkney

By Elizabeth Shaw of Sauchie

4. Lord James Stewart, Abbot of Kelso and Melrose (b. c. 1529; d. 1557)

By Christine Barclay

5. Lord James Stewart

By Lady Helen Stewart (mar. (1) William [Hay], 5th Earl of Erroll, and (2) as his second wife John [Sutherland], 11th Earl of Sutherland), only dau. of John [Stewart], 3rd/12th Earl of Lennox, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Stewart, 7th dau. by his second wife of John [Stewart], 1st Earl of Atholl

6. Lord Adam Stewart, Prior of the Charterhouse, Perth (d. 20 Jun 1575;  bur. in the Cathedral of St Magnus, Kirkwall, Orkney), mar. Janet Ruthven (d. 20 Jun 1606), 1st dau. of Hon William Ruthven of Ballendean (by his wife Agnes Crichton, dau. of Sir John Crichton of Strathurd), only son of William [Ruthven], 1st Lord Ruthven, by his second wife Christian Forbes, only dau. of William [Forbes], 3rd Lord Forbes, and had issue

By Elizabeth Bethune (mar. (1) betw. 7 Jan 1536/7 and 1540 John [Stewart], 4th Lord Innermeath, and (2) Jun 1573 (div. 1581) Hon James Gray, 4th son of Patrick [Gray], 4th Lord Gray), dau. of Sir John Bethune of Creich

1. Lady Jean Stewart (dsp. 7 Jan 1587/8), mar. 1 Jul 1553 (div. 23 Jun 1573) as his first wife Archibald [Campbell], 5th Earl of Argyll

By unknown mothers

7. Lord Robert Stewart, Prior of Whithorn (d. 1581)

2. Lady Margaret Stewart

 

Mary I (1542-1567)

born

7 Dec 1542

mar. (1)

24 Apr 1558 Francis II, King of France

mar. (2)

29 Jul 1565 her half-cousin Hon Henry Stewart, styled Lord Darnley, cr. 15 May 1565 Lord Ardmanach, Earl of Ross and Duke of Albany (d. 10 Feb 1566/7), 1st son and heir of Matthew [Stewart], 4th or 13th Earl of Lennox, by his wife Lady Margaret Douglas, only child of Archibald [Douglas], 6th Earl of Angus, by his second wife Princess Margaret of England, widow of James IV, King of Scotland, and 1st dau. of Henry VII, King of England

only child by second husband

1. James, Duke of Rothesay, later James VI, King of Scotland

mar. (3)

15 May 1567 James [Hepburn], 4th Earl of Bothwell, cr. 12 May 1567 Duke of Orkney (dsp. 14 Apr 1578)

died

8 Feb 1586/7

suc. by

son by second husband

note

abdicated 24 Jul 1567

 

James VI (1567-1625)

note

suc. his cousin Elizabeth I, Queen of England, 24 Mar 1603 as James I, King of England

 

 Last updated 9 Nov 2003

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