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Lansdowne, Marquess of (GB, 1784)

 

Creation: let. pat. 6 Dec 1784

 

Family name: Petty later Petty-FitzMaurice later Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice later Petty-FitzMaurice

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Ermine on a Bend Azure a Magnetic Needle pointing at a Polar Star Or (Petty);  2nd and 3rd, Argent a Saltire Gules a Chief Ermine (Fitzmaurice)

Crests:

1st:  a Beehive beset with Bees diversely volant proper (Petty);  2nd: a Centaur drawing a Bow and Arrow proper the part from the waist Argent (Fitzmaurice)

Supporters:

On either side a Pegasus Ermine bridled crined winged and unguled Or each charged on the shoulder with a Fleur-de-lis Azure

Motto:

Virtute Non Verbis (By courage not words)

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William [FitzMaurice later Petty], 2nd Earl of Shelburne later 1st Marquess of Lansdowne, KG PC

1st son and of John [FitzMaurice later Petty], 1st Earl of Shelburne, by his wife and cousin Mary FitzMaurice, dau. of Hon William FitzMaurice, of Gallane, co. Kerry

born

2 May 1737

mar. (1)

3 Feb 1765 Lady Sophia Carteret (b. 26 Aug 1745; d. 5 Jan 1771), half-sister and cohrss. in her issue of Robert [Carteret], 3rd Earl Granville, and only child of John [Carteret], 2nd Earl Granville, by his second wife Lady Sophia Fermor, 2nd dau. of Thomas [Fermor], 1st Earl of Pomfret

only child by first wife:

1. Lord John Henry Petty, later 2nd Marquess of Lansdowne

mar. (2)

19 Jul 1779 Lady Louisa FitzPatrick (b. 1755; d. 7 Aug 1789), 2nd dau. of John [FitzPatrick], 1st Earl of Upper Ossory, by his wife Lady Evelyn Leveson-Gower, 5th dau. by his first wife of John [Leveson-Gower], 1st Earl Gower

children by second wife:

2. Lord Henry Petty later Petty-FitzMaurice, later 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne

1. Lady Louisa Petty (d. young)

died

7 May 1805

created

6 Dec 1784 Viscount Calne and Calston, Earl Wycombe, of Chipping Wycombe in the County of Buckingham, and Marquess of Lansdowne

suc. by

son by first wife

note

entered the Army 1757: Col and ADC to the King 1760-63, Maj Gen 1765, Lieut Gen 1772 and Gen 1783; Member of Parliament for Chipping Wycombe 1760-61; suc. his father 10 May 1761 as 2nd Earl of Shelburne;  Privy Councillor 1763; First Lord of Trade 1763; Secretary of State for the South 1766-68; Foreign Secretary 1782; Knight of the Garter 1782; First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister) 1782-83

 

John Henry [Petty], 2nd Marquess of Lansdowne

born

6 Dec 1765

mar.

27 May 1805 Mary Arabella Giffard (widow of Sir Duke Giffard, of Castle Jordan, co. Meath;  d. 24 Apr 1833), dau. of Rev Hinton Maddox, of Darland

died

s.p. 15 Nov 1809

suc. by

half brother

note

Member of Parliament (Whig) for Chipping Wycombe 1786-1802

 

Henry [Petty later Petty-FitzMaurice], 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, KG PC

born

2 Jul 1780

mar.

30 Mar 1808 Lady Louisa Emma Fox-Strangways, a Lady of the Bedchamber 1837-38 (b. 27 Jun 1785; d. 3 Mar 1851), 5th dau. of Henry Thomas [Fox-Strangways], 2nd Earl of Ilchester, by his wife Mary Theresa O'Grady, dau. of Standish O'Grady

children:

1. Lord William Thomas Petty-FitzMaurice, styled Earl of Kerry, Member of Parliament (Liberal) for Calne 1832-36 (b. 30 Mar 1811;  dvp. 21 Aug 1836), mar. 18 Mar 1834 Lady Augusta Lavinia Priscilla Ponsonby (b. 11 May 1814; mar. (2) 2 Apr 1845 Hon Charles Alexander Gore, yr. brother of Philip Yorke [Gore], 4th Earl of Arran;  d. 19 Nov 1904), 2nd dau. of John William [Ponsonby], 4th Earl of Bessborough, and had issue:

1a. Lady Mary Caroline Petty-FitzMaurice (d. 17 Sep 1927), mar. 4 Oct 1860 Lt Gen Rt Hon Sir Percy Egerton Herbert KCB MP (d. 7 Oct 1876), 2nd son of Edward [Clive later Herbert], 2nd Earl of Powis, and had issue

2. Lord Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, later 5th Baron Wycombe later 4th Marquess of Lansdowne

1. Lady Louisa Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 5 Mar 1814; d. 12 Jun 1906), mar. 10 Feb 1845 Hon James Kenneth Howard (d. 7 Jan 1882), 4th son of Thomas [Howard], 16th Earl of Suffolk, and had issue

died

31 Jan 1863

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament (Whig) for Calne 1802-06, for the University of Cambridge 1806-07 and for Camelford 1807-09; Privy Councillor 1806; Chancellor of the Exchequer 1806-07; suc. his cousin 4 Jul 1818 as 4th Earl of Kerry and Viscount Clanmaurice;  Lord High Constable of Ireland at the Coronation of George IV 1821; Trustee of the British Museum 1823-63; Minister without Portfolio 1827 and 1852-58; Home Secretary 1827-28;  Lord President of the Council 1830-34, 1835-41 and 1846-52; Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire 1827-63; Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow 1829-31; Trustee of the National Gallery 1834-63; Knight of the Garter 1836

 

Henry [Petty-FitzMaurice], 5th Baron Wycombe later 4th Marquess of Lansdowne, KG

born

7 Jan 1816

mar. (1)

18 Aug 1840 Lady Georgiana Herbert (b. 3 Aug 1817; dsp. 28 Feb 1841), 4th dau. of George Augustus [Herbert], 11th Earl of Pembroke, by his second wife Catherine, only dau. of Simon, Count Woronzow

mar. (2)

1 Nov 1843 Hon Emily Jane Mercer Elphinstone de Flahault, suo jure Lady Nairne (b. 16 May 1819; d. 25 Jun 1895), 1st dau. of Comte Auguste Charles Joseph de Flahault de la Billardrie, by his wife Hon Margaret Keith, suo jure Baroness Keith of Stonehaven Marischal, Baroness Keith of Banheath and Lady Nairne, only dau. by his first wife of George Keith [Elphinstone], 1st Viscount Keith

children by second wife:

1. Lord Henry Charles Keith Petty-FitzMaurice, later 5th Marquess of Lansdowne

2. Lord Edmond George Patty-FitzMaurice, later 1st Baron Fitzmaurice

1. Lady Emily Louisa Anne Petty-FitzMaurice (d. 2 Dec 1939), mar. 2 Jun 1886 Col Hon Everard Charles Digby (b. 6 Sep 1852; d. 16 Jan 1915), 3rd son of Edward St Vincent [Digby], 9th Baron Digby, and had issue

died

5 Jul 1866

suc. by

son by second wife

note

Member of Parliament (Liberal) for Calne 1837-56; a Lord of the Treasury 1847-48; Under Secretary for Foreign Affairs 1856-58; sum. to Parliament v.p. 14 Jul 1856 in his father's Barony of Wycombe; Knight of the Garter 1864

 

Henry Charles Keith [Petty-FitzMaurice], 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, KG GCSI GCMG GCIE PC

born

14 Jan 1845

mar.

8 Nov 1869 Lady Maud Evelyn Hamilton GBE CI VA CH DGStJ, Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Alexandra 1905-09 and Extra Lady of the Bedchamber 1910-25 (b. 17 Dec 1850; d. 21 Oct 1932), 7th dau. of James [Hamilton], 1st Duke of Abercorn, by his wife Lady Louisa Jane Russell, 2nd dau. by his second wife of John [Russell], 6th Duke of Bedford

children:

1. Lord Henry William Edmund Petty-FitzMaurice, later 6th Marquess of Lansdowne

2. Maj Lord Charles George Francis Petty-FitzMaurice later Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice MVO, of Meikleour and Tullybeagles, co. Perth, and Aldie, co. Kinross, Equerry in Ordinary to HRH Prince of Wales 1909-10 and Equerry to HM King George V 1910-14 (b. 12 Feb 1874;  dvp. 30 Oct 1914), mar. 20 Jan 1909 Lady Violet Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound (b. 28 May 1889; mar. (2) 28 Aug 1916 John Jacob [Astor], 1st Baron Astor of Hever;  d. 3 Jan 1965), 3rd dau. of Gilbert John [Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound], 4th Earl of Minto, and had issue:

1a. George John Charles Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice, later 8th Marquess of Lansdowne

1a. Lady (Mary) Margaret Elizabeth Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice, granted the style and rank of a daughter of a Marquess by Royal Warrant 1946 (b. 6 Feb 1910; d. 4 Mar 2003), mar. 27 Jul 1931 Lt Col Ririd Myddelton MVO (b. c. 1903; d. 7 Feb 1988), son of Col Robert Edward Myddelton, of Chirk Castle, and had issue

1. Lady Evelyn Emily Mary Petty-FitzMaurice GCVO DJStJ, Mistress of the Robes to HM Queen Mary 1910-53 (b. 27 Aug 1870;  d. 2 Apr 1960), mar. 30 Jul 1892 Victor Christian [Cavendish], 9th Duke of Devonshire, and had issue

2. Lady Beatrix Frances Petty-FitzMaurice GBE DGStJ (b. 25 Mar 1877;  d. 5 Aug 1953), mar. (1) 16 Oct 1897 Henry de la Poer [Beresford], 6th Marquess of Waterford, and (2) 19 Aug 1918 Osborne de Vere [Beauclerk], 12th Duke of St Albans, and had issue by her first husband

died

3 Jun 1927

suc. by

son

note

a Lord of the Treasury 1868-72; Under Secretary for War 1872-74; Under Secretary for India 1880; Governor General and Commander-in-Chief of Canada 1883-88; GCMG 1884; GCSI and GCIE 1888; Viceroy of India 1888-93; Trustee of the National Gallery 1894-1927; Knight of the Garter 1894; suc. his mother 25 Jun 1895 as 9th Lord Nairne;  Privy Councillor 1895; Secretary of State for War 1895-1900; Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire 1896-1920; Foreign Secretary 1900-05; Royal Victorian Chain 1905; Minister without Portfolio 1915-16; Chancellor of the Order of St Michael and St George 1917-20

 

Henry William Edmund [Petty-FitzMaurice], 6th Marquess of Lansdowne, DSO MVO

born

14 Jan 1872

mar.

16 Feb 1904 Elizabeth Caroline Hope (b. 4 Mar 1885; mar. (2) 14 Feb 1940 Lord Colum Edmund Crichton-Stuart KM MP, 3rd son of John Patrick [Crichton-Stuart], 3rd Marquess of Bute;  d. 25 Mar 1964), only dau. of Sir Edward Stanley Hope KCB, by his wife Constance Christine Leslie, 2nd dau. of Sir John Leslie, 1st Bt., of Glaslough, co. Monaghan

children:

1. Lord Henry Maurice John Petty-FitzMaurice, styled Earl of Kerry (b. 7 Oct 1913;  dvp. 12 Sep 1933)

2. Lord Charles Hope Petty-FitzMaurice, later 7th Marquess of Lansdowne

3. Lt Lord Edward Norman Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 28 Jul 1922; d. 11 Aug 1944)

1. Lady Katherine Evelyn Constance Petty-FitzMaurice, later suo jure Lady Nairne

2. Lady Elizabeth Mary Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 16 Mar 1927; d. 28 Jun 2016), mar. 27 Jun 1950 Maj Charles William Lambton, of The Old Rectory, Calstone Wellington, Calne, co. Wiltshire (b 22 Apr 1921; d. 3 May 2005), only son of Brig Gen Hon Charles Lambton DSO (by his wife Lavinia Marion Garforth, 1st dau. of William Henry Garforth, of Westow Hall, co. York), 4th son of George Frederick D'Arcy [Lambton], 2nd Earl of Durham, and had issue

died

5 Mar 1936

suc. by

son

note

extra ADC to Field Marshal Earl Roberts in South Africa 1809-1900; DSO 1900; MVO 1905; Member of LCC (West Marylebone) 1907-10; Member of Parliament (Unionist) for West Derby 1908-18; Senator, Irish Free State 1922

 

Charles Hope [Petty-FitzMaurice], 7th Marquess of Lansdowne

born

9 Jan 1917

died

20 Aug 1944

suc. by

cousin

note

on his death the Lordship of Nairne passed to his elder sister Lady Katherine Evelyn Constance Bigham, Viscountess Mersey

 

George John Charles [Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice], 8th Marquess of Lansdowne, PC

born

27 Nov 1912

mar. (1)

18 Mar 1938 Barbara Chase (d. 17 Feb 1965), dau. of Harold Stuart Chase, of Santa Barbara, California USA, by his wife Gertrude Boyer

children by first wife:

1. Lord Charles Maurice Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice later Petty-FitzMaurice, later 9th Marquess of Lansdowne

2. Lord Robert Harold Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 16 Feb 1947), mar. 1 Nov 1972 Jane Elizabeth Gordon, only dau. of Lt Col Lord Douglas Claude Alexander Gordon DSO (by his first wife Suzanne Houssemayne de Boulay, dau. of Lt Col Arthur Houssemayne de Boulay DSO), younger brother of Douglas Charles Lindsey [Gordon], 12th Marquess of Huntly, and has issue

1. Lady Caroline Margaret Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 8 Jan 1939;  dvp. 27 Sep 1956)

2. Lady Georgina Elizabeth Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 10 Jan 1950), mar. (1) 1974 (div. 1980) Guy Hamilton, and (2) Robert Eric Miller, and has issue by her first husband

mar. (2)

22 Dec 1969 (div. 1978) Hon Selina Polly Dawson Carnegie (former wife of Robin Duthac Carnegie), dau. of David McAdam [Eccles], 1st Viscount Eccles, by his first wife Hon Sybil Frances Dawson, 1st dau. of Bertram Edward [Dawson], 1st Viscount Dawson of Penn

mar. (3)

15 Oct 1978 Gillian Anna Morgan (d. 1982), dau. of Alured Morgan

mar. (4)

12 Jul 1995 Penelope Eve "Minnie" Astor (former wife of David Rolt and widow of Hon John Astor MP, 3rd son of John Jacob [Astor], 1st Baron Astor of Hever; d. 31 Dec 2006), dau. of Cmdr George Francis Norton Bradford RN

died

25 Aug 1999

suc. by

son by first wife

note

a Lord in Waiting 1957-58; Joint Parliamentary Under Secretary, Foreign Office 1958-62; Minister of State, Commonwealth and Colonial Affairs Office 1962-64; Member of the Royal Company of Archers; Prime Warden, Fishmongers' Company 1867-68

 

Charles Maurice [Mercer Nairne Petty-FitzMaurice later Petty-FitzMaurice], 9th Marquess of Lansdowne, DL LVO

born

21 Feb 1941

mar. (1)

9 Oct 1965 (div. 1987) Lady Frances Helen Mary Eliot (b. 6 Mar 1943; d. 6 Jan 2004), only dau. of Nicholas Richard Michael [Eliot], 9th Earl of St Germans, by his first wife Helen Mary Villiers, 2nd dau. of Lt Col Charles Walter Villiers CBE DSO by his wife Lady Kathleen Mary Cole, 2nd dau. of Lowry Egerton [Cole], 4th Earl of Enniskillen

children by first wife:

1. Lord Simon Henry George Petty-FitzMaurice, styled Earl of Kerry (b. 24 Nov 1970)

2. Lord William Nicholas Charles Petty-FitzMaurice, of Bowood, co. Wiltshire (b. 25 Sep 1973), mar. 2004 Rebecca Sansum, of Chippenham, co. Wiltshire, and has issue

1. Lady Arabella Helen Mary Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 30 Aug 1966), mar. 1993 Rupert W H Unwin, 2nd son of Martin I H Unwin, of Shipton Moyne, co. Gloucester, and has issue

2. Lady Rachel Barbara Violet Petty-FitzMaurice (b. 30 Jan 1968), mar. 1991 James William Richard Spickernell, 2nd son of Richard Francis Spickernell by his wife Elizabeth Charmain Coke, only dau. of Maj Hon Richard Coke (by his second wife Elizabeth Vera Catherine Alice Bayard de Beaumont, dau. of Louis Leopold Martial Bayard de Beaumont), 1st son by his second wife of Thomas William [Coke], 2nd Earl of Leicester, and has issue

mar. (2)

1987 Fiona Mary Merritt, dau. of Donald Merritt

note

Page of Honour to Queen Elizabeth II 1956-57; Councillor, Calne and Chippenham RDC 1964-70 and Chairman 1970-73; Councillor, Wiltshire CC 1970-85; Chairman, North Wiltshire DC 1973-76; Deputy Lieutenant for Wiltshire 1990; Member of the Princes's Council 1990-2001

 

 Last updated 24 Jul 2016

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Titles:

9th Marquess of Lansdowne

(Great Britain, let. pat. 6 Dec 1784)

10th Earl of Kerry

(Ireland, let. pat. 17 Jan 1722)

10th Earl of Shelburne

(Ireland, let. pat. 26 Jun 1753)

9th Earl Wycombe, of Chipping Wycombe in the County of Buckingham

(Great Britain, let. pat. 6 Dec 1784)

10th Viscount Clanmaurice

(Ireland, let. pat. 17 Jan 1722)

10th Viscount Fitzmaurice

(Ireland, let. pat. 7 Oct 1751)

9th Viscount Calne and Calston

(Great Britain, let. pat. 6 Dec 1784)

30th Baron of Kerry and Lixnaw

(Ireland, c. 1250)

10th Baron Dunkeron

(Ireland, let. pat. 7 Oct 1751)

7th Baron Wycombe, of Chipping Wycombe in the County of Buckingham

(Great Britain, let. pat. 17 May 1760)

 

Address:

Bowood House, Calne, Wiltshire SN11 0LZ

Tel:  01249 813343 (House) 01249 812012 (Office) Fax: 01249 821757

Email: lansdowne@bowood-estate.co.uk

 

Website for Bowood House:

www.bowood-estate.co.uk

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Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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