Cracroft's Peerage
The Complete Guide to the British Peerage & Baronetage

If you have found this page useful, why not make a donation to The Peerage Research Trust so that we can continue to maintain and develop Cracroft's Peerage?

| Search this site | Introduction | Contents | The Monarchy | The Peerage | The Baronetage | Untitled Families | Orders of Chivalry | Miscellaneous | Forums | Contact Us | Links |



Gowrie, Earl of (UK, 1945)


Creation: let. pat. 8 Jan 1945


Family name: Hore-Ruthven later Ruthven




Paly of six Argent and Gules


A Ram's Head couped Sable armed Or


On either side a Goat Sable armed unguled and ducally gorged Or, with Chains also Or reflexed over the back


Deid Schaw (Show a deed, i.e. do something)


Azure a St Andrew's Cross Argent in the hoist and of two Tracts Argent and Gules upon which is depicted the badge in the first compartment, and in the second and third compartments the crest, that in the second compartment being ensigned of an Earl's Coronet, along with the motto "Deid Schaw" in letters Argent upon two transverse bands Azure


A Man in Armour proper, on his head a Morion plumed Argent and Gules having Basses paly Argent and Gules, and over his left shoulder a Scarf Argent and Sable nowed upon the left hip, his dexter arm elevated and his sinister hand grasping the Hilt of his Sword Or



Alexander Gore Arkwright [Hore-Ruthven], 1st Baron Gowrie later 1st Earl of Gowrie, VC GCMG CB DSO PC

2nd son of Walter James [Hore-Ruthven], 9th Lord Ruthven of Freeland and 1st Baron Ruthven of Gowrie, by his wife Lady Caroline Annesley Gore, 1st dau. of Philip Yorke [Gore], 4th Earl of Arran


6 Jul 1872


1 Jun 1908 Zara Eileen Pollok OStJ (d. 19 Jul 1965), 1st dau. of John Pollok DL, of Lismany, co. Galway, by his wife Hon Florence Madeline Bingham, 2nd dau. of John Charles Robert [Bingham], 4th Baron Clanmorris


1. Maj Hon (Alexander Hardinge) Patrick Hore-Ruthven, died of wounds received leading a commando raid on Tripoli (b. 30 Aug 1913; d. 24 Dec 1942), mar. 5 Jan 1939 Pamela Margaret Fletcher, granted the rank and precedence of the wife of the eldest son of an Earl, as Viscountess Ruthven of Canberra, so long as she remained a widow by Royal Warrant 1945, Extra Woman of the Bedchamber to HM Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother 1948-51 (mar. (2) 30 Jul 1952 Maj (George) Derek Cooper OBE MC, son of Capt George Stanley Cooper), 2nd dau. of Rev Arthur Henry Fletcher, of Cadogan Gardens, Chelsea, London, and had issue:

1a. Alexander Patrick Greysteil Hore-Ruthven later Ruthven, later 2nd Earl of Gowrie

2a. Malise Walter Maitland Knox Hore-Ruthven (b. 14 May 1942), mar. 1967 Ianthe Hodgkinson, dau. of Cdr (Robert) Hugh Hodgkinson RN, and has issue

2. Alistair Malise Hore-Ruthven (b. 2 Aug 1917; dvp. an infant)


2 May 1955


20 Dec 1935 Baron Gowrie, of Canberra in the Commonwealth of Australia and of Dirleton in the County of East Lothian

8 Jan 1945 Viscount Ruthven of Canberra, of Dirleton in the County of East Lothian, and Earl of Gowrie

suc. by



joined 3rd Battalion, Highland Light Infantry 1891; part of the Egyptian Army 1898, serving in the Sudan, commanding the Camel Corps detachment at the Battle of Gedaref and subsequent operations 1898, where he won the VC, and served on the White Nile 1899; joined the Cameron Highlanders 1899 ; Special Service Officer, Somaliland 1903-04; Military Secretary to Viceroy of Ireland 1905-06; joined the 1st Dragoon Guards 1908; Military Secretary to the Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia 1908; joined the Welsh Guards 1914; served in World War I in France and Gallipoli; DSO 1916; CMG 1918; CB 1919; commanded the Welsh Guards 1920-24 and 1st Guards Brigade 1924-28; Governor of South Australia 1928-34;  KCMG 1928; Governor of New South Wales 1935-36;  GCMG 1935; Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia 1936-44; Privy Councillor 1937; Lieutenant-Governor and Deputy Constable of Windsor Castle 1945-52; GCStJ


Alexander Patrick Greysteil [Hore-Ruthven later Ruthven], 2nd Earl of Gowrie, PC


26 Nov 1939

mar. (1)

21 Dec 1962 (div. 1974) Alexandra Bingley (mar. (2) Apr 1978 Jeremy Hardie, son of Sir Charles Hardie), only dau. of Col Robert Albert Glanville Bingley CVO DSO OBE, of Higher Eggbeer, Exeter, co. Devon, by his wife Mary Olivia Lennox-Conyngham, only dau. of Lt Col Hubert Maxwell Lennox-Conyngham DSO AVC

only child by first wife

1. Hon (Patrick Leo) Brer Ruthven, styled Viscount Ruthven of Canberra (b. 4 Feb 1964), mar. Feb 1990 Julie Goldsmith, and has issue:

1a. Hon Heathcote Patrick Cornelius Hore Ruthven (b. 28 May 1990)

mar. (2)

2 Nov 1974 Countess Adelheid von der Schulenburg, yst. dau. of Gen Count Fritz-Dietlof von der Schulenburg, of Munich, Germany


suc. his great-uncle 16 Apr 1956 as 3rd Baron Ruthven of Gowrie; a Lord-in-Waiting (Government Whip) 1972-74; Opposition Spokesman on Economic Affairs 1974-79; Minister of State, Department of Employment 1979-81 and Northern Ireland Office 1981-83; Minister for the Arts 1983-85; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1884-85; Provost, Royal College of Arts 1985-94; Chairman of Sotheby's 1985-94, of the Arts Council 1994-98, of Development Securities 1995-99 and of The fine Art Fund since 2002


 Last updated 19 Aug 2005




2nd Earl of Gowrie

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 8 Jan 1945)

2nd Viscount Ruthven of Canberra, of Dirleton in the County of East Lothian

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 8 Jan 1945)

3rd Baron Ruthven of Gowrie, of Gowrie in the County of Perth

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 28 Oct 1919)

2nd Baron Gowrie, of Canberra in the Commonwealth of Australia and of Dirleton in the County of East Lothian

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 20 Dec 1935)

Chief of the Name and Arms of Ruthven



c/o The Fine Art Fund, 28 Dover Street, London W1X 3PA



ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.