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Gordon, Duke of (S, 1684 - 1836)

 

Creation: let. pat. 1 Nov 1684

 

Extinct: 28 May 1836

 

Family name:Gordon

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Arms:

See Marquess of Huntly

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George [Gordon], 4th Marquess of Huntly later 1st Duke of Gordon, KT PC

1st son of Lewis [Gordon], 3rd Marquess of Huntly, by his wife Mary Grant, dau. of Sir John Grant of Freuchie

born

1649

mar.

Oct 1676 (sep. 1707) Lady Elizabeth Howard (d. 16 Jul 1732; bur. in Elgin Cathedral), 2nd dau. of Henry [Howard], 6th Duke of Norfolk, by his first wife Lady Anne Somerset, dau. by his first wife of Edward [Somerset], 2nd Marquess of Worcester

children:

1. Lord Alexander Gordon, later 2nd Duke of Gordon

1. Lady Jane Gordon (b. c. 1683; d. 30 Jan 1773), mar. after 5 Aug 1706 her second cousin Hon James Drummond, styled Lord Drummond and titular 2nd Duke of Perth, and had issue

died

7 Dec 1716

created

1 Nov 1684 Lord Badenoch, Lochaber, Strathaven, Balmore, Auchindoun, Garthie and Kincardine, Viscount of Inverness, Earl of Huntly and Enzie, Marquess of Huntly and Duke of Gordon

suc. by

son

note

suc. his father Dec 1653 as 4th Marquess of Huntly; joined the French Army 1673 and served under Turenne and the Prince of Orange; a Commissioner of Supply 1685; Constable of Edinburgh Castle 1685; Privy Councillor [S] 1686; Commissioner of the Scottish Treasury 1687-89; Knight of the Thistle 1687; held Edinburgh Castle for King James II against the Convention but surrendered it in 1689; arrested as a Jacobite suspect 1707/8 and confined to Edinburgh Castle

 

Alexander [Gordon], 2nd Duke of Gordon

born

c.1678

mar.

shortly bef. 13 Feb 1706/7 Lady Henrietta Mordaunt (b. c. 1688; d. 11 Oct 1760; bur. in Nairn Church), only dau. of Charles [Mordaunt], 3rd Earl of Peterborough, by his first wife Carey Fraser, dau. of Sir Alexander Fraser, 1st Bt., of Durris, co. Kincardine, Physician to the King

children:

1. Hon Alexander Gordon (bur. vp. 7 Jan 1711)

2. Lord Cosmo George Gordon, later 3rd Duke of Gordon

3. Capt Lord Charles Gordon (d. 26 Apr 1780)

4. Lord Lewis Gordon, a supporter of the Pretender in 1745, fought at the Battle of Culloden and escaped to France (d. 15 Jul 1754)

5. Gen Lord Adam Gordon, Member of Parliament for Aberdeenshire 1754-68 and for Kincardineshire 1774-88, Governor of Tynemouth Castle 1778, Commander of the Forces in Scotland 1789, Governor of Edinburgh Castle 1796 (dsp. legit. 13 Aug 1801), mar. 2 Sep 1767 Jean Murray (widow of James [Murray], 2nd Duke of Atholl;  d. 22 Feb 1795), only dau. of John Drummond, 10th of Lennoch and 3rd of Megginch

1. Lady Henrietta Gordon (b. c. 1708; d. 14 Feb 1789)

2. Lady Mary Gordon (d. 26 Jul 1782)

3. Lady Anne Gordon (b. c. 1713; d. 25 Jun 1791), mar. 9 Dec 1729 as his third wife William [Gordon], 2nd Earl of Aberdeen, and had issue

4. Lady Elizabeth Gordon (d. 1769), mar. Rev John Skelly, and had issue

5. Lady Jean Gordon (d. 17 Jan 1792)

6. Lady Catherine Gordon (d. 21 Jan 1786), mar. 12 Sep 1745 Hon Francis Wemyss later Charteris, styled Earl of Wemyss, 2nd son of James [Wemyss], 5th Earl of Wemyss, and had issue

7. Lady Charlotte Gordon

died

28 Nov 1728

suc. by

son

note

a supporter of the House of Stuart, he proclaimed Prince James as King James III & VIII and joined his standard at Perth with over 2,000 men; he surrendered after the Battle of Sheriffmuir 1715 and imprisoned until 1716 in Edinburgh Castle

 

Cosmo George [Gordon], 3rd Duke of Gordon, KT

born

c.1721

mar.

3 Sep 1741 Lady Catharine Gordon (b. 20 Oct 1718; mar. (2) Mar 1756 Gen Staats Long Morris MP;  d. 10 Dec 1779; bur. in Elgin Cathedral), only dau. of William [Gordon], 2nd Earl of Aberdeen, by his second wife Lady Susan Murray, dau. of John [Murray], 1st Duke of Atholl

children:

1. Lord Alexander Gordon, later 4th Duke of Gordon

2. Lt Col Lord William Gordon, Deputy Ranger of St James's and Hyde Parks 1778, Member of Parliament for Morayshire 1779-84, for Inverness-shire 1784-90 and for Horsham 1802-06, Vice-Admiral for Scotland 1782-95 (dspm. 1 May 1823), mar. 1 Mar 1781 Hon Frances Ingram-Shepheard (d. 29 Sep 1841), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Charles [Ingram], 9th Viscount Irvine, by his wife Frances Shepherd, illeg. dau. and hrss. of Samuel Shepherd MP, of Exning, co. Suffolk, and had issue

3. Lord George Gordon, Member of Parliament for Ledgershall 1774, instigator of the "No Popery" riots in London in 1780, after which he was tried for high treason but acquitted (b. 26 Dec 1751;  d. 1 Nov 1793)

1. Lady Susan Gordon (b. c. 1746; d. 11 Dec 1814), mar. (1) 28 May 1767 as his second wife John [Fane], 9th Earl of Westmorland, and (2) 28 Dec 1778 Lt Col John Woodford (d. 18 Apr 1800), and had issue by both husbands

2. Lady Anne Gordon (b. 16 Mar 1748; dsp. 7 Jun 1816), mar. 24 Sep 1782 Rev Alexander Chalmers, Minister of Cairnie

3. Lady Catherine Gordon (b. 26 Jan 1751; dsp. 3 Jan 1797), mar. Capt Thomas Booker

died

5 Aug 1752 (bur. in Elgin Cathedral)

suc. by

son

note

a Representative Peer for Scotland 1747-52; Knight of the Thistle 1747/8

 

Alexander [Gordon], 4th Duke of Gordon, KT

born

18 Jun 1743

mar. (1)

23 Oct 1767 Jane Maxwell (b. 1748; d. 14 Apr 1812 ; bur. at Kinrara, co. Inverness), 2nd dau. of Sir William Maxwell of Monreith, 3rd Bt., by his wife Magdalen Blair, dau. of William Blair, of Blair, co. Ayr

children by first wife:

1. Lord George Gordon, later 2nd Baron Gordon of Huntly later 5th Duke of Gordon

2. Maj Lord Alexander Gordon (b. 1785;  dvp. 8 Jan 1808)

1. Lady Charlotte Gordon (b. 20 Sep 1768; d. 5 May 1842), mar. 9 Sep 1789 Charles [Lennox], 4th Duke of Richmond, and had issue

2. Lady Madeline Gordon (b. 1772; d. 1 Jun 1849), mar. (1) 3 Apr 1789 Sir Robert Sinclair of Stevenston, Bt., and (2) 25 Nov 1805 Charles Fysche Palmer, of Luckley Park, co. Berkshire (d. Jan 1843), and had issue by her first husband

3. Lady Susan Gordon (b. 2 Feb 1774; d. 26 Aug 1828), mar. 7 Oct 1793 William [Montagu], 5th Duke of Manchester, and had issue

4. Lady Louisa Gordon (b. 27 Dec 1776; d. 5 Dec 1850), mar. 17 Apr 1795 Charles [Cornwallis], 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, and had issue

5. Lady Georgiana Gordon (b. 18 Jul 1781; d. 24 Feb 1853), mar. 23 Jun 1803 as his second wife John [Russell], 6th Duke of Bedford, and had issue

mar. (2)

Jul 1820 his mistress Jane Christie (dsp. legit. 27 Jul 1824)

died

17 Jun 1827 (bur. in Elgin Cathedral)

created

12 Feb 1784 Baron Gordon of Huntly and Earl of Norwich, in the Peerage of Great Britain

suc. by

son by first wife

note

a Representative Peer for Scotland 1767-84; Knight of the Thistle 1775; a Col in the Army 1793; Chancellor of King's College, Aberdeen 1793-1827; Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland 1794-1806 and 1807-27; Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire 1794-1808; suc. his kinswoman 1819 as 12th Baron Mordaunt (and perhaps also as Baron Beauchamp of Bletsoe)

 

George [Gordon], 2nd Baron Gordon of Huntly later 5th Duke of Gordon, GCB PC

born

2 Feb 1770

mar.

11 Dec 1813 Elizabeth Brodie (b. 20 Jun 1794; d. 31 Jan 1864; bur. in Elgin Cathedral), dau. of Alexander Brodie of Arnhall, an Indian merchant, by his wife Elizabeth Margaret Wemyss, dau. of James Wemyss

died

s.p. 28 May 1836 (bur. in Elgin Cathedral)

note

entered the Army 1790; Col, 92nd Regiment of Foot (The Gordon Highlanders) 1796-1806; served in Ireland 1798, Holland 1799 and Walcheren 1809; Grand Master of Scottish Freemasons 1792-94; Maj Gen 1801; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Eye 1806-07; Col, 42nd Regiment of Foot 1806-20; sum. to Parliament v.p. in his father's Barony of Gordon of Huntly; Lieut Gen 1808; Lord Lieutenant of Aberdeenshire 1808-36; Chancellor of Marischal College, Aberdeen 1814-36; General 1819; GCB 1820; Col, 1st Regiment of Foot 1820-34; Lord High Constable of Scotland for the Coronation of King George IV 1821; Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland 1828-30; Privy Councillor 1830; President, Highland and Agricultural Society 1835-36; Col, Scottish Fusiliers 1836

 

On the death of the 5th Duke of Gordon the Scottish Dukedom of Gordon and other titles created in 1684 (together with the British Earldom of Norwich and Barony of Gordon of Huntly created in 1784) became extinct, the Marquessate of Huntly was inherited by his kinsman George [Gordon], 5th Earl of Aboyne and the Baronies of Beauchamp of Bletsoe and Mordaunt of Turvey fell into abeyance between his five sisters

 

 Last updated 21 Apr 2009

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