Cracroft's Peerage
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Edinburgh, Duke of (UK, 1947)

 

Creation: let. pat. 19 Nov 1947

 

Family name: Mountbatten

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st, Or semée of Hearts Gules three Lions passant in pale Azure ducally crowned of the first (Denmark);  2nd, Azure a Cross Argent (Greece);  3rd, Argent two Pallets Sable (Battenberg);  4th, Argent upon a Rock proper a Castle triple-towered Sable masoned Argent Windows Port Turret Caps and Vanes Gules (City of Edinburgh)

Crest:

A Plume of five Ostrich Feathers alternately Sable and Argent issuant from a Ducal Coronet Or

Supporters:

On the dexter side a representation of Hercules girt about the loins with a Lion Skin crowned with a Chaplet of Oak Leaves and holding in the dexter hand a Club proper, and on the sinister side a Lion queue fourchée ducally crowned Or and gorged with a Naval Coronet Azure

Motto:

God Is My Help

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*HRH The Prince Philip, 1st Duke of Edinburgh, KG KT OM GBE AC QSO PC

only son of HRH Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark GCVO, by his wife HSH Princess (Victoria) Alice Julia Marie of Battenberg, 1st dau. of HSH Prince Louis Alexander of Battenberg, later 1st Marquess of Milford Haven

born

10 Jun 1921

mar.

20 Nov 1947 HRH The Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of Great Britain (later Queen Elizabeth II;  b. 21 Apr 1926), 1st dau. of King George VI, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Angela Marguerite Bowes-Lyon (HM Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother), 4th dau. of Claude George [Bowes-Lyon], 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

children

1. *HRH Prince Charles Philip Arthur George, later Prince of Wales

2. *HRH Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward, later 1st Duke of York

3. *HRH Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis, later 1st Earl of Wessex

1. *HRH Princess Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise, cr. Princess Royal 12 Jun 1987 (b. 15 Aug 1950), mar. (1) 14 Nov 1973 (div. 5 Jun 1992) Capt Mark Anthony Peter Phillips (b. 22 Sep 1948), only son of Maj Peter William Garside Phillips, by his wife Anne Patricia Tiarks, only dau. of John Gerhard Tiarks, of Charfield, co. Gloucester, and (2) 12 Dec 1992 Vice Admiral Sir Timothy James Hamilton Laurence KCVO RN (b. 1 Mar 1955), 2nd son of Cmdr Guy Stuart Laurence RN by his wife Barbara Alison Symons, dau. of John Symons, and has issue by her first husband

created

19 Nov 1947 Baron Greenwich, of Greenwich in the County of London, Earl of Merioneth and Duke of Edinburgh

22 Feb 1957 Prince of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

note

Sub-Lieut RN 1942, Lieut 1942, Lieut Cmdr 1950, Cmdr 1952 and Admiral of the Fleet 1953; naturalised a British Subject 28 Feb 1947;  granted 19 Nov 1947 the title, style and attribute of Royal Highness;  Knight of the Garter 1947;  Chancellor of the University of Wales 1948, of Edinburgh 1952, of Cambridge 1976 and of Salford 1967-76; Privy Councillor [UK] 1951 and [Can.] 1957;  Knight of the Thistle 1952; Ranger of Windsor Great Park 1952; Grand Master and Principal Knight of the Order of the British Empire 1953; GBE 1953; Field Marshal 1953; Marshal of the Royal Air Force 1953; Captain-General of the Royal Marines 1953; Lord High Steward of Plymouth 1960; OM 1968; Master of the Corporation of Trinity House 1969; QSO 1981; AC 1988

 

Editorial comment:

 

The heir to the Dukedom of Edinburgh is the Duke of Edinburgh's eldest son, HRH the Prince of Wales. If the Duke of Edinburgh dies before Her Majesty The Queen, then the Dukedom of Edinburgh will be inherited by the Prince of Wales, and will be the third dukedom he holds after Cornwall and Rothesay. If, on the other hand, the Duke of Edinburgh dies after Her Majesty, then the Prince of Wales will have already succeeded his mother on the Throne and the Dukedom of Edinburgh will become merged in the Crown and automatically cease to exist.

 

At the time of the marriage of Prince Edward and his creation as Earl of Wessex there was some comment to the effect that the Royal Family would like him inherit the Dukedom of Edinburgh after his father's death. This is not possible as matters stand. The succession to the Dukedom of Edinburgh is determined solely by the wording of the Letters Patent creating the dukedom in 1947. The grant was to Sir Philip Mountbatten KG (which was Prince Philip's style immediately before being created Duke of Edinburgh) and the "heirs male of his body lawfully begotten" - the standard remainder clause when an hereditary peerage is created. Once the Letters Patent creating a peerage have passed the Great Seal the only way this wording can be changed is by an Act of Parliament - not even the Sovereign has the power to change this.

 

If it is wished that the Earl of Wessex should eventually become Duke of Edinburgh then either Prince Philip could be granted a second Dukedom of Edinburgh with a special remainder to his third son (similar to the situation with the Dukedom of Fife at the end of the nineteenth century), or the parties involved could wait until the present Dukedom of Edinburgh is merged into the Crown following the deaths of both the Her Majesty The Queen and the present Duke of Edinburgh, and then a new Dukedom of Edinburgh could be granted to the Earl of Wessex. It is felt more likely that this latter course will be followed.

 

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Titles:

1st Duke of Edinburgh

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 19 Nov 1947)

1st Earl of Merioneth

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 19 Nov 1947)

1st Baron Greenwich, of Greenwich in the County of London

(United Kingdom, let. pat. 19 Nov 1947)

 

Address:

Buckingham Palace, London SW1A 1AA

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The graphic of the arms of the Duke of Edinburgh, which has been reduced in size so as to fit the page, can be purchased separately.  It is available printed full size on high quality matte or glossy A4 heavyweight paper and is suitable for framing.  For more information, please visit our website at http://www.heraldicmedia.com/store/pages/hergraph.html or contact us directly on 020-8289 1844.

 

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