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Dumfries, Earl of (S, 1633)

 

Creation: let. pat. 12 Jun 1633

 

Family name: Crichton

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Arms:

See Marquess of Bute

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William [Crichton], 9th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar later 1st Viscount of Ayr later 1st Earl of Dumfries

1st son and heir of William Crichton, Tutor of Sanquhar (by his wife Katherine Carmichael), 5th son of William [Crichton], 5th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar

born

mar. (1)

Euphemia Hamilton (widow of Patrick Hamilton of Peel of Livingston), dau. of James Seton of Touch

children by first wife

1. Hon William Crichton, later 2nd Earl of Dumfries

2. Hon James Crichton of St Leonard's, Sheriff of Dumfries (d. bef. 2 Dec 1669), mar., and had issue

3. Col Hon John Crichton

1. Lady Mary Crichton (dspm. 24 Aug 1674), mar. 29 Aug 1618 Barnham [Swift], 1st Viscount Carlingford, and had issue

2. Lady Catherine Crichton, mar. Sir John Charteris of Amisfield, and had issue

mar. (2)

bef. 16 Jul 1630 Ursula Swift (widow of Sir Robert Swift, of Rotherham, co. York, and mother of his son-on-law;  d. 28 May 1632), dau. of Stephen Barnham, of Lewes, co. Suffolk

died

betw. 15 Aug 1642 and 24 Mar 1643

created

2 Feb 1621/2 Lord of Sanquhar and Viscount of Ayr

12 Jun 1633 Lord Crichton of Sanquhar and Cumnock, Viscount of Ayr and Earl of Dumfries, with remainder to his heirs male bearing the name and arms of Crichton

suc. by

son by first wife

note

suc. his cousin 29 Jun 1612 as 9th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar

 

William [Crichton], 2nd Earl of Dumfries, PC

born

mar.

29 Aug 1618 Penelope Swift, sister of his brother-in-law Barnham [Swift], 1st Viscount Carlingford, and dau. of Sir Robert Swift, of Rotherham, co. York, by his second wife Ursula Barnham (who later became his step-mother), dau. of Stephen Barnham, of Lewes, co. Sussex

children

1. Hon Robert Crichton, styled Lord Crichton (bapt. 19 Dec 1641; dvp. an infant)

2. Hon Charles Crichton, styled Lord Crichton, in 1686 settled his estates, failing sons and their male issue, on his four daughters successively (dvp. betw. 4 Oct 1686 and 11 Mar 1689/90), mar. 17 Dec 1679 Hon Sarah Dalrymple, 3rd dau. of James [Dalrymple], 1st Viscount of Stair, by his wife Margaret Kennedy, widow of Fergus Kennedy of Knockdaw, and 1st dau. and cohrss. of James Ross of Balneil, co. Wigton, and had issue:

1a. Hon William Crichton, later 3rd Earl of Dumfries

1a. Lady Penelope Crichton, later suo jure Countess of Dumfries

2a. Lady Margaret Crichton

3a. Lady Mary Crichton

4a. Lady Elizabeth Crichton (b. c. 1691; bur. 17 Nov 1742)

1. Lady Elizabeth Crichton (d. 5 Dec 1675), mar. Jan 1657/8 as his first wife Alexander [Montgomerie], 8th Earl of Eglinton, and had issue

2. Lady Penelope Crichton

3. Lady Mary Crichton (bapt. 15 Feb 1644)

died

1691

suc. by

grandson

note

Privy Councillor [S] 1661;  resigned his honours to the Crown 10 Sep 1690 and on 3 Nov 1690 obtained a novadamus with the former precedency by which, failing himself and his grandson and the heirs male of the body of the latter, the remainder was extended to Penelope, eldest daughter of his son Charles, Lord Crichton, and the heirs of her body, succeeding to the family estates, and similarly to his son's other daughters, whom failing, to his son's nearest heirs whatsoever

 

William [Crichton], 3rd Earl of Dumfries

born

died

28 Feb 1693/4

suc. by

sister

 

Lady Penelope Crichton later Dalrymple, suo jure Countess of Dumfries

born

mar.

26 Feb 1697/8 her cousin Col Hon William Dalrymple of Glenmure, Member of Parliament for Ayrshire 1702-08, for Clackmannanshire 1708-10, for Wigtown Burghs 1722-27 and for Wigtownshire and Wigtown Burghs 1734-41 (bapt. 11 Oct 1678; d. 3 Dec 1744), 2nd son of John [Dalrymple], 1st Earl of Stair, by his wife Elizabeth Dundas, dau. and hrss. of Sir John Dundas of Newliston, co. Linlithgow

children

1. Hon William Dalrymple later Dalrymple-Crichton, later 5th Earl of Dumfries and 4th Earl of Stair

2. Capt Hon John Dalrymple, Member of Parliament for Wigtown Burghs 1728-34 (dvp. 23 Feb 1742)

3. Hon James Dalrymple, later 3rd Earl of Stair

4. Hon Charles Dalrymple (dvp. 1729)

5. Cornet Hon Hugh Dalrymple (dvp. 24 Sep 1737)

6. Ensign Hon George Dalrymple (d. bef. 1760)

1. Lady Elizabeth Dalrymple, mar. John McDouall of Freugh, and had issue:

1a. Patrick McDouall later McDouall-Crichton, later 6th Earl of Dumfries

2a. William McDouall, in HEICS (d. 23 Dec 1769)

3a. Stair McDouall (d. young)

4a. John McDouall, merchant in Glasgow (d. 22 Dec 1803), mar. 9 Dec 1767 Mary Isabel MacCulloch, dau. of Ebenezer MacCulloch, merchant in Glasgow, and had issue

5a. Crichton McDouall (d. young)

1a. Penelope McDouall (d. 28 Oct 1774), mar. Ebenezer Maculloch, merchant in Edinburgh

2a. Eleanora McDouall (d. 20 Sep 1804), mar. William Macghie of Balmaghie

2. Lady Penelope Crichton Dalrymple (d. 11 Feb 1785)

died

6 Mar 1741/2

suc. by

son

 

William [Dalrymple later Dalrymple-Crichton], 5th Earl of Dumfries and 4th Earl of Stair, KT

born

mar. (1)

2 Apr 1731 Lady Anne Gordon (b. 17 Jan 1708/9; bur. 15 Apr 1755), 1st dau. of William [Gordon], 2nd Earl of Aberdeen, by his first wife Lady Mary Leslie, only dau. of David [Melville later Leslie], 5th Earl of Leven

only child by first wife

1. Hon William Dalrymple-Crichton, styled Lord Crichton (b. 12 Dec 1734; dvp. 9 Sep 1744)

mar. (2)

19 Jun 1762 Anne Duff (b. c. 1728; mar. (2) 26 Jul 1769 Hon Alexander Gordon, a Lord of Session under the style Lord Rockville; d. 21 Aug 1811), dau. of William Duff of Crombie, by his wife Elizabeth Dalrymple, dau. of Sir Robert Dalrymple, of North Berwick

died

s.p.s. 27 Jul 1768

suc. by

nephew and heir of line

note

served in the Army 1721-47, being ADC to his uncle, the 2nd Earl of Stair, at the Battle of Dettingen 1743; suc. his mother 6 Mar 1742 as 5th Earl of Dumfries and his younger brother 13 Nov 1760 as 4th Earl of Stair;  Knight of the Thistle 1751/2;  on his death the Earldom of Stair passed to his cousin and heir male, John [Dalrymple], 5th Earl of Stair

 

Patrick [McDouall later McDouall-Crichton], 6th Earl of Dumfries

born

15 Oct 1726

mar.

12 Sep 1771 Margaret Crauford (d. 5 May 1799), dau. of Ronald Crauford of Restalrig

only child

1.  Lady Elizabeth Penelope McDouall-Crichton (b. 25 Nov 1772; dvp. 25 Jul 1797), mar. 12 Oct 1792 Hon John Stuart, styled Viscount Mount Stuart (dvp. 22 Jan 1794), 1st son and heir ap. of John [Stuart], 1st Marquess of Bute, by his first wife Hon Charlotte Jane Windsor, 1st dau. and cohrss. of Herbert [Windsor], 2nd Viscount Windsor, and had issue:

1a. Hon John Stuart later Crichton-Stuart, later 7th Earl of Dumfries later 2nd Marquess of Bute

2a. Lord Patrick James Herbert Stuart later Crichton-Stuart MP, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of a Marquess by Royal Warrant Mar 1817 (b. 25 Aug 1794;  d. 7 Sep 1859), mar. 13 Jul 1818 Hannah Tighe (d. 5 Jun 1872), dau. of William Tighe MP, of Woodstock, Kilkenny, and had issue

died

s.p.m. 7 Apr 1803

suc. by

grandson

note

Grand Master of Scottish Freemasons 1771-73;  a Scottish Representative Peer 1790-1803

 

John [Stuart later Crichton-Stuart], 7th Earl of Dumfries later 2nd Marquess of Bute, KT

note

suc. his maternal grandfather 7 Apr 1803 as 7th Earl of Dumfries and his paternal grandfather 16 Nov 1814 as 2nd Marquess of Bute

 

The Earldom of Dumfries has been held by the Marquesses of Bute since 16 Nov 1814.

 

 Last updated 25 Mar 2005

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