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le Despencer, Baron (E, 1295 with precedency from 1264)

 

Creation: writ sum. 24 Jun 1295 with precedency from 24 Dec 1264

 

Family name: le Despencer later Nevill later Fane later Dashwood later Stapleton later Boscawen

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Arms:

See Viscount Falmouth

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Thomas le Despencer, mar., and had issue:

1. Thomas le Despencer

2. Sir Hugh le Despencer, of Loughborough, Burton, Hugglescote, Freeby and Arnesby, co. Leicester, Parlington and Hillam, co. York, Sibsey and Aukborough, co. Lincoln, and Ryhall and Belmesthorp, co. Rutland (d. c. 23 Feb 1238), mar. ..... ....., and had issue:

1a. Sir Hugh le Despencer, of Loughborough, co. Leicester, etc.: respite of knighthood 1244; Constable of Horston Castle 1255-60; accompanied Richard, Earl of Cornwall, to Aachen for his coronation as King of the Romans 1257; at the Parliament of Oxford 1258 one of the 12 elected by the Barons to redress grievances and one of the 12 to treat with the King's Council in Parliament; appointed Justiciar of England 1260 as the nominee of the Barons but dismissed by King Henry III the next year; attended Simon de Montfort's Parliament at Oxford 1263; Justiciar of England and Constable of the Tower of London 1263; was at the Battle of Lewes 1264; Constable of Devizes Castle, Oxford Castle, Orford Castle and Nottingham Castle 1264; appointed one of the arbiters to broker a peace between King Henry III and the Barons 1264; sum. by writ to Parliament 24 Dec 1264; one of the arbiters between the Earls of Leicester and Gloucester 1265; joined Simon [de Montfort], 1st Earl of Leicester, in his last campaign against King Henry III and was slain with him at the Battle of Evesham 1265; after his death all his lands were forfeited (b. in or before 1223; d. 4 Aug 1265; bur. in Evesham Abbey), mar. in or bef. 1260 Aline Bassett (mar. (2) bef. 29 Oct 1271 as his first wife Roger [le Bigod], 5th Earl of Norfolk and Marshal of England; d. bef. 11 Apr 1281), dau. and hrss. of Sir Philip Bassett, of Wycombe, co. Buckingham, and Compton Bassett and Wotton Bassett, co. Wiltshire, Justiciar of England, by his first wife Hawise de Lovaine, dau. of Sir Matthew de Lovaine, of Little Easton, co. Essex, and had issue:

1b. Sir Hugh le Despencer the Elder, later 1st Baron le Despencer later 1st Earl of Winchester

1b. Eleanor le Despencer (d. 11 Oct 1328), mar. Sir Hugh de Courtenay, of Okehampton, co. Devon (d. 28 Feb 1291), 1st son and heir of John de Courtenay, of Okehampton, co. Devon, by his wife Lady Isabel de Vere, 3rd dau. of Hugh [de Vere], 4th Earl of Oxford, and had issue

1b. Joan le Despencer (d. bef. 1322), mar. bef. Jan 1272/3 as his first wife Thomas [de Furnivall], 1st Baron Furnivall, and had issue

1a. Pernell le Despencer, mar. Geoffrey le Sauvage, of Hintes (d. 1230)

2a. ..... le Despencer, mar. Sir Roger de St John (d. 4 Aug 1265 at the Battle of Evesham), and had issue

3. Sir Geoffrey le Despencer, of Martley, co. Worcester (d. 1251), mar. Emma de Harcourt (d. after 1265), dau. of Richard de Harcourt, and had issue:

1a. Sir John le Despencer, of Martley, co. Worcester (dsp. 1275), mar. Joan le Lou (d. 1266), dau .and hrss. of Robert le Lou, of Castle Carlton

1. Rohese le Despencer, mar. as his first wife Stephen de Segrave, of Segrave, co. Leicester (d. 1241), and had issue

 

The award of the Barony of le Despencer to Lady Fane in 1604 as a consolation prize for her unsuccessful claim to the Barony of Bergavenny was with the precedence of 24 Dec 1264. The meeting to which Sir Hugh le Despencer was summoned in 1264 is not now considered a bona fide Parliament. It was convened by a rebel, Simon [de Montfort], 1st Earl of Leicester, and the writs issued in King Henry III's name were made out under duress and to what we would nowadays call a "packed" body of designated "Lords of Parliament". The modern view is that the meeting of 24 Dec 1264 cannot be taken to be a proper Parliament for the purpose of creating baronies by writs of summons. This was not the interpretation adopted in 1604 and so we have the rather strange situation where a barony created by writ of summons in 1295 has been credited with a precedency dating back over 30 years before its creation.

 

Hugh "the Elder" [le Despencer], 1st Baron le Despencer later 1st Earl of Winchester

born

1 Mar 1260/1

mar.

in or bef. 1286 Lady Isabel de Chaworth (widow of Sir Patrick de Chaworth, of Kidwelly, co. Carmarthen, and Kempsford, co. Gloucester; d. bef. 30 May 1306), 1st dau. of William [de Beauchamp], 9th Earl of Warwick, by his wife Maud de Furnivall, widow of Sir Gerard de Furnivall, of Sheffield, co. York, and Worksop, co. Nottingham, and sister and cohrss. of Richard [FitzJohn], 1st Baron FitzJohn, and 1st dau. of Sir John FitzGeoffrey, of Shere, co. Surrey, and Fambridge, co. Essex, Justiciar of Ireland

children

1. Sir Hugh le Despencer the Younger, later 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer

1. Philip le Despencer, of Parlington, co. York (dvp. 24 Sep 1313), mar. Margaret de Goushill (b. 12 May 1294; d. 29 Jul 1349), only dau. and hrss. of Ralph de Goushill, of Goxhill, co. Lincoln, by his wife Hawise FitzWarin, dau. of Fulk [FitzWarin], 1st Baron FitzWarin, and had issue:

1a. Sir Philip le Despencer, of Camoys Manor in Toppesfield, co. Essex (b. 6 Apr 1313; d. 22 Aug 1349), mar. Joan de Cobham, dau. of John [de Cobham], 2nd Baron Cobham of Kent, by his first wife Joan Beauchamp, dau. of John [Beauchamp], 1st Baron Beauchamp of Hache, and had issue:

1b. Sir Philip le Despencer, later 1st Baron Despencer

1. Lady Isabel le Despencer (d. 4 Dec 1334), mar. (1) bef. 1308 as his second wife John [de Hastings], 1st Baron Hastings, and (2) c. 1313 Ralph [de Monthermer], 1st Baron Monthermer

2. Lady Aline le Despencer, Constable of Conway Castle 1325/6 (dsp. shortly bef. 28 Nov 1353), mar. after 3 May 1302 Edward [Burnell], 1st Baron Burnell

3. Lady Margaret le Despencer, mar. in or after Dec 1313 John [de St Amand], 1st Baron St Amand, and had issue

died

27 Oct 1326

created

by writ of summons 24 Jun 1295 Baron le Despencer

10 May 1322 Earl of Winchester

suc. by

son

note

given administration of his father's forfeited lands and livery of his mother's lands 1281; had livery of the Manor of Martley, co. Worcester, as heir of his father's cousin, John le Despencer 1281/2; was with King Edward I in Gascony 1287; Constable of Odiham Castle 1294; envoy to treat with the King of the Romans 1294, with the King of France 1295/6 and with the King of the Romans and the King of France 1296; was with King Edward I in Scotland 1296; Justice of the Forests South of Trent 1296/7-1307; instructed to threaten the Clergy 1296/7; a member of the King's Council in 1297; was with the King in Flanders 1297 and in Scotland 1300, 1303, 1304 and 1306 ; envoy to the Pope 1300 and 1305; a Commissioner to deal with the Scots 1305; Constable of the Castle of Devizes and Marlborough 1307/8-08; Constable of the Castle of Strigoil and Keeper of the Town of Chepstow 1307/8-10; Justice of the Forests South of Trent for life 1309; he alone took the side of King Edward II and Piers [Gaveston], 1st Earl of Cornwall, against the Barons 1308; signed the Barons' letter to the Pope 1309; Keeper of the Forests South of Trent 1312-1314/5; was with the King in Pontoise 1313; was excluded from the peace that was arranged between the King and the discontented Barons 1313; fought at the Battle of Bannockburn 1314 and following the Scots' victory accompanied King Edward II in his flight to Dunbar and then by sea to Berwick-upon-Tweed; the Earl of Lancaster and his supporters persuaded the King to remove le Despencer from Court and to dismiss him from the Council 1314/5; with the King in Scotland 1317; an envoy to the Pope and the King of France 1320; Constable of Marlborough Castle 1321; the lands of both himself and his son were ravaged by his rivals 1321; both father and son were accused in Parliament of taking upon themselves some of the Royal power, giving bad advice to the King, replacing good ministers with bad ones, etc., and in 1321 had their lands taken away from them and were both exiled; this was annulled in the Parliament of York 1322; with the King in Scotland 1322; Keeper of the Forests South of Trent for life 1324; a Commissioner to make peace with the Scots 1324; when King Edward fled to Wales in 1326 le Despencer was sent to defend Bristol; he surrendered this to Queen Isabella and was immediately tried, condemned to death as a traitor and hanged; on his death all his honours were forfeited and the sentence of exile passed on him in 1321 was re-affirmed by Parliament.

 

Hugh "the Younger" [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd Baron le Despencer

born

mar.

after 14 Jun 1306 Lady Eleanor de Clare (b. Oct 1292; mar. (2) c. Jan 1328/9 as his second wife William [de Mortimer later la Zouche], 1st Baron Zouche; d. 30 Jun 1337), sister of the whole blood and cohrss. of Gilbert [de Clare], 7th Earl of Gloucester, and 1st dau. of Gilbert [de Clare], 6th Earl of Gloucester, by his second wife the Princess Joan "of Acre", 2nd surv. dau. of King Edward I by his first wife Eleanor of Castile, dau. of Ferdinand III, King of Castile

children

1. Sir Hugh le Despencer, later 1st Baron le Despencer and de jure 2nd and 3rd Baron le Despencer

2. Sir Edward le Despencer, of Buckland, co. Buckingham, Eyworth, co. Bedford, West Winterslow, co. Wiltshire, Essendine, co. Rutland, etc., (d. 30 Sep 1342), mar. 20 Apr 1335 Ann de Ferrers (d. 8 Aug 1367), only dau. of William [de Ferrers], 1st Baron Ferrers of Groby, by his wife Ellen de Segrave, dau. of John [de Segrave], 2nd Baron Segrave, and had issue:

1a. Sir Edward le Despencer, later 1st Baron le Despencer and de jure 3rd and 4th Baron le Despencer

3. Gilbert le Despencer, of Melton Mowbray, co. Leicester

 

1. Elizabeth la Despencere (d. 13 Jul 1389; bur. at St Botolph's Church, London), mar. Aug 1338 Maurice [de Berkeley], 4th Baron Berkeley, and had issue

2. Isabel la Despencere, mar. 9 Feb 1320/21 (div. 1345) as his first wife Richard [FitzAlan], 10th or 3rd Earl of Arundel, and had issue

died

24 Nov 1326 (bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey)

created

by writ of summons v.p. 29 Jul 1314 Baron le Despencer

suc. by

son

note

knighted 1306; was with King Edward II in Pontoise 1313; Chamberlain 1313; Constable of Odiham Castle 1317-18; Keeper of the Castles and Towns of Dryslwyn and Cantref Mawr, co. Carmarthen 1317; reappointed Chamberlain at the Parliament of York 1318; a Commissioner to treat with the Scots 1319; Constable of Odiham Castle 1319/20-21; with the King in France 1320; Keeper of the Castle and Town of Porchester 1320-24; Keeper of the Castle, Town and Barton of Bristol 1320-21; the lands of both himself and his father were ravaged by his rivals 1321; both father and son were accused in Parliament of taking upon themselves some of the Royal power, giving bad advice to the King, replacing good ministers with bad ones, etc., and in 1321 had their lands taken away from them and were both exiled; this was annulled in the Parliament of York 1322; accompanied the King against the discontented Barons 1322; after the Battle of Boroughbridge he had large grants of land forfeited by the rebels; Keeper of the Castle, Town and Barton of Bristol during the King's pleasure 1322 and for life 1325; Keeper of the Castles. Manors and Lands of Brecknock, Hay, Cantref Selyf, Talgarth, Blaen Llyfni and Pencelly, co. Brecon, and Huntington, co. Hereford 1322; accompanied the King against the Scots1322, and with him fled from Rievaulx to Bridlington following the Battle of Byland Abbey; Keeper of the Castle, Town and Barton of Gloucester, the Castle of St Briavels and the Forest of Dean 1322; appointed a Commissioner to make peace with the Scots 1324; accompanied King Edward on his flight to Wales in 1326; both he and the King were captured by Queen Isabella's forces near Llantrisant, co. Glamorgan; he was taken to Hereford, tried and condemned to death as a traitor; on his death all his honours were forfeited and the sentence of exile passed on him in 1321 was re-affirmed by Parliament; his wife had been committed to the Tower of London shortly before his death; she was released in 1328 and some of her lands restored to her; she and her second husband besieged her Castle of Caerphilly in 1329 ; she was arrested and imprisoned first in the Tower of London and then in Devizes Castle, finally being released in 1330

 

Hugh [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 2nd and 3rd Baron le Despencer

born

c. 1308

mar.

bef. 27 Apr 1341 Lady Elizabeth de Badlesmere (widow of Giles [de Badlesmere], 2nd Baron Badlesmere; mar. (3) bef. 10 Jul 1350 as his second wife Guy [de Bryan], 1st Baron Bryan; dsp. 30 May 1359; bur. with her second husband in Tewkesbury Abbey), 3rd dau. of William [de Montacute], 1st Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Katharine de Grandison, aunt and cohrss. in her issue of Thomas [de Grandison], 4th Baron Grandison, and 3rd dau. of William [de Grandison], 1st Baron Grandison

died

s. p. 8 Feb 1348/9 (bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey)

created

by writ of summons 15 Nov 1338 Baron le Despencer

suc. by

nephew

note

was with King Edward II on his flight into Wales 1326; successfully defended Caerphilly Castle against Queen Isabella's forces under Roger de Chandos until he was given a guarantee of personal safety; imprisoned in Bristol Castle 1328-31; had extensive grants of land from King Edward III 1337; he was fighting in Scotland 1337-38 and was at the Battle of Sluys 1340; was with the Earl of Northampton in Brittany; with Sir Richard Talbot defeated the French at the Battle of Morlaix 1342; an envoy to the Pope concerning the King's claim to the Crown of France 1343; at the Battle of Crecy 1346; at the Siege of Calais 1347; on his death the Barony of le Despencer created by the writ of 1338 became extinct.

 

Edward [le Despencer], 1st and de jure 3rd and 4th Baron le Despencer, KG

born

24 Mar 1335/6

mar.

bef. 2 Aug 1354 Elizabeth de Burghersh, suo jure Baroness Burghersh (b. c. 1342 ; d. Aug 1409; bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey), only dau. and hrss. of Bartholomew [de Burghersh], 2nd Baron Burghersh, by his first wife Cicely de Weyland, dau. and hrss. of Sir Richard de Weyland, of Blaxhall and Cockfield, co. Suffolk

children

1. Sir Thomas le Despencer, later 2nd, 4th and 5th Baron le Despencer later 1st Earl of Gloucester

2. Sir Hugh le Despencer (d. 1424)

1. Cicely la Despencer (d. young)

2. Elizabeth la Despencer (d. 10 Apr 1408), mar. (1) bef. 1387 John [FitzAlan or Arundel], 2nd Baron Arundel, and (2) aft. 28 Apr 1393 as his second wife William [la Zouche], 3rd Baron Zouche of Haryngworth, and had issue by her first husband

3. Anne le Despencer (d. 30 Oct 1426; bur. in the Austin Friars', Norwich), mar. (1) bef. 1 Nov 1376 Sir Hugh Hastings, of Elsing and Gressenhall, co. Norfolk (d. 6 Nov 1386), and (2) bef. Oct 1390 as his second wife Thomas [de Morley], 4th Baron Morley, and had issue by her first husband

4. Margaret le Despencer (d. 3 Nov 1415; bur. in Merevale Abbey), mar. as his second wife Robert [Ferrers], 5th Baron Ferrers of Chartley, and had issue

died

11 Nov 1375 (bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey)

created

by writ of summons 15 Dec 1357 Baron le Despencer

suc. by

son

note

 

Thomas [le Despencer], 2nd and later de facto 4th and 5th Baron le Despencer later 1st Earl of Gloucester, KG

born

22 Sep 1373

mar.

betw. 16 Apr 1378 and 14 Jan 1383/4 Lady Constance Plantagenet (b. c.1374; d. 28 Nov 1416), only dau. of Edmund "of Langley", 1st Duke of York (by his first wife Isabella of Castile, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Peter I, King of Castile, by his wife Maria Garcias de Padilla, dau. of John Garcias de Padilla), 5th son of King Edward III

children

1. Richard [le Despencer], 4th Baron Burghersh (b. 30 Nov 1396; dsp. 7 Oct 1414), mar. after 23 May 1412 his second cousin Lady Eleanor Nevill (mar. (2) Oct 1414 Henry [Percy], 1st Earl of Northumberland), 3rd dau. of Ralph [Nevill], 1st Earl of Westmorland, by his second wife Lady Joan de Beaufort, legitimated dau. of John "of Gaunt", 1st Duke of Lancaster (by his third wife and former mistress Katherine de Swynford, widow of Sir Hugh de Swynford, of Coleby and Kettlethorpe, co. Lincoln, and 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Sir Payn de Rot, Guienne King of Arms), 4th son of King Edward III

1. Elizabeth la Despencer (d. young)

2. Isabel la Despencer, suo jure Baroness Burghersh (b. 26 Jul 1400; d. 27 Dec 1439; bur. in Tewkesbury Abbey). mar. (1) 27 Jul 1411 Richard [de Beauchamp], 1st Earl of Worcester and 2nd Baron Bergavenny, and had issue:

1a. Lady Elizabeth de Beauchamp, suo jure Baroness Bergavenny (b. 16 Dec 1415; d. 18 Jun 1447), mar. bef. 1426 Edward [Nevill], 1st Baron Bergavenny (d. 18 Oct 1476), and had issue:

1b. Richard Nevill (d. young)

2b. George [Nevill], 2nd and 4th Baron Bergavenny (b. c. 1440; d. 20 Sep 1492), mar. (1) Margaret Fenne (d. 28 Sep 1485), dau. and hrss. of Sir Hugh Fenne, of Soulton Burdeleys, co. Norfolk, and Braintree, co. Essex, Under-Treasurer of England and Treasurer of the Household to King Henry VI, and had issue:

1c. George [Nevill], 3rd and 5th Baron Bergavenny (b. c. 1469; d. Jun 1535), mar. (1) Lady Joane FitzAlan (dspm. 14 Nov .....), 2nd dau. of Thomas [FitzAlan], 17th or 10th Earl of Arundel, by his wife Lady Margaret Wydville, 2nd dau. of Richard [Wydville], 1st Earl Rivers, and had issue:

1d. Hon Elizabeth Nevill (dsp.), mar. as his first wife Henry [Daubeney], 1st Earl of Bridgewater

Lord Bergavenny mar. (2) Margaret Brent (dsps. after 1515), dau. of William Brent, of Charing, co. Kent, (3) c. Jun 1519 Lady Mary Stafford, 3rd dau. of Edward [Stafford], 3rd Duke of Buckingham, by his wife Lady Eleanor Percy, 1st dau. of Henry [Percy[, 3rd Earl of Northumberland, and (4) his former mistress Mary Brooke alias Cobham, and had issue by his third wife:

1d. Henry [Nevill], 4th and 6th Baron Bergavenny (dspm. 10 Feb 1586/7), mar. (1) bef. 31 Jan 1555/6 Lady Frances Manners (bur. Sep 1576), 3rd dau. of Thomas [Manners], 1st Earl of Rutland, by his second wife Eleanor Paston, dau. of Sir William Paston, of Paston, co. Norfolk, and (2) Elizabeth Darrell (mar. (2) Sir William Sedley, 1st Bt., of Southfleet, co. Kent;  d. aft. Feb 1601/2), dau. and cohrss. of Stephen Darrell, of Spelmonden, in Horsmonden, co. Kent, Chief Clerk of the Royal Kitchen, by his wife Philippa Weldon, dau. of Edward Weldon, Clerk of the Green Cloth, and had issue by his first wife:

1e. Hon Mary Nevill, de jure suo jure Baroness Bergavenny later suo jure Baroness la Despencer

2d. Hon John Nevill (d. young)

3d. Hon Thomas Nevill (dsp.)

2d. Hon Catherine Nevill, mar. John St Leger, of Annersley, co. Devon, and had issue

3d. Hon Margaret Nevill, mar. John Cheney, son of Sir Thomas Cheney

4d. Hon Dorothy Nevill (dspm. 22 Sep 1559), mar. as his first wife her second half-cousin once removed William [Brooke], 10th Baron Cobham of Kent, and had issue

5d. Hon Ursula Nevill (d. 1575), mar. Sir Wenham St Leger, and had issue

6d. Hon Mary Nevill (d. 1576), mar. (1) 1536 Thomas [Fiennes], 9th Baron Dacre, (2) ..... Wootton, of North Tuddenham, co. Norfolk, and (3) Francis Thursby, of Congham, co. Norfolk, and had issue by her first husband

2c. William Nevill

3c. Sir Edward Nevill, of Addington Park, co. Kent, Sewer of the Royal Household, Esquire of the Body to King Henry VIII, knighted 1513, Gentleman of the Bedchamber and Master of the Buckhounds 1516, Standard Bearer to the King 1531, Constable of Leeds Castle 1534, found guilty of high treason and beheaded (d. 8 Dec 1538), mar. Hon Eleanor le Scrope (widow of Ralph [le Scrope], 9th Baron Scrope of Masham), dau. of Andrew [Windsor], 1st Baron Windsor, and had issue

4c. Sir Thomas Nevill, of Mereworth, co. Kent, Sheriff of Staffordshire 1510 and 1515, Member of Parliament for Kent, Secretary of State to King Henry VIII, Privy Councillor, Speaker of the House of Commons 1514, Member of the Star Chamber 1519, Steward of Westminster Abbey 1532 (b. c. 1480; d. 29 May 1542), mar. (1) Catherine FitzHugh (widow of George [FitzHugh], 7th Baron FitzHugh; d. 20 Aug 1527), 2nd dau. of Humphrey [Dacre], 1st Baron Dacre of Gilsland, and (2) 28 Aug 1532 Elizabeth Amadas (widow of Robert Amadas, goldsmith), and had issue by his first wife

5c. Sir Richard Nevill, a Knight of Rhodes (d. after 1515)

1c. Jane Nevill (d. bef. 26 Oct 1538), mar. bef. May 1520 Henry [Pole], 1st Baron Montagu, and had issue

2c. Elizabeth Nevill, mar. Sir Edward Berkeley

Lord Bergavenny mar. (2) as her fourth husband Elizabeth Stokker (widow of (1) Sir Robert Bassett, Lord Mayor of London, (2) Richard Naylor, of London, and (3) John Stokker, of London;  d. 1500)

1b. Alice Nevill, mar. Sir Thomas Grey

2b. Catherine Nevill, mar. ..... Iwarby

Baroness Burghersh mar. (2) 26 Nov 1423 as his second wife her late husband's cousin Richard [de Beauchamp], 13th Earl of Warwick, and had further issue:

1a. Henry [de Beauchamp], 1st Duke of Warwick and 6th Baron Burghersh (b. 22 Mar 1424/5 ; dspm. 11 Jun 1446), mar. 1434 Lady Cecily Nevill, Sheriff of Worcestershire 1449 (mar. (2) aft. 3 Apr 1449 as his first wife John [Tiptoft], 1st Earl of Worcester; d. 28 Jul 1450), 2nd dau. of Richard [Nevill], jure uxoris 5th Earl of Salisbury, by his wife Lady Alice Montacute, suo jure Countess of Salisbury, dau. and hrss. of Thomas [Montacute], 4th Earl of Salisbury, and had issue:

1a. Lady Anne Beauchamp, suo jure Countess of Warwick and Baroness Burghersh (d. an infant 3 Jun 1449)

1a. Lady Anne de Beauchamp, suo jure Countess of Warwick for life (b. c. 1426; dspm. bef. 20 Sep 1492), mar. 1434 Richard [Nevill], 1st Earl of Warwick and 6th Earl of Salisbury (the "Kingmaker"), and had issue:

1b. Lady Isabel Nevill (b. 5 Sep 1451; dvm. 22 Dec 1476), mar. 11 Jul 1469 George [Plantagenet], 1st Duke of Clarence, and had issue:

1c. Edward [Plantagenet}, 2nd Earl of Warwick (b. 21 Feb 1474/5; d. 28 Nov 1499)

1c. Lady Margaret Plantagenet, later suo jure Countess of Warwick and Salisbury (b. Aug 1473; d. 28 May 1541), mar. 22 Sep 1494 Sir Richard Pole KG, and had issue

2b. Lady Anne Nevill (b. 11 Jun 1456; dvm. and sps. 16 Mar 1484/5), mar. (1) Aug 1470 Edward [Plantagenet], Prince of Wales, only son of King Henry VI, and (2) 12 Jul 1472 King Richard III, and had issue by her second husband:

1c. Edward "of Middleham", Prince of Wales (b. c. Dec 1473; dvp. 9 Apr 1484)

died

13 Jan 1399/1400

created

29 Sep 1397 Earl of Gloucester

note

 

On the death of the infant Lady Anne Beauchamp, in her own right Countess of Warwick and Baroness Burghersh, the Barony of Burghersh and the representation of the three Baronies of le Despencer fell into abeyance between her cousin George [Nevill], Lord Bergavenny, and her aunt Anne, Countess of Warwick. On the attainder and execution of Lady Margaret Plantagenet, in her own right Countess of Warwick and Salisbury, on 28 May 1541 any claim to the four Baronies by the descendants of Anne, Countess of Warwick, lapsed and the sole representation lay with the Barons Bergavenny. The attainder of Thomas, Earl of Gloucester, was reversed in 1461 but the abeyancies continued until 25 May 1604, when the abeyancy of the 1295 Barony of le Despencer was terminated in favour of Mary, Lady Fane:

 

Hon Mary Nevill later Fane, de jure suo jure Baroness Bergavenny later suo jure Baroness la Despencer

born

25 Mar 1554

mar.

12 Dec 1574 as his second wife Sir Thomas Fane, of Badsell, co. Kent (d. 13 Mar 1588/9)

children

1. Hon Francis Fane, later 1st Earl of Westmorland later 7th Baron le Despencer

died

28 Jun 1626

suc. by

son

note

 

Francis [Fane], 1st Earl of Westmorland later 7th Baron le Despencer

born

Feb 1579/80

mar.

aft. 15 Feb 1598/9 Mary Mildmay (b. c. 1582; d. 9 Apr 1640), only surv. dau. and hrss. of Sir Anthony Mildmay, of Apethorpe, co. Northampton, by his wife Grace Sherrington, dau. and cohrss. of Sir Henry Sherrington, of Lacock, co. Wiltshire

children

1. Hon Mildmay Fane, later 2nd Earl of Westmorland and 8th Baron le Despencer

2. Thomas Fane (dvp. an infant)

3. Hon Sir Francis Fane, of Fulbeck, co. Lincoln, and Aston, co. York, Governor of Doncaster and Lincoln Castles (b. c. 1611; d. 1680), mar. Elizabeth Darcy (b. c. 1606; widow of John [Darcy], 3rd Baron Darcy (of Aston); bur. 24 Jul 1669), sister and cohrss. of John West, of Firbeck, co. York, and 1st dau. of William West, of Firbeck, co. York, by his wife Katherine Darcy, 1st dau. of Sir Edward Darcy, of Dartford, co. Kent, and had issue:

1a. Sir Francis Fane, of Henbury, co. Gloucester (d. bef. Sep 1691), mar. 16 Feb 1663/4 Hannah Rushworth, dau. of John Rushworth, and had issue:

1b. Henry Fane, of Brympton, co. Somerset 9 (b. 1669; d. 19 Dec 1726), mar. Anne Scrope (d. 1720), sister and cohrss. of John Scrope MP, of Wormsley, co. Oxford, Secretary to the Treasury, and dau. of Thomas Scrope, of Bristol, merchant, and had issue:

1c. Francis Fane MP (b. c. 1698; d. 28 May 1757)

2c. Thomas Fane, later 8th Earl of Westmorland

3c. Henry Fane, of Wormsley, co. Oxford, Member of Parliament for Lyme Regis 1757-77 (b. 1703; d. 31 May 1777), mar. (1) 17 Jul 1735 Charlotte Rowe (d. 29 Sep 1739), only dau. of Nicholas Rowe, (2) 20 May 1742 Anne Wynne, dau. of Rt Rev John Wynne DD, Bishop of Bath and Wells, and (3) Sep 1748 Charlotte Luther (d. Apr 1758), sister and cohrss. of John Luther, of Myle's, co. Essex, and had issue by each wife

4. Hon Anthony Fane (b. 1613; d. 1643), mar. Amabel Douce (bapt. 3 Sep 1607; widow of ..... Douce; mar. (3) 1 Aug 1644 as his second wife Henry [Grey], 10th Earl of Kent; d. 17 Aug 1698), dau. and hrss. of Sir Anthony Benn, of Kingston-upon-Thames, co. Surrey, Recorder of London, by his wife Jane Evelyn, dau. of John Evelyn, of Godstone, co. Surrey, and had issue

5. Hon George Fane

6. Hon William Fane

7. Hon Robert Fane

1. Lady Grace Fane (dsp. 1633), mar. as his second wife James [Home], 2nd Earl of Home

2. Lady Mary Fane (bapt. 3 Aug 1606; bur, 1634), mar. aft. 18 May 1625 as his first wife Dutton [Gerard], 3rd Baron Gerard, and had issue

3. Lady Frances Fane (d. unm.)

4. Lady Elizabeth Fane, mar. (1) as his second wife Sir John Cope, 3rd Bt., of Hanwell, co. Oxford, and (2) William Cope, of Icombe, co. Gloucester, and had issue by her first husband

5. Lady Rachael Fane (bapt. 28 Jan 1612/3; dsp. 11 Nov 1680), mar. (1) 18 Dec 1638 Henry [Bourchier], 5th Earl of Bath, and (2) 1 May 1655 (sep. 1661) Lionel [Cranfield], 3rd Earl of Middlesex

6. Lady Catherine Fane (bur. sp. 30 Aug 1649), mar. 14 May 1645 as his second wife Conyers [D'Arcy], 2nd Earl of Holderness

died

23 Mar 1628/9

created

29 Dec 1624 Baron Burghersh and Earl of Westmorland

suc. by

son

note

Member of Parliament for Kent 1601, for Maidstone 1604-11, 1614 and 1620-22 and for Peterborough 1624; Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King James I 1603; a Commissioner to preserve the King's game in Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire and Rutland 1620; suc. his mother 28 Jun 1626 as 8th Baron le Despencer as well as 6th and 8th Baron Bergavenny

 

Mildmay [Fane], 2nd Earl of Westmorland and 8th Baron le Despencer

born

24 Jan 1601

mar. (1)

6 Jul 1626 Grace Thornyhurst (d. 29 Jun 1636), dau. of Sir William Thornyhurst, of Agnes Court, Romney Marsh, co. Kent, by his wife Hon Anne Howard, dau. of Thomas [Howard], 1st Viscount Howard of Bindon

children by first wife

1. Hon Charles Fane, later 3rd Earl of Westmorland and 9th Baron le Despencer

1. Lady ..... Fane

2. Lady ..... Fane

3. Lady ..... Fane

4. Lady ..... Fane

5. Lady ..... Fane

mar. (2)

21 Jun 1638 Hon Mary Townshend (b. c. 1611; widow of Sir Roger Townshend, 1st Bt. of Raynham, co. Essex;  d. Nov 1669), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Horatio [de Vere], 1st Baron Vere of Tilbury, by his wife Mary Tracy, sister of John [Tracy], 1st Viscount Tracy, and dau. of Sir John Tracy, of Toddington, co. Gloucester

children by second wife

2. Hon Vere Fane, later 4th Earl of Westmorland and 10th Baron le Despencer

6. Lady Mary Fane (b. 1639; bur. 22 Oct 1681), mar. (1) Francis Palmes, and (2) 24 Jan 1669/70 as his second wife John [Cecil], 4th Earl of Exeter

7. Lady ..... Fane

8. Lady ..... Fane

9. Lady ..... Fane

died

12 Feb 1665/6

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Member of Parliament for Peterborough 1620-22, 1626 and 1628-29 and for Kent 1625; Knight of the Bath at the Coronation of King Charles I 1625/6; Chief Justice in Eyre of Rockingham Forest 1629 and 1630; a supporter of the King in the Civil War he was eventually arrested by Parliament and imprisoned in the Tower of London 1642-43 and then released under house arrest until 1644, when he took the Covenant; Joint Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire 1660-65/6

 

Charles [Fane], 3rd Earl of Westmorland and 9th Baron le Despencer

born

6 Jan 1634/5

mar. (1)

15 Jun 1665 Elizabeth Nodes (bapt. 1 Aug 1648; dsp.), yst. dau. and eventual hrss. of Charles Nodes, of Shephalbury, co. Hertford, by his second wife Frances Pert, dau. of William Pert, of Arnolds, co. Essex

mar. (2)

Lady Dorothy Brudenell (mar. (2) bef. 13 Jun 1697 as his second wife Robert [Constable], 3rd Viscount of Dunbar;  d. 26 Jan 1739/40), 3rd dau. of Robert [Brudenell], 2nd Earl of Cardigan, by his second wife Lady Anne Savage, 4th dau. of Thomas [Savage], 1st Viscount Savage, by his wife Lady Elizabeth D'Arcy, suo jure Countess Rivers for life

died

s.p. 22 Sep 1691

suc. by

half-brother

note

Member of Parliament for Peterborough 1660 and 1661-66; Capt of a Troop of Voluntary Horse 1660 and 1662; Master forester and Keeper of the Cliff Bailiwick of the Forest of Rockingham 1682

 

Vere [Fane], 4th Earl of Westmorland and 10th Baron le Despencer

born

13 Feb 1644/5

mar.

13 Jul 1671 Rachel Bence (b. 13 Nov 1653; d. 6 Feb 1710/1), only dau. and hrss. of Alderman John Bence, of the City of London, by his first wife Judith Andrews, dau. of Peter Andrews, of All Hallows, London

children

1. John Fane (bapt. 16 Apr 1676; bur. vp. 22 Jan 1677/8)

2. Hon Vere Fane, later 5th Earl of Westmorland and 11th Baron le Despencer

3. Hon Thomas Fane, later 6th Earl of Westmorland and 12th Baron le Despencer

4. Hon John Fane, later 7th Earl of Westmorland and 13th Baron le Despencer

1. Lady Mary Fane (d. 19 Aug 1710), mar. 30 May 1705 as his second wife Sir Francis Dashwood, 1st Bt. MP, of West Wycombe, co. Buckingham (b. 1658; d. 4 Nov 1724), and had issue:

1a. Sir Francis Dashwood, 2nd Bt., later 14th Baron le Despencer

1a. Rachel Dashwood (b. c. 1706; dsp. 16 May 1788), mar. 13 Jul 1738 Sir Robert Austin, 4th Bt. MP (b. 6 Oct 1697; dsp. 7 Oct 1743; bur. at Churchdown, co. Gloucester)

2. Lady Catherine Fane, mar. William Paul, of Braywick, co. Berkshire, and had issue:

1a. Catherine Paul (d. 28 Jun 1753), mar. 28 Apr 1724 Sir William Stapleton, 4th Bt. MP (d. 12Jan 1739/40), and had issue:

1b. Lieut William Stapleton RN (dvp.)

2b. Sir Thomas Stapleton, 5th Bt. (b. 24 Feb 1727; d. 1781), mar. 27 Nov 1765 Mary Fane, only surv. dau. of Henry Fane, of Womersley, co. Oxford, by his second wife Rt Rev John Wynne DD, Bishop of Bath and Wells, and had issue:

1c. Sir Thomas Stapleton, 6th Bt., later 15th Baron le Despencer

2c. Lieut Gen William Stapleton (b. 6 Jun 1770; d. 1826), mar. 1790 Anna Maria Keppel (d. 1836), 1st dau. of Rt Rev Hon Frederick Keppel DD, Bishop of Exeter (by his wife Louisa Walpole, illegit. dau. of Sir Edward Walpole KB), 4th son of William Anne [Keppel], 2nd Earl of Albemarle, and had issue

3c. James Henry Stapleton (b. 29 Jun 1777; d. 1842)

1c. Maria Stapleton (d. 20 Mar 1858)

2c. Catherine Stapleton (d. Apr 1863)

3b. James Stapleton

1b. Catherine Stapleton, mar. Sir James Wright, Resident Minister in Venice, Italy

2b. Frances Stapleton

3. Lady ..... Fane

4. Lady ..... Fane

5. Lady ..... Fane

6. Lady ..... Fane

died

29 Dec 1693

suc. by

son

note

 

Vere [Fane], 5th Earl of Westmorland and 11th Baron le Despencer

born

25 May 1678

died

19 May 1699

suc. by

brother

note

Guidon and eldest Cornet, 1st Troop of Life Guards 1697

 

Thomas [Fane], 6th Earl of Westmorland and 12th Baron le Despencer

born

3 Oct 1683

mar.

Jun 1707 Catherine Beaumont (b. c. 1682; widow of Richard Beaumont, of Whitley, co. Kent;  d. 4 Feb 1729/30), dau. and hrss. of Thomas Stringer, of Sharleston, co. York, by his wife Catherine Norton, dau. of Welbury Norton, of Sawley, co. York

died

s.p. 4 Jul 1736

suc. by

brother

note

a Gentleman of the Bedchamber (Whig) to Prince George of Denmark 1704; Deputy Warden of the Cinque Ports and Deputy Governor of Dover Castle 1705-08; Master Forester and Keeper of the Cliff Bailiwick in the Forest of Rockingham 1705; a Lord of the Bedchamber 1715; Chief Justice in Eyre, North of Trent 1716-19; Privy Councillor 1717; First Lord of Trade and Foreign Plantations 1719-35; Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire 1735

 

John [Fane], 1st Baron Catherlough later 7th Earl of Westmorland and 13th Baron le Despencer

bapt.

24 Mar 1685/6

mar.

Aug 1716 Mary Cavendish (b. 3 Jan 1699/1700; d. 29 Jul 1778), only dau. and hrss. of Lord Henry Cavendish MP (by his wife Rhoda Cartwright, dau. of William Cartwright, of Aynho, co. Northampton), 2nd son of William [Cavendish], 1st Duke of Devonshire

died

s.p. 26 Aug 1762

created

4 Oct 1733 Baron Catherlough, of Catherlough in the County of Catherlough (Peerage of Ireland)

suc. by

second cousin once removed in the Earldom of Westmorland

note

Member of Parliament for Hythe 1708-11, for Kent 1715-22 and for Buckingham 1727-34; Capt, 5th Regiment of Dragoon Guards 1718/9-14, Lt Col 37th Regiment of Foot 1715, Brig General 1735, Maj General 1742, Lieut General 1742 and General of the Horse 1761; Col of the 37th Regiment of Foot 1715-17, of the of the 1st Troop of Horse Guards 1717-33 and of the 1st Troop of Life Guards 1733-37; Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire and Warden of the East Bailiwick of the Forest of Rockingham 1737; Master Forester and Keeper of the Cliff Bailiwick in the Forest of Rockingham 1739; High Steward of the University of Oxford 1754-59; Chancellor of the University of Oxford 1759-62.

 

On the death of the 13th Baron le Despencer the Barony of Catherlough became extinct, the Earldom of Westmorland passed to a second cousin once removed, and the Barony of le Despencer fell into abeyance between the descendants of his two sisters, Lady Mary Dashwood and Lady Catherine Paul.  The Barony of le Despencer was called out of abeyance on 19 Apr 1763 in favour of Sir Frances Dashwood, 2nd Bt., of West Wycombe, co. Buckingham:

 

Francis [Dashwood], 14th Baron le Despencer, PC

born

Dec 1708

mar.

19 Dec 1745 Sarah Ellis (widow of Sir Richard Ellis, 3rd Bt., of Wyham, co. Lincoln; d. 19 Jan 1769; bur. at West Wycombe, co. Buckingham), dau. and cohrss. of George Gould, of Iver, co. Buckingham

died

s.p.legit. 11 Dec 1781 (bur. at West Wycombe, co. Buckingham)

suc. by

first cousin twice removed

note

suc. his father 4 Nov 1724 as 2nd Baronet; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Romney 1741-61 and for Weymouth 1761-63; FRS 1746; Privy Councillor 1761; Treasurer of the Chamber 1761-62; Chancellor of the Exchequer 1762-63; the abeyance of the Barony of le Despencer was terminated in his favour 19 Apr 1763; Lord Lieutenant of Buckinghamshire 1763-81; Keeper of the Wardrobe 1763-65; Joint Postmaster General 1766-81; FSA 1769

 

On the death of the 14th Baron le Despencer in 1781 the barony fell into abeyance between his sister, Rachel, Lady Austin, and the descendants of his aunt, Lady Catherine Paul. On the death of his sister in 1788 the barony was called out of abeyance in favour of his first cousin twice removed,

 

Thomas [Stapleton], 15th Baron le Despencer

born

10 Nov 1766

mar.

29 Jul 1791 Elizabeth Eliot (b. c. 1758; d. 3 Jul 1848), 2nd dau. of Samuel Eliot, of Antigua, by his wife Alice Byam, dau. of Col William Byam, of Byams, Antigua

children

1. Hon Thomas Stapleton, of Grey's Court, Henley-on-Thames, co. Berkshire, and Mereworth Castle, co. Kent (b. 24 Apr 1792; dvp. 1 Jun 1829), mar. 2 Feb 1816 Maria Wynne Bankes (d. 15 Oct 1823), 2nd dau. of Henry Bankes MP, of Kingston Lacy House, co. Dorset, by his wife Frances Woodley, dau. of William Woodley, and had issue:

1a. Mary Francis Elizabeth Stapleton, later suo jure Baroness le Despencer

2. Lieut Hon William Stapleton (b. 2 Dec 1797; dvp. 26 Sep 1826)

3. Rev Hon Miles John Stapleton, Rector of Mereworth, co. Kent (b. 21 Mar 1801; dvp. and spm. 11 Jun 1830), mar. 29 Dec 1820 Anne Byam Kerby, dau. of T N Kerby, of Antigua, and had issue:

1a. Adelaide Stapleton (d. 30 Aug 1860), mar. 23 Oct 1851 as his second wife Capt Catesby Paget, of Aspley Guise, Woburn, co. Bedford (b. 29 Nov 1809; d. 16 Jul 1878), 2nd son of Hon Berkeley Thomas Paget (by his wife Sophia Askell Bucknall, dau. of Hon William Bucknall), 6th son of Henry [Bayly later Paget], 1st Earl of Uxbridge, and had issue

2a. Anne Byam Stapleton (dsp. 14 Apr 1871), mar. 17 Aug 1858 Capt Augustus Thomas Hotham (b. 25 Jan 1817; dsp. 24 Dec 1896), 4th son of Rev Hon Frederick Hotham, Prebendary of Rochester (by his wife Anne Elizabeth Hodges, 1st dau. of Thomas Hallett Hodges, of Hemsted Park, co. Kent), 2nd son of Beaumont [Hotham], 2nd Baron Hotham

3a. Jane Elizabeth Stapleton (d. 24 Nov 1906), mar. 30 Apr 1862 Archibald Godley (d. 8 Jun 1907), 5th son of John Godley, of Killegar, co. Leitrim, by his wife Katharine Daly, dau. of Rt Hon Denis Daly, of Dunsandle, co. Galway, by his wife Lady Harriet Maxwell, only dau. of Robert [Maxwell], 1st Earl of Farnham, and had issue

4. Rev Hon Sir Francis Jarvis Stapleton, 7th Bt., Rector of Mereworth, co. Kent (b. 6 Aug 1807; d. 11 Feb 1874), mar. 17 May 1830 Margaret Airey (d. 7 Feb 1880), dau. of Lieut Gen Sir George Airey KCH, and had issue

1. Hon Elizabeth Mary Stapleton (dvp. 30 Dec 1823)

2. Hon Maria Catherine Frances Stapleton (b. 22 Sep 1794; d. 25 Feb 1861), mar. 9 Jan 1813 as his first wife Robert [Jocelyn], 3rd Earl of Roden, and had issue

3. Hon Emma Stapleton (b. 27 Feb 1796; dspm. 29 Dec 1879; bur. at Peper Harow, co. Surrey), mar. 5 May 1825 Charles [Brodrick], 6th Viscount Midleton, and had issue

4. Hon Emily Stapleton (d. 26 Jan 1875), mar. Nov 1817 Lieut Gen Hon Sir Hercules Robert Pakenham KCB (b. 29 Sep 1871; d. 7 Mar 1850), 3rd son of Edward Michael [Pakenham], 2nd Baron Longford (by his wife Catherine Rowley, 2nd dau. of Rt Hon Hercules Langford Rowley MP, of Summerhill, co. Meath, by his wife Elizabeth Upton, suo jure Viscountess Langford, dau. and hrss. of Clotworthy Upton, of Castle Upton, co. Antrim), 1st son and hr. of Thomas [Pakenham], 1st Baron Longford, by his wife Elizabeth Cuffe, suo jure Countess of Longford, and had issue

5. Hon Frances Stapleton (d. 1835)

6. Hon Anna Frances Esther Stapleton (b. 15 Apr 1805; dsp. 20 Aug 1868; bur. at Abergele, North Wales), mar. 3 Dec 1828 Henry [Maxwell], 7th Baron Farnham

died

3 Oct 1831

suc. by

grand-daughter

note

suc. his father 1 Jan 1781 as 5th Baronet

 

Mary Francis Elizabeth Stapleton later Boscawen, suo jure Baroness le Despencer

born

24 Mar 1822

mar.

29 Jul 1845 Evelyn [Boscawen], 6th Viscount Falmouth

died

20 Nov 1891

suc. by

son

note

 

Evelyn Edward Thomas [Boscawen], 7th Viscount Falmouth and 17th Baron le Despencer, KCVO CB

note

suc. his father 6 Nov 1889 as 7th Viscount Falmouth and his mother 20 Nov 1891 as 17th Baron le Despencer

 

The Barony of le Despencer has been held by the Viscounts Falmouth since 20 Nov 1891.

 

Last updated 19 Apr 2012

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