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Clarendon, Earl of (GB, 1776)

 

Creation: let. pat. 14 Jun 1776

 

Family name: Villiers

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Arms:

Argent on a Cross Gules five Escallop Shells Or

Crest:

A Lion rampant Argent ducally crowned Or

Supporters:

On either side an Eagle wings endorsed Sable ducally crowned Or charged on the breast with a Plain Cross Argent

Motto:

Fidei Coticula Crux (The cross, the test of faith)

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Thomas [Villiers], 1st Baron Hyde later 1st Earl of Clarendon, PC

2nd son of William [Villiers], 2nd Earl of Jersey, by his wife Judith Herne, only dau. and hrss. of Frederick Herne, of the City of London

born

1709

mar.

30 Mar 1752 Lady Charlotte Capell (b. 2 Oct 1721; d. 3 Dec 1790), 3rd but 1st surv. dau. of William [Capell], 3rd Earl of Essex, by his first wife Lady Jane Hyde, 1st surv. dau. of Henry [Hyde], 4th Earl of Clarendon

children

1. Hon Thomas Villiers, later 2nd Earl of Clarendon

2. Hon John Charles Villiers, later 3rd Earl of Clarendon

3. Hon George Villiers (b. 23 Nov 1795; d. 21 Mar 1827), mar. 17 Apr 1798 Hon Theresa Parker (bur. 10 Jan 1856), sister of John [Parker], 1st Earl of Morley, and only dau. of John [Parker], 1st Baron Boringdon, by his second wife Hon Theresa Robinson, 2nd dau. of Thomas [Robinson], 1st Baron Grantham, and had issue:

1a. George William Villiers, later 4th Earl of Clarendon

2a. Thomas Hyde Villiers, Member of Parliament for Hedon 1826-30, for Wotton Bassett 1830 and for Bletchingley 1831 (b. 24 Jan 1801; dsp. legit. 3 Dec 1832)

3a. Rt Hon Charles Pelham Villiers, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1839, Member of Parliament for Wolverhampton 1835-98 (b. Jan 1802; d. 16 Jan 1898)

4a. Hon Edward Ernest Villiers, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1839 (b. 23 Mar 1806; d. 30 Oct 1843), mar. 1 Aug 1835 Hon Elizabeth Charlotte Liddell (b. c. 1808; d. 15 Apr 1890), 5th dau. of Thomas Henry [Liddell], 1st Baron Ravensworth, by his wife Maria Susanna Simpson, dau. of John Simpson, of Bradley Hall, co. Durham, by his wife Lady Anne Lyon, 2nd dau. of Thomas [Lyon], 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and had issue

5a. Rt Rev Hon Henry Montagu DD, Bishop of Durham, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1839 (b. 4 Jan 1813; d. 9 Aug 1861), mar. 30 Jan 1837 Amelia Maria Hulton (d. 5 Feb 1871), 1st dau. of William Hulton, of Hulton Park, co. Lancaster, by his wife Maria Ford, yst. dau. and cohrss. of Randall Ford, of Wexham, co. Buckingham, and had issue

6a. Lieut Hon Augustus Algernon Villiers RN, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1839 (b. 14 Apr 1817; d. 1843)

1a. Lady Maria Theresa Villiers, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1839 (d. 9 Nov 1865), mar. (1) 6 Nov 1830 Thomas Henry Lister, of Armitage Park, co. Stafford (b. 1800; d. 5 Jun 1842), only son of Thomas Lister, of Armitage Park, co. Stafford, by his first wife Harriet Anne Seale, 2nd dau. of John Seale, of Mount Boone, co. Devon, and (2) 25 Oct 1844 Rt Hon Sir George Cornewall Lewis, 2nd Bt., MP, and had issue by her first husband

1. Lady Charlotte Barbara Villiers (b. 27 Mar 1761; d. 9 Apr 1810)

died

11 Dec 1786

created

3 Jun 1756 Baron Hyde, of Hindon in the County of Wiltshire, with remainder to the heirs male of his body by Charlotte, his then wife, failing which to the said Charlotte and the heirs male of her body

14 Jun 1776 Earl of Clarendon

suc. by

son

note

Envoy to Friedrich August, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony 1740-47, to Vienna 1742-43 and to Berlin 1746-48; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Tamworth 1747-56; a Lord of the Admiralty 1748-56; Privy Councillor 1763; Joint Postmaster General 1763-65 and 1786; Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1771-82 and 1783-86; obtained a Royal Licence 1782 that he and his issue should bear their arms on the Royal Eagle of Prussia in the manner granted to him by Frederick III, King of Prussia, who is also said to have made him a Count of that Kingdom

 

Thomas [Villiers], 2nd Earl of Clarendon

born

26 Dec 1753

died

7 Mar 1824

suc. by

brother

note

Member of Parliament (Tory) for Christchurch 1774-80 and for Helston 1780-81 and 1781-86

 

John Charles [Villiers], 3rd Earl of Clarendon, PC

born

14 Nov 1757

mar.

5 Jan 1791 his cousin Maria Eleanor Forbes (b. c. 1759; d. 18 Mar 1844), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Adm Hon John Forbes (by his wife Lady Mary Capell, 2nd surv. dau. by his first wife of William [Capell], 3rd Earl of Essex), 2nd son of George [Forbes], 3rd Earl of Granard

only child

1. Lady Mary Harriet Villiers (dvp. 20 Jan 1835)

died

s.p.s. 22 Dec 1838

suc. by

nephew

note

barrister, Lincoln's Inn 1779; King's Counsel in the Duchy of Lancaster 1782-86; Surveyor of Woods for the Northern Parts of the Duchy of Lancaster 1786-1825; Member of Parliament (Tory) for Old Sarum 1784-90, for Dartmouth 1790-1802, for Wick Burghs 1802-05 and for Queenborough 1807-12 and 1820-24; Comptroller of the Royal Household 1787-90; Privy Councillor 1787; Chief Justice in Eyre, North of Trent 1790-1838; Prothonotary for the County of Lancaster 1804-38; Envoy to Portugal 1807-10

 

George William [Villiers], 4th Earl of Clarendon, KG GCB PC

born

26 Jan 1800

mar.

4 Jun 1839 Lady Katharine Barham (b. 18 Apr 1810; widow of John Joseph Barham, of Stockbridge, co. Hampshire;  d. 4 Jul 1874), 1st dau. of James Walter [Grimston], 1st Earl of Verulam, by his wife Lady Charlotte Jenkinson, only dau. by his second wife of Charles [Jenkinson], 1st Earl of Liverpool

children

1. Hon Edward Hyde Villiers, styled Lord Hyde (b. 30 Jan 1845; dvp. 26 Feb 1846)

2. Hon Edward Hyde Villiers, later 5th Earl of Clarendon

3. Col Hon George Patrick Hyde Villiers CB CMG, Military Secretary to Governor-General of India, Military Attaché at St Petersburg, Berlin and Paris (b. 27 Feb 1847; d. 10 Jan 1892), mar. 9 Oct 1884 Louisa Maria Maquay (mar. (2) 28 Jun 1894 Maj Hon Gilbert Legh, 2nd son of William John [Legh], 1st Baron Newton; d. 22 Nov 1932), dau. of George Disney Maquay, of Florence, Italy, and had issue

4. Rt Hon Sir Francis Hyde Villiers GCMG GCVO CB, Private Secretary to Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1875-92, Private Secretary to Foreign Secretary 1886 and 1892-94, Assistant Permanent Under-Secretary 1896-1905, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Lisbon 1906-11 and to Brussels 1911-19, Ambassador to Brussels 1919-20 (b. 13 Aug 1852; d. 18 Nov 1925), mar. 28 Jun 1876 Virginia Catherine Carrington Smith (d. 12 Dec 1937), 2nd dau. of Eric Carrington Smith DL, of Ashfold, Handcross, co. Sussex, and had issue

1. Lady Constance Villiers (b. 2 Sep 1840; d. 17 Apr 1922), mar. 31 May 1864 Frederick Arthur [Stanley], 16th Earl of Derby, and had issue

2. Lady Alice Villiers (b. 17 Sep 1841; d. 23 Nov 1897), mar. 16 Aug 1860 Edward [Bootle-Wilbraham], 1st Earl of Lathom, and had issue

3. Lady Emily Theresa Villiers VA (b. 9 Sep 1843; d. 22 Feb 1927), mar. 5 May 1868 Odo William Leopold [Russell], 1st Baron Ampthill, and had issue

4. Lady Florence Margaret Villiers (dvp. 25 Aug 1851)

died

27 Jun 1870

suc. by

son

note

Attaché at St Petersburg 1820-23; Commissioner of the Customs 1824-33; Envoy to Madrid 1833-39; GCB 1937; Privy Councillor 1840; Lord Privy Seal 1840-41;  Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster 1840-41 and 1864-65; President of the Board of Trade 1846-47; Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1847-52;  Knight of the Garter 1849; Chancellor of the Queen's University of Ireland 1851-70; Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1853-58, 1865-66 and 1868-70; Ambassador to the Congress of Paris 1856 and to Berlin for the Coronation of king William I of Prussia 1861

 

Edward Hyde [Villiers], 5th Earl of Clarendon, GCB GCVO PC

born

11 Feb 1846

mar. (1)

6 Sep 1876 Lady Caroline Elizabeth Agar (b. 21 Mar 1857; d. 9 May 1894), 1st dau. of James Charles Herbert Welbore Ellis [Agar], 3rd Earl of Normanton, by his wife Lady Caroline Susan Augusta Barrington, 3rd dau. of William Keppel [Barrington], 6th Viscount Barrington

children by first wife

1. Hon George Herbert Hyde Villiers, later 6th Earl of Clarendon

1. Lady Edith Villiers (b. 8 Nov 1878; dsp. 1 Aug 1935), mar. 15 May 1911 Piers Alexander Hamilton [Edgcumbe], 5th Earl of Mount Edgcumbe

mar. (2)

5 Aug 1908 Emma Mary Augusta Bourke (widow of Maj Hon Edward Roden Bourke, 6th son of Robert [Bourke], 5th Earl of Mayo;  d. 9 Mar 1935), 1st dau. of Lieut Gen George Cliffe Hatch CSI

died

2 Oct 1914

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Member of Parliament (Liberal) for Brecon 1869-70; Lord Lieutenant of Hertfordshire 1892-1914; a Lord-in-Waiting 1895-1900; Yeomanry ADC to Queen Victoria, King Edward VII and King George V 1897- ; Privy Councillor 1900; Lord Chamberlain 1900-05; GCB 1902; GCVO 1905

 

George Herbert Hyde [Villiers], 6th Earl of Clarendon, KG GCMG GCVO PC

born

7 Jun 1877

mar.

5 Aug 1905 Adeline Verena Isabel Cocks DGStJ JP (b. 1886; d. 6 Feb 1963), sister of Arthur Herbert Tennyson [Cocks], 6th Baron Somers, and only surv. dau. of Herbert Haldane Somers Cocks, by his wife Blanche Margaret Standish Clogstoun, dau. of Maj Herbert Clogstoun VC

children

1. Hon George Herbert Arthur Edward Hyde Villiers, styled Lord Hyde (b. 6 May 1906; dvp. 27 Apr 1935), mar. 18 Apr 1932 Hon Marion Feodorovna Louise Glyn DCVO, Woman of the Bedchamber to Queen Elizabeth later Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother 1937-61 and Extra Woman of the Bedchamber 1961-70 (b. 23 Aug 1900; d. 13 Dec 1970), 1st dau. of Frederic [Glyn], 4th Baron Wolverton, by his wife Lady Edith Amelia Ward CBE, only dau. by his second wife of William [Ward], 1st Earl of Dudley, and had issue:

1a. Hon George Frederick Laurence Hyde Villiers, later 7th Earl of Clarendon

1a. Lady Rosemary Verena Edith Villiers, granted the style and precedence of the daughter of an Earl by Royal Warrant 1956 (b. 29 Jun 1935; d. 18 Feb 2018), mar. 15 Jan 1959 Richard Hugh Jordan Steel, of Glebe House, Notgrove, Cheltenham, co. Gloucester, 1st son of Sir Christopher Eden Steel GCMG CVO, by his wife Catherine Clive, dau. of Lt Gen Sir (George) Sidney Clive GCVO KCB CMG DSO, and had issue

2. Maj Hon (William) Nicholas Somers Laurence Hyde (b. 17 Jul 1916; d. 24 Feb 2000), mar. 4 May 1939 Mary ("Maimie") Cecilia Georgina Weld-Forester (b. 22 Jan 1917; d. 25 Oct 2002), 1st dau. of Maj Hon Edric Alfred Cecil Weld-Forester CVO DL, Adjutant and Clerk of the Cheque, Yeomen of the Guard, of Laverton House, Broadway, co. Gloucester (by his wife Lady Victoria Alexandrina Legge-Bourke, widow of Lieut Nigel Walter Legge later Legge-Bourke, of Hayes, Beau Parc, co. Meath, and 5th dau. and cohrss. of Charles Robert [Carrington later Carington later Wynn Carrington], 1st Marquess of Lincolnshire), 6th son of Cecil Theodore [Weld-Forester], 5th Baron Forester, and had issue

1. Lady (Nina) Joan Edith Virginia Villiers DStJ (b. 10 Dec 1908; d. 28 Oct 1971), mar. 27 Jun 1933 George Christopher Newman, only son of Frank Newman, of The Lodge, 6 Egerton Terrace, London SW, and had issue

died

13 Dec 1955

suc. by

grandson

note

Extra ADC to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1902-05; Chancellor, Primrose League 1919-21; Chairman, British Broadcasting Corporation 1920-30; a Lord-in-Waiting 1921-22; Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms 1922-25; Parliamentary Under-Secretary for Dominion Affairs and Chairman, Overseas Settlement Committee 1925-27; GCMG 1930; Privy Councillor 1931; Governor-General and Commander-in-Chief of the Union of South Africa 1931-37; Knight of the Garter 1937; Lord Chamberlain and Chancellor of the Royal Victorian Order 1938-52; GCVO 1939; Chancellor of the Order of St Michael and St George 1942; Royal Victorian Chain 1952

 

George Frederick Laurence Hyde [Villiers], 7th Earl of Clarendon

born

2 Feb 1933

mar.

17 Jul 1974 Jane Diana Dawson, dau. of Edward William Dawson, of The Old Rectory, Idmiston, Salisbury, co. Wiltshire

children

1. Hon George Edward Laurence Villiers, later 8th Earl of Clarendon

1. Lady Sarah Katherine Jane Villiers (b. 20 Oct 1977), mar. Guy Horner, yst. son of G M Horner, of Buishops Itchington, co. Warwick, and has issue

died

4 Jul 2009

suc. by

son

note

Page of Honour to King George VI 1948-49; Prime Warden, Fishmongers' Company 1999-2000

 

George Edward Laurence [Villiers], 8th Earl of Clarendon

born

12 Feb 1976

mar.

Bryonie V L Leask, dau. of Maj General Anthony de Camborne Lowther Leask CB CBE, of Stibb Green, Burbage, co. Wiltshire (by his wife Heather Catherine Moir), only son of Lieut General Sir Henry Lowther Ewart Clark Leask KCB OBE DSO, of 9 Glenalmond House, Manor Fields, London SW15, Governor of Edinburgh Castle 1969-72, by his wife Zoe de Camborne Paynter, dau. of Col William Patterson Paynter DSO

children

1. Hon Edward George James Villiers, styled Lord Hyde (b. 17 Apr 2008)

2. Hon Frederick Henry Alexander Villiers (b. 29 Oct 2009)

3. Hon Cosmo Thomas Laurence Villiers (b. 21 Mar 2013)

note

Page of Honour to Queen Elizabeth II 1988-90

 

Last updated 10 Jul 2019

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Titles:

8th Earl of Clarendon

(Great Britain, let. pat. 14 Jun 1776)

8th Baron Hyde, of Hindon in the County of Wiltshire

(Great Britain, let. pat. 3 Jun 1756)

 

Address:

Holywell House, Swanmore, Hampshire SO32 2QE

Tel:  01489 896090   Fax:  01489 892353

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ã Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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