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Bute, Marquess of (GB, 1796)

 

Creation: let. pat. 21 Feb 1796

 

Family name: Stuart later Crichton-Stuart

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Arms:

Quarterly:  1st and 4th, Or a Fess checky Azure and Argent within a double Tressure flory counterflory Gules (Stuart);  2nd and 3rd, Argent a Lion rampant Azure armed and langued Gules (Crichton);  behind the shield are placed in saltire a Key Or having within its handle a Fess checky Azure and Argent, and a Rod Gules surmounted of a Tower Argent masoned Sable conically capped loopholes and port Gules (Insignia of Office of Hereditary Keeper of Rothesay Castle)

Crests:

1st:  a Dragon Vert crowned with an open Crown of four Strawberry Leaves langued Or (Crichton);  2nd:  a demi Lion rampant Gules armed and langued Azure (Stuart);  3rd, a Wyvern proper holding in the mouth a Sinister Hand couped Gules (for the Lordship and Fief of Cardiff)

Supporters:

Dexter:  a Stag proper attired Or gorged with an Earl's Coronet also proper having therefrom a Chain reflexed over the back Gules;  Sinister: a Horse Argent bridled Gules

Motto:

Avito Viret Honore (He flourishes in an honourable ancestry)

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John [Stuart], 1st Baron Cardiff later 4th Earl of Bute later 1st Marquess of Bute, PC

1st son and heir of John [Stuart], 3rd Earl of Bute, by his wife Mary Wortley-Montagu, suo jure Baroness Mount Stuart of Wortley, only dau. of Edward Wortley-Montagu, of Wortley, co. York

born

30 Jun 1744

mar. (1)

1 Nov 1766 Hon Charlotte Jane Hickman-Windsor (b. 7 May 1746; d. 28 Jan 1800), 1st dau. and cohrss. and event. sole hrss. of Herbert [Hickman-Windsor], 2nd Viscount Windsor, by his wife Alice Clavering, dau. and hrss. in her issue of Sir John Clavering, 3rd Bt., of Axwell, co. Durham

children by first wife:

1. Hon John Stuart MP, styled Viscount Mount Stuart, Member of Parliament (Tory) for Cardiff 1790-94, Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan 1793-94 (b. 25 Sep 1767;  dvp. 22 Jan 1794), mar. 12 Oct 1792 Lady Elizabeth Penelope McDowall-Crichton (b. 25 Nov 1772; dvp. 25 Jul 1797), only surv. dau. of Patrick [McDowall-Crichton], 6th Earl of Dumfries, by his wife Margaret Crauford, dau. of Ronald Crauford of Restalrig, co. Edinburgh, and had issue:

1a. Hon John Stuart later Crichton-Stuart, later 2nd Marquess of Bute

2a. Lord Patrick James Herbert Stuart later Crichton-Stuart MP, granted the style and precedence of the younger son of a Marquess by Royal Warrant Mar 1817 (b. 25 Aug 1794;  d. 7 Sep 1859), mar. 13 Jul 1818 Hannah Tighe (d. 5 Jun 1872), dau. of William Tighe MP, of Woodstock, co. Kilkenny, and had issue

2. Lord Herbert Windsor Stuart (b. 1770 ; d. 1825)

3. Col Lord Evelyn James Stuart (b. 1773; d. 16 Aug 1842)

4. Lord Charles Stuart, a Naval officer, lost in the sinking of HMS Leda (dvp. 1796)

5. Lord Henry Stuart (b. 7 Jun 1777;  d. 19 Aug 1809), mar. 15 Jul 1802 Lady Gertrude Amelia Mason-Villiers (b. 28 Mar 1778; d. 30 Aug 1809), only dau. and hrss. of George [Mason-Villiers], 2nd Earl Grandison, by his wife Lady Gertrude Seymour-Conway, 3rd dau. of Francis [Seymour-Conway], 1st Marquess of Hertford, and had issue

6. Capt Lord William Stuart RN (b. 18 Nov 1778'  d. 28 Jul 1814), mar. Jun 1806 Hon Georgiana Maude (b. 1781; d. 31 Aug 1807), 2nd dau. by his third wife of Cornwallis [Maude], 1st Viscount Hawarden, and had issue

7. Rear Adm Lord George Stuart CB RN (b. 1 Mar 1780;  d. 19 Feb 1841), mar. 7 Oct 1800 Jane Stewart (d. 1 Feb 1862), dau. of Maj Gen James Stewart, and had issue

1. Lady Maria Alice Charlotte Stuart (d. 1841), mar. C Pinfold

2. Lady Charlotte Stuart (d. 5 Sep 1847), mar. 1797 Sir William Jackson Homan, Bt.

mar. (2)

17 Sep 1800 Frances Coutts (b. c.1773; d. 12 Nov 1832), 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Thomas Coutts, banker, of The Strand, co. Middlesex, by his first wife Susan Starkie

children by second wife:

8. Lord Dudley Coutts Stuart, Member of Parliament for Arundel 1830-37 and for Marylebone 1847-54 (b. 11 Jan 1803;  d. 17 Nov 1854), mar. 1824 Christiana Alexandrine Egypta Bonaparte (d. 19 May 1847), dau. of Lucien Bonaparte, Prince of Canino, and had issue

3. Lady Frances Stuart (d. 29 Mar 1859), mar. 15 Sep 1823 Dudley [Ryder], 2nd Earl of Harrowby, and had issue

died

16 Nov 1814

created

v.p. 20 May 1776 Baron Cardiff, of Cardiff Castle

21 Feb 1796 Viscount Mountjoy, of the Isle of Wight, Earl of Windsor, and Marquess of Bute

suc. by

grandson

note

Member of Parliament (Tory) for Bossiney 1766-76; Lord Lieutenant of Glamorgan 1772-93 and 1794-1814 and of Bute 1794-1814; Privy Councillor 1779; Envoy to Turin 1779-83; Auditor of the Imprest 1781-82; Ambassador to Spain 1783 and 1795-96; suc. his father 10 Mar 1792 as 4th Earl of Bute; suc. his mother 13 Nov 1794 as 2nd Baron Mount Stuart of Wortley; Trustee of the British Museum 1800-14; Councillor of State to the Prince of Wales 1806

 

John [Stuart later Crichton-Stuart], 7th Earl of Dumfries later 2nd Marquess of Bute, KT

born

10 Aug 1793

mar. (1)

29 Jul 1818 Lady Maria North (b. 26 Dec 1793; dsp. 11 Sep 1841), 1st dau. and cohrss. of George Augustus [North], 3rd Earl of Guilford, by his first wife Lady Maria Frances Hobart, 3rd dau. of George [Hobart], 3rd Earl of Buckinghamshire

mar. (2)

10 Apr 1845 Lady Sophia Frederica Christina Rawdon-Hastings (b. 1 Feb 1809; d. 28 Dec 1859), 2nd dau. of Francis [Rawdon later Rawdon-Hastings], 1st Marquess of Hastings, by his wife Lady Flora Mure-Campbell, suo jure Countess of Loudoun, only child of James [Campbell later Campbell-Mure], 5th Earl of Loudoun

only child by second wife:

1. Lord John Patrick Crichton-Stuart, later 3rd Marquess of Bute

died

18 Mar 1848

suc. by

son by second wife

note

suc. his maternal grandfather 7 Apr 1803 as 13th Lord Crichton, 7th Viscount of Ayr and 7th Earl of Dumfries; took the name of Crichton before that of Stuart by Royal Licence 1805; Lord Lieutenant of Bute and Glamorgan 1815-48; High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland 1842-46; Knight of the Thistle 1843

 

John Patrick [Crichton-Stuart], 3rd Marquess of Bute, KT

born

12 Sep 1847

mar.

16 Apr 1872 Hon Gwendolen Mary Anne Fitzalan-Howard (b. 21 Feb 1854; d. 15 Jan 1932), 1st dau. of Edward George [Fitzalan-Howard], 1st Baron Howard of Glossop, by his first wife Augusta Talbot, only dau. of Hon George Henry Talbot (by his wife Augusta Jones, illegit. dau. of Sir Horace St Paul, Bt.), half-brother of John [Talbot], 16th Earl of Shrewsbury

children:

1. Lord John Crichton-Stuart, later 4th Marquess of Bute

2. Lt Col Lord Ninian Edward Crichton-Stuart, Member of Parliament for Cardiff 1910-15 (b. 15 May 1883;  d. 2 Oct 1915), mar. 16 Jun 1906 Hon Ismay Lucretia Mary Preston (mar. (2) 30 Apr 1917 Capt Archibald Henry Maule Ramsay;  d. 16 Feb 1975), only dau. by his second wife of Enrico William Joseph [Preston], 14th Viscount Gormanston, and had issue

3. Lord Colum Edmund Crichton-Stuart KM, Member of Parliament for Northwich 1922-25 (b. 3 Apr 1886; dsp. 18 Aug 1957), mar. 14 Feb 1940 Elizabeth Caroline Petty-Fitzmaurice (widow of Henry William Edmund [Petty-Fitzmaurice], 6th Marquess of Lansdowne;  d. 25 Mar 1964), only dau. of Sir Edward Stanley Hope KCB

1. Lady Margaret Crichton-Stuart OBE DJStJ (b. 24 Dec 1875;  d. 6 Jun 1954), mar. 26 Oct 1909 Col Sir Colin William MacRae CVO CBE (d. 10 Oct 1952), yst. son of Duncan MacRae of Conchra, and had issue

died

9 Oct 1900

suc. by

son

note

Knight of the Thistle 1875; Lord Rector of St Andrew's University 1892-98; Lord Lieutenant of Bute 1892-1900

 

John [Crichton-Stuart], 4th Marquess of Bute, KT

born

20 Jun 1881

mar.

6 Jul 1905 Augusta Mary Monica Bellingham DBE DJStJ (b. 19 Aug 1880; d. 16 May 1947), 2nd dau. of Sir Alan Bellingham, 4th Bt., of Castle Bellingham, co. Louth, by his first wife Lady Constance Julia Eleanor Georgiana Noel, 2nd dau. of Charles George [Noel], 2nd Earl of Gainsborough

children:

1. Lord John Crichton-Stuart, later 5th Marquess of Bute

2. Capt Lord Robert Crichton-Stuart KM (b. 12 Dec 1909;  d. 26 Jun 1976), mar. 18 Apr 1934 Lady Janet Egidia Montgomerie, 2nd dau. by his first wife of Archibald Seton [Montgomerie], 16th Earl of Eglinton, and had issue

3. Lord David Crichton-Stuart later Stuart (b. 8 Feb 1911;  d. 1970), mar. 24 May 1940 Ursula Sybil Clifton (former wife of Peter Thomas Clifton;  d. 1989), 2nd dau. of Sir Edward Hussey Packe KBE, of Prestwold Hall, co. Leicester, and has issue

4. Capt Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart (b. 1 Feb 1913;  d. 5 Feb 1956), mar. (1) 14 Oct 1937 Jane von Bahr (d. 18 Dec 1944), dau. of Capt von Bahr, of Stockholm, and (2) 16 Apr 1947 Linda Irene Evans (d. 1974), only dau. of William Evans, of Monmouth, and had issue by his first wife

5. Capt Lord Rhidian Crichton-Stuart KM (b. 4 Jun 1917;  d. 25 Jun 1969), mar. 20 Jul 1939 Selina van Wijk (d. 1985), dau. of Frederick Gerth van Wijk, Dutch Envoy in Paris, and had issue

1. Lady Mary Crichton-Stuart (b. 8 May 1906;  d. 19__). mar. 8 May 1933 Edward Alan Walker, 1st son of Arthur Walker, and had issue

2. Lady Jean Crichton-Stuart (b. 26 Oct 1908;  d. 23 Oct 1995), mar. 12 Jun 1928 Lt Cdr Hon James Willoughby Bertie KM RN (d. 11 May 1966), 2nd son by his second wife of Montagu Arthur [Bertie], 7th Earl of Abingdon, and had issue

died

25 Apr 1947

suc. by

son

note

Lord Lieutenant of Bute 1905-47

 

John [Crichton-Stuart], 5th Marquess of Bute

born

4 Aug 1907

mar.

26 Apr 1932 Lady Eileen Beatrice Forbes (b. 1 Jul 1912; d. Jul 1993), 2nd dau. of Bernard Arthur William Patrick Hastings [Forbes], 8th Earl of Granard, by his wife Beatrice Mills OBE, dau. of Ogden Mills, of Staatsburg, Duchess County, USA

children:

1. Lord John Crichton-Stuart, later 6th Marquess of Bute

2. Lord David Ogden Crichton-Stuart (b. 27 Feb 1933;  d. 1977), mar. 24 Feb 1972 Helen McColl, dau. of William Kerr McColl, and had issue

3. Lord James Charles Crichton-Stuart (b. 17 Sep 1935;  d. 1982), mar. (1) 25 Jun 1959 (div. 1968) Sarah Frances Croker Poole (mar. (2) (div. 1955) HH The Aga Khan), only dau. of Lt Col Arthur Edward Croker Poole, and (2) 1970 Anna Rose Bramwell (mar. (2) Peter Merrick Knatchbull-Hugessen), dau. of Maj H Bramwell, and had issue by his second wife

1. Lady (Caroline Moira) Fiona Crichton-Stuart (b. 7 Jan 1941), mar. 4 Apr 1959 Capt Michael Lowsley-Williams, 1st son of Maj Frances Saville Hoole Lowsley-Williams, and has issue

died

14 Aug 1956

suc. by

son

note

Vice-Lieutenant and Hon Sheriff Substitute for Bute; CStJ

 

John [Crichton-Stuart], 6th Marquess of Bute, KBE

born

27 Feb 1933

mar. (1)

19 Apr 1955 (div. 1977) (Beatrice) Nicola Grace Weld-Forester (b. 19 Nov 1933), only dau. of Lt-Cdr Wolstan Beaumont Charles Weld-Forester CBE RN (by his wife Anne Grace Christian Home-Drummond-Moray, 1st dau. of Capt William Augustus Stirling Home-Drummond-Moray, of Abercairny, co. Perth), 1st son of Hon Charles Cecil Orlando Weld-Forester (by his first wife Elspeth Lascelles Mackenzie, dau. of Alexander Mackenzie, of Madras), 2nd son of Cecil Theodore [Weld-Forester], 5th Baron Forester

children by first wife:

1. Lord John Colum Crichton-Stuart, later 7th Marquess of Bute

2. Lord Anthony Crichton-Stuart (b. 14 May 1961), mar. 1990 Alison Bruce, 2nd dau. of Keith Bruce, of Highgate, London, and has issue

1. Lady Sophia Anne Crichton-Stuart (b. 27 Feb 1956), mar. (1) 23 Jun 1979 (div. 1988) James Stewart Bain, son of Alistair Robertson Bain, of British Columbia, Canada, and (2) 1990 as his second wife Alexius John Benedict Fenwick, and has issue by both her husbands

2. Lady Eileen Caroline Crichton-Stuart (b. 21 Feb 1957;  d. 1984)

mar. (2)

12 Nov 1978 Jennifer Percy (former wife of Gerald Percy), only dau. of John Brougham Home-Rigg, of Plaston, East Transvaal, South Africa

died

21 Jul 1993

suc. by

son by first wife

note

Lord Lieutenant of Bute 1967-75; Convenor, Bute County Council 1967-70; Chairman of the National Trust for Scotland 1969-93

 

John Colum [Crichton-Stuart], 7th Marquess of Bute

born

26 Apr 1958

mar. (1)

1984 (div. 1993) Carolyn Waddell, dau. of Bryson Waddell

children by first wife:

1. Lord John Bryson Crichton-Stuart, styled Lord Mount Stuart (b. 21 Dec 1989)

1. Lady Caroline Crichton-Stuart (b. 1984)

2. Lady Cathleen Crichton-Stuart (b. 1986)

mar. (2)

13 Feb 1999 Serena Solitaire Wendell, dau. of Maj Jac Wendell later Maxwell-Hyslop, by his wife Anthea Peronelle Hyslop, only dau. of Maj Hugh John Maxwell-Hyslop

only child by second wife

3. Lady Lola Affrica Crichton-Stuart (b. 23 Jun 1999)

 

 Last updated 11 Nov 2004

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Titles:

7th Marquess of Bute

(Great Britain, let. pat. 21 Feb 1796)

12th Earl of Dumfries

(Scotland, let. pat. 12 Jun 1633)

10th Earl of Bute

(Scotland, let. pat. 14 Apr 1703)

7th Earl of Windsor

(Great Britain, let. pat. 21 Feb 1796)

12th Viscount of Ayr

(Scotland,  let. pat. 2 Feb 1622)

10th Viscount Kingarth

(Scotland, let. pat. 14 Apr 1703)

7th Viscount Mountjoy, of the Isle of Wight

(Great Britain, let. pat. 21 Feb 1796)

20th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar

(Scotland, let. pat. 29 Jan 1487/8)

12th Lord Sanquhar

(Scotland, let. pat. 2 Feb 1622)

12th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar and Cumnock

(Scotland, let. pat. 12 Jun 1633)

10th Lord Mount Stuart, Cumra and Inchmarnock

(Scotland, let. pat. 14 Apr 1703)

8th Baron Mount Stuart of Wortley, of Wortley in the County of York

(Great Britain, let. pat. 3 Apr 1761)

7th Baron Cardiff, of Cardiff Castle

(Great Britain, let. pat. 20 May 1776)

12th Baronet, styled "of Bute"

(Nova Scotia, let. pat. 28 Mar 1627)

Hereditary Keeper of Rothesay Castle

Hereditary Sheriff and Coroner of Bute

 

Addresses:

Mount Stuart, Rothesay, Isle of Bute

Dumfries House, Cumnock, Ayrshire

 

Website for Mount Stuart House & Gardens:

www.mountstuart.com

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Copyright: Heraldic Media Limited. All rights reserved.

 

 

 

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