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Bristol, Earl of (GB, 1714)

 

Creation: let. pat. 19 Oct 1714

 

Family name: Hervey

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Arms:

See Marquess of Bristol

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John [Hervey], 1st Baron Hervey later 1st Earl of Bristol

2nd but 1st surv. son and heir of Sir Thomas Hervey, of Ickworth, co. Suffolk, by his wife Isabella May, dau. of Sir Humphrey May, Vice Chamberlain to King Charles I

born

27 Aug 1665

mar. (1)

1 Nov 1688 Isabella Carr (b. 20 Jan 1669/70; d. 7 Mar 1692/3), sister and hrss. of Sir Edward Carr, 4th Bt., and dau. of Sir Robert Carr, 3rd Bt., of Sleaford, co. Lincoln, by his wife Elizabeth Bennet, sister of Henry [Bennet], 1st Earl of Arlington, and dau. of Sir John Bennet, of Dawley, co. Middlesex

children by first wife

1. Hon Carr Hervey, styled Lord Hervey, Member of Parliament (Whig) for Bury St Edmunds 1713-22, Groom of the Bedchamber to the Prince of Wales (b. 17 Sep 1691; dvp. 14 Nov 1723)

mar. (2)

25 Jul 1695 Elizabeth Felton, a Lady of the Bedchamber to Queen Caroline, both as Princess of Wales and later as Queen Consort (b. 18 Dec 1676; d. 1 May 1741), dau. and hrss. of Sir Thomas Felton, 4th Bt., of Playford Hall, co. Suffolk, by his wife Lady Elizabeth Howard, only dau. and cohrss. by his second wife of James [Howard], 3rd Earl of Suffolk and 3rd Baron Howard de Walden

children by second wife

2. John [Hervey], 2nd Baron Hervey PC, Member of Parliament (Whig) for Bury St Edmunds 1725-33, Vice Chamberlain of the Household 1730-40, Privy Councillor 1730, sum. to Parliament v.p. 11 Jun 1733 in his father's Barony of Hervey, Lord Privy Seal 1740-42, a Lord Justice of the Realm 1741 (b. 15 Oct 1696; dvp. 5 Aug 1743), mar. 21 Apr 1720 Mary Lepell, a Maid of Honour to the Princess of Wales (b. 26 Sep 1706; d. 2 Sep 1768), dau. of Brig Gen Nicholas Lepell, Groom of the Bedchamber to George, Prince of Denmark, by his wife Mary Brooke, dau. of John Brooke, of Rendlesham, and had issue:

1a. Hon George William Hervey, later 3rd Baron Hervey later 2nd Earl of Bristol

2a. Hon Augustus John Hervey, later 3rd Earl of Bristol

3a. Hon Frederick Augustus Hervey, later 4th Earl of Bristol

4a. Gen Hon William Hervey (b. 13 May 1732; d. unm.)

1a. Lady Lepell Hervey (b. 15 Apr 1723; d. 11 May 1780), mar. 26 Feb 1742/3 Constantine John [Phipps], 1st Baron Mulgrave, and had issue

2a. Lady Mary Hervey, mar. 31 Oct 1745 George Fitzgerald, of Turlough

3a. Lady Amelia Caroline Nassau Hervey (d. unm.)

4a. Lady Caroline Hervey (d. unm.)

3. Hon Thomas Hervey, Member of Parliament for Bury St Edmunds, Equerry to Queen Caroline (b. 20 Jan 1698/9; d. Jan 1775), mar. 1744 Anne Coghlan, dau. and cohrss. of Francis Coghlan, and had issue

4. Capt Hon William Hervey RN (b. 25 Dec 1699), mar. 27 Nov 1729 Elizabeth Ridge (d. 13 Jul 1730), dau. of Thomas Ridge, of Kilmiston House, co. Hampshire, and had issue

5. Rev Hon Henry Hervey later Aston DD (b. 5 Jan 1700), mar. 2 Mar 1730 Catherine Aston, sister and hrss. of Sir Thomas Aston, of Aston Hall, co. Chester, and had issue

6. Rev Hon Charles Hervey DD, Prebendary of Ely, Rector of Sproughton and Shotley, co. Suffolk (b. 5 Apr 1703; dsp. 20 Mar 1786), mar. 31 Dec 1743 Martha Maria Howard, dau. of Col ..... Howard, of St Edmundsbury, co. Suffolk

7. Hon Felton Hervey MP, Equerry to Queen Caroline 1736 (b. 12 Feb 1711/2; d. 18 Aug 1773), mar. Dorothy Pitfield (widow of Charles Pitfield; d. 8 Nov 1761), dau. of Solomon Ashley, and had issue

died

20 Jan 1750/1

created

23 Mar 1702/3 Baron Hervey, of Ickworth in the County of Suffolk

19 Oct 1714 Earl of Bristol

suc. by

grandson

note

suc. his father 27 May 1694 in the family estates and as Hereditary High Steward of Bury St Edmunds; Member of Parliament (Whig) for Bury St Edmunds 1694-1703; a zealous supporter of the succession of the House of Hanover

 

George William [Hervey], 3rd Baron Hervey later 2nd Earl of Bristol, PC

born

3 Aug 1721

died

18 Mar 1775

suc. by

brother

note

suc. his father 5 Aug 1743 as 3rd Baron Hervey; Envoy to Turin 1755-58;  Ambassador to Madrid 1758-61;  Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1766-67;  Privy Councillor 1766;  Lord Privy Seal 1768-70;  Groom of the Stole and First Lord of the Bedchamber 1770-75

 

Augustus John [Hervey], 3rd Earl of Bristol, PC

born

19 May 1724

mar.

4 Aug 1744 (div. 1769) Elizabeth Chudleigh, a Maid of Honour to the Prince of Wales (mar. (2) 8 Mar 1769 during her husband's lifetime Evelyn [Pierrepont], 2nd Duke of Kingston-upon-Hull;  d. 26 Aug 1788), dau. of Col Thomas Chudleigh, Lieutenant Governor of Chelsea College, co. Middlesex (by his wife Henrietta .....), 2nd son of Sir George Chudleigh, 3rd Bt., of Ashton, co. Devon

died

s.p.s.legit. 23 Sep 1779

suc. by

brother

note

a Naval officer:  Lieutenant 1740, Commander 1746, Post Captain 1746/7, Colonel of Marines 1762-75, Commander in Chief in the Mediterranean 1763, Rear Admiral 1775, and Vice Admiral 1778;  Member of Parliament (Whig) for Bury St Edmunds 1757-63 and 1768-75, and for Saltash 1763-68;  Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland 1766-67;  Privy Councillor [I] 1766;  a Lord of the Admiralty 1771-75; the Duchess of Kingston, as she was usually called, was tried for bigamy before the House of Lords 1776 and found guilty - she left England and spent the rest of her life abroad

 

Frederick Augustus [Hervey], 4th Earl of Bristol, PC

born

1 Aug 1730

mar.

10 Aug 1752 Elizabeth Davers (d. 19 Dec 1800), sister and hrss. of Sir Charles Davers, 5th Bt. MP, and 2nd dau. of Sir Jermyn Davers, 4th Bt. MP, of Rougham, co. Suffolk (by his wife Margaretta Green, dau. and cohrss. of Rev ..... Green), 1st son of Sir Robert Davers, 2nd Bt., of Rougham, co. Suffolk, by his wife Hon Mary Jermyn, 2nd dau. and cohrss. of Thomas [Jermyn], 2nd Baron Jermyn

children

1. Capt Hon John Augustus Hervey RN, styled Lord Hervey, Capt Royal Navy 1780, Ambassador at Florence 1787-94 (b. 1 Jan 1757; dvp. and spm. 10 Jun 1796), mar. 4 Oct 1779 Elizabeth Drummond (d. 4 Sep 1818), 1st dau. of Colin Drummond, of Megginch Castle, co. Perth, Commissary-General and Paymaster to the Forces in Canada (by his wife Katherine Oliphant, dau. of Robert Oliphant of  Rossie), 2nd son of Rt Hon Adam Drummond, 9th of Lennoch and 2nd of Megginch, and had issue:

1a. Hon Elizabeth Catherine Caroline Hervey (b. 17 Aug 1780; d. 21 Jan 1803), mar. 2 Aug 1798 as his first wife Charles Rose [Ellis], 1st Baron Seaford, and had issue

2. Hon Frederick William Hervey, later 5th Earl of Bristol later 1st Marquis of Bristol

1. Lady Mary Caroline Hervey (d. 10 Jan 1842), mar. 22 Feb 1776 as his second wife John [Crichton], 1st Earl Erne, and had issue

2. Lady Elizabeth Hervey (b. c. 1760; dsp. 20 Mar 1824), mar. (1) John Thomas Foster (d. 1796) and (2) 19 Oct 1809 as his second wife William [Cavendish], 5th Duke of Devonshire

3. Lady Theodosia Louisa Hervey (b. Feb 1767; dsp. 12 Jun 1821), mar. 25 Mar 1795 as his first wife Robert Banks [Jenkinson], 2nd Earl of Liverpool

died

8 Jul 1803

suc. by

son Hon Frederick William Hervey in the Barony of Hervey and Earldom of Bristol and his great-grandson Hon Charles Augustus Ellis in the Barony of Howard de Walden

note

Clerk of the Privy Seal 1753-67;  Chaplain to the King 1763;  Privy Councillor [I] 1767;  Bishop of Cloyne 1767-68;  Bishop of Derry 1768-1803;  Chaplain General to the Irish Volunteers 1782; suc. 18 Nov 1799 as 5th Baron Howard de Walden on the death of the senior co-heir

 

Frederick William [Hervey], 5th Earl of Bristol later 1st Marquess of Bristol

created

30 Jun 1826 Earl Jermyn, of Horningsheath in the County of Suffolk, and Marquess of Bristol

 

The Earldom of Bristol has been held by the Marquesses of Bristol since 30 Jun 1826.

 

 Last updated 31 Dec 2005

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